List of Hindu measurement (units) of time unknown facts

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Before knowing about “List of Hindu measurement (units) of time unknown facts“, let us know few basic information about related Hinduism facts.

Hinduism is existing since the ‘aadi kalam’ (Grand unknown time) and will exist until the ‘ananta kalam’ (Grand infinite time).

No one knows when the Hinduism (Sanatana Dharma) was started. Only Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is aware of this.

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu was the founder of Sanatana Dharma.

No one knows the birth day of Bhagavan Sri Vishnu as he never took the birth and he doesn’t has the end. Thus he is called as ‘aadi deva’ and ‘ananta’.

Here ‘aadi deva’ means, he is the one who is existing since the ‘Grand infinite time’ and ‘ananta’ means, he is the one who is last until the ‘Grand infinite time’.

Even Sri Maha Lakshmi Devi, Sri Brahma Deva, Sri Saraswati Devi, Sri Rudra Deva, Sri Parvati Devi, Sri Indra Deva etc. are not at all aware about the existence of Bhagavan Sri Vishnu.

Now, let’s move to know about the “Hindu measurement of time unknown facts“:

List of Hindu measurement (units) of time unknown facts are as given below:

Nimesha : The smallest unit of time is a nimesha; this is the amount of time it takes to blink.

Fifteen nimeshas make one kaashtha and thirty kaashthas are one kaala.

Kaalas : Thirty kaalas make one muhurta and there are thirty muhurtas in one divaratra (one day).

Muhurta : Fifteen muhurtas constitute one day and fifteen muhurtas make up one night.

(One Muhurta is 48 minutes as per today’s calculation. Thus there are 30 muhurtas in a day of 24 hours).

Humans one month : One month for humans is one day for the ancestors (pitrus).

Shukla Paksha : Shukla Paksha is the lunar fortnight, during which the moon waxes.

Krishna Paksha : Krishna Paksha is the lunar fortnight during which the moon wanes.

Night and Day for ancestors : Shukla Paksha corresponds to night for the ancestors and Krishna Paksha corresponds to day.

Thirty human months : Thus, thirty human months are merely one month for the ancestors.

Three hundred and sixty human months are one year for the ancestors.

Divaratara : One human year is one divaratara for the gods.

Ayanas : The human year is divided into two ayanas, each consisting of six months. These are known as uttarayana and dakshinayana.

Uttarayana : Uttarayana is one day for the gods.

Dakshinayana : Dakshinayana is one night for gods.

Thirty human years : Thirty human years are one month for the gods and three hundred and sixty human years are one year for the gods.

Yugas : Time is divided into four yugas (eras).

These are known as Satya yuga or Krita yuga, Treta yuga, Dwapara yuga and Kali yuga.

The lengths of these yugas are defined in terms of years of the gods:

One Kali Yuga = 4,32,000 earth’s years

One Dwapara Yuga = one Kali Yuga * 2 = 8,64,000 earth’s years

One Treta Yuga = one Kali Yuga * 3 = 12,96,000 earth’s years

One Sayta or Krita Yuga = one Kali Yuga * 4 = 17,28,000 earth’s years

Satya Yuga : Satya Yuga has four thousand years of the gods.

Treta Yuga : Treta Yuga has three thousand years of the gods.

Dwapara Yuga : Dwapara Yuga has two thousand years of the gods.

Kali Yuga : Kali Yuga one thousand of the gods.

Mahayuga : A cycle of Satya Yuga, Treta yuga, Dwapara yuga and Kali Kuga is known as a Mahayuga.

Thus, a Mahayuga would seem to consist of ten thousand years of the gods. But this is not quite correct.

Sandhyamshas : In between any two yugas are intervening periods, known as sandhyamshas.

For example, the sandhyamsha for Satya Yuga is four hundred years,

for Treta Yuga three hundred years,

for Dwapara Yuga two hundred years and

for Kali Yuga one hundred years.

Once one adds the sandhyamshas, a Mahayuga adds up to twelve thousand years of the gods.

(We should note that the years of earth / humans and Gods are different).

Manvantara : A little over seventy-one yugas constitute one Manvantara.

Kalpa : Fourteen such Manvantaras are one Kalpa. A Kalpa is merely one day for Brahma.

At the end of Brahma’s day, the universe is destroyed.

It is then created afresh when a new day dawns for Brahma.

The Characteristics of the Yugas as one progressively moves down the scale from satya yuga to kali yuga, the power of righteous diminishes and evil starts to triumph.

In treta yuga people were righteous. The system of varnashrama dharma goes back to treta yuga.

This is typified in the principle of four varnas (classes) and four ashramas (stages of life).

The four varnas are Brahmanas, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras.

Each class has its proper place, each its assigned occupations as determined by the principles of division of labour.

The four ashramas are bhramacharya (celibate student hood).

Grihasthya (householder stage), vanaprastha (forest dwelling stage and sannyasa (hermithood).

Everyone followed the tenets of varnashrama dharma in treta yuga.

Individuals were equally handsome and equally wealthy. Poverty and disease were unknown.

The weather was clement and, initially, there was no need to build houses.

Cities and villages were not known.

People lived freely in the mountains and on the shores of the oceans.

But as people became evil, the weather turned inclement.

Houses had to built so the people might be protected from the heat and the cold.

Cities and villages were planned and constructed.

Evil became even more prevalent in dvapara yuga.

In some cases, individuals began to practice that which was against the dictates of varnashrama dharma.

To bring men back to the righteous path, the knowledge of the sacred Vedas had to be disseminated amongst humans.

To this end, the great Sri Veda Vyasa Ji (He is an avatar of Bhagavan Sri Vishnu) divided the Vedas into four.

Various other shastras (sacred texts) were also composed in Dwapara Yuga.

These include ayurveda (medicine), jyotisha (astronomy) and arthashastra (economics).

Hatred, jealousy, warfare and other evils first originated in dvapara yuga.

Individuals did not stick to their own classes while marrying, and cross-breeds started to be born.

But some remnants of righteousness could still be found, so that average life expectancies amounted to two thousand years.

Kali yuga is the worst of the four eras. Theft, hatred, falsehood, fraudulence and egotism become the norm.

As a natural corollary to such evils, drought and famine recur again and again.

Even the brahmanas are led astray. They do not study the Vedas, nor do they perform yajnas.

The brahmanas degenerate so much that they mixed with shudras.

As for the shudras, they become kings. Shudras even start to study the Vedas.

Evil always has its effect. Disease becomes rampant and life expectancies go down.

More information will be added to this on regular, please visit after some time to know more information.

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When was Hinduism Sanatana Dharma started

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1 Comment

  • spears

    Tһis page really has all of the information and faϲts I needed
    aЬout thіs suЬject and didn’t know who to ask.

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