What are Lord Dhanvantari amazing facts
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Bhagavan Sri Dhanvantari is an avatar of Bhagavan Sri Vishnu and he is the physician of the unlimited universes.
Bhagavan Sri Dhanvantari has been the king of Varanasi. Bhagavan Sri Dhanvantari is mentioned in the Puranas as the god of Ayurvedic science.
Bhagavan Sri Dhanvantari, during the Samudra manthanam came out of the ‘Kshirasagaram’ (Ocean of divine Milk) with the nectar of immortality.
In every household of India, it is an usual practice to pray to Dhanvantari and seek his blessings for sound health for themselves and their family members.
This praying is done especially on Dhanteras or ‘Dhanvantari Trayodashi’ (It is the day when Bhagavan Sri Vishnu took the avatar of Bhagavan Sri Dhanvantari). This is celebrated as the “National Ayurveda Day” in India.
First of all let us know the meaning of the word Dhanvantari:
As said in the ‘Sushruta Samhita’, etymologically the word Dhanvantari means,
Dhanvantari = Dhanu + anta + ri
Dhanu = Science of extracting arrows,
Shalyashastra (Shalya + Shastra),
that is, doing Surgery.
Anta = End.
Thus, Dhanu + Anta = Dhanvanta = even having the complete (up to end) knowledge of surgery.
ri = having
Dhanvanta + ri = Dhanvantari the one who has the complete knowledge (that is, up to end / full knowledge) of Surgery.
Dhanvantari is one of the avatars of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu. Now let us know who is Dhanvantari?
We learn about Dhanvantari in several Puranas, that is, Bhagavata Purana, HariVamsha Purana, Brahma Purana and others.
Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu as Dhanvantari avatar is purported to have taken place two times as follows:
That is, in Chakshusha Manvantara and in Vaivasvata Manvantara:
In the Chakshusha Manvantara, Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu was born in Chandra Vamsha / family as putra / son of Kaashi Raaja by name ‘Dhanva’ and hence he is called as ‘Dhanvantari, that is, the Aayurveda Pravartaka (Physician of the Devatas / Demigods).
In Vaivasvata Manvantara Dhanvantari’s pradurbhava (avatar) took place during ‘Ksheera saAgara Mathana’ (churning of the ocean). When Dhanvantari emerges out from the ocean carrying ‘amruta kalasha’ (ambrosia pot).
Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu’s avatar, that is,
Dhanvantari is the daivi vaidya / divine Doctor.
Dhanvantari is the head of all the doctors of the multiverses (unlimited universes).
Dhanvantari is the best of the best Surgeons of the multiverses (unlimited universes).
Dhanvantari is the Sarvottama / Supreme Bhagavan of ayurveda / medicines.
Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu’s Dhanvantari avatar is the ‘Bhishak roopa’ (clinician form) that is, the ‘BhavaRoga Vaidya’.
Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotra eulogizes Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu as:
वेदो वैद्यः (श्लोक #18)
ವೇದ್ಯೋ ವೈದ್ಯಃ (ಶ್ಲೋಕ #18)
vEdyo vAidyah (sloka #18)
This means, the one who knows about everything about the ayurveda (medicines). There is nothing which is unknown to Dhanvantari.
In Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram, Bhagavan is Sri Maha Vishnu (Dhanvantari form) is called ‘BhavaRoga Vaidya’, he is the called as:
भेषजं भिषक (श्लोक #62)
ಭೇಷಜಂ ಭಿಷಕ್ (ಶ್ಲೋಕ #62)
‘bheṣajaṁ bhiṣak (bheshajam bhishak)’ (shloka #62)
This means, Bhagavan Dhanvantari is the one and the only ayurvedic / medicinal doctor for the disease called SaMsara (BhavaRoga) and he is the head of the doctors, that is,
he is the ‘daivi vidya / divine doctor’ who can give the ultimate medicine, cure, remedy for all diseases of both physical or mental.
नमामि धन्वंतरि आदि देवं सुरासुर वंदित पाद पद्मं |
लोके जरा रुगभे मृत्यु नाशं दातारं ईशं विविदोषाधिनां ||
ನಮಾಮಿ ಧನ್ವಂತರಿ ಆದಿ ದೇವಂ ಸುರಾಸುರ ವಂದಿತ ಪಾದ ಪದ್ಮಂ |
ಲೋಕೆ ಜರಾ ರುಗ್ಭೇ ಮೃತ್ಯು ನಾಶಂ ದಾತಾರಂ ಈಶಂ ವಿವಿದೌಷಧಿನಾಂ ||
Namami Dhanvantari Aadi Devam Surasura Vandita PaAda Padmam |
Loke Jara Rugbhay Mrityu NAsham DAtaaram Eesham VividHaushadHinaam ||
Meaning of this shloka is:
“Namaste / salutations to Aadi Deva Dhanvantari. You are served by all Devatas / Demigods and demons. You are the cause to end all the diseases of this multiverses (unlimited universes). You provide us all types of aushadi / medicines to cure all types of diseases.”
शरीरे जर्जरी भूते व्याधि ग्रस्ते कलेबरे ।
औषधं जाह्नवीतोयं वैद्यो नारायणो हरिः ॥
ಶರೀರೆ ಜರ್ಜರಿ ಭೂತೇ ವ್ಯಾಧಿ ಗ್ರಸ್ತೆ ಕಲೇಬರೇ ।
ಔಷಧಂ ಜಾಹ್ವವಿತೋಯಂ ವೈದ್ಯೋ ನಾರಾಯಣೋ ಹರಿಃ।।
sharIrE jarjarI bhUtE vyAdhi grastE kalebarE |
auShadham jaanhavItOyam vaidyO nArAyaNO harih ||
The meaning of this shloka is:
“When someone’s body is suffering with any disease, aushadi / medicine is like sacred Ganga water and the Vaidya / doctor is none other than the Supreme Bhagavan Srimann Narayana and he himself is the Bhagavan Dhanvanthri.”
Above shloka is generally recited while taking medicine.
आर्ता विषण्णा शिथिलाष्च भीताः घोरेषु च व्याधीषु वर्तमानाः |
संकीर्त्या नारायण शब्द मात्रं विमुक्त दुःखाः सुखिनो भवंती ||
ಆರ್ತಾ ವಿಷಣ್ಣಾಶಿಥಿಲಾಶ್ಚ ಭೀತಾ: ಘೋರೇಷು ಚ ವ್ಯಾಧಿಷು ವರ್ತಮಾನಾ: ।
ಸಂಕೀರ್ತ್ಯ ನಾರಾಯಣ ಶಬ್ಧ ಮಾತ್ರಂ ವಿಮುಕ್ತ ಧುಃಖಾಃ ಸುಖಿನೋ ಭವಂತಿ ।।
aArtaa vishHaNNaaH shitHilaashcha bhiitaaH ghoresHhu cha vyaAdhishhu varttamaAnaaH |
sankiirtya naAraayaNa sHabda maatraM viMukta duHkhaaH sukHino bhaVanti ||
The above shloka comes in the ‘Phala Stuti’ of Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram.
Here the Sarvottama / Supreme Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu Himself is giving an assurance that:
Whenever one is too much worried, very sad, heart broken, afraid, severely ill, is been hearing bad news etc.
In all such cases He (Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu / Dhanvantari) will take care of everything those who chant the divine name, that is, ‘Narayana’ name, and he is none other than ‘Dhanvantari’ himself.
Festival: Kartika Bahula Trayodashi is the day, when Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu was born as ‘Dhanvantari’ and this day is celebrated as ‘Dhanvantari Jayanti’.
Bhagavan Dhanvantari is the abhimani (controller) Devata for Aayurveda Shastra.
Another meaning of Dhanvantari:
Dhanvantari = Dhanva + antari
Here Dhanva has various meanings like disease, anger, arrogance, pride etc.
Antari means, he is someone who ends all these disease, anger, arrogance, pride etc.
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