Most popular Shlokas of Bhagavad Gita with meaning in Sanskrit, Kannada, English
Namaste friends, how are you doing today? Bhagavan Sri Krishna blessings to you and your family.
Bhagavad Gita is one of the most divine grantas (divine book) not only for Hindus, but for the whole world.
Just before the start of the Mahabharata (Kurukshetra) war, Bhagavan Sri Krishna in the form of Gita (divine song) preaches this to his friend and great devotee Arjuna.
But, we should always remember that Bhagavan Sri Krishna not just preached the great Bhagavad Gita only to Arjuna.
No, it’s not like that. Bhagavan Sri Krishna has preached the great Bhagavad Gita to all and especially to the Kali Yuga people as we lack the correct knowledge of Sanatana Dharma.
Sri Krishna preaching Bhagavad Gita to Arjuna.
Thus we should keep this in our mind that, Bhagavad Gita is for the wellbeing of all the living beings on earth.
Bhagavad Gita = Bhagavan’s + Gita = Bhagavan Sri Krishna preaches in the form of Gita (divine song) and thus the name Bhagavad Gita.
Now let us come to the most popular shlokas of Bhagavad Gita:
1. चातुर्वर्ण्यं मया सृष्टं गुण-कर्म-विभागशः ।
तस्य कर्तारमपि मां विद्ध्यकर्तारमव्ययं || 4-13 ||
ಚಾತುರ್ವರ್ಣ್ಯಂ ಮಯಾ ಸೃಷ್ಟಂ ಗುಣ-ಕರ್ಮ-ವಿಭಾಗಶಃ ।
ತಸ್ಯ ಕರ್ತಾರಮಪಿ ಮಾಂ ವಿದ್ಧ್ಯಕರ್ತಾರಮವ್ಯಯಂ || 4-13 ||
catur-varnyam maya srstam guna-karma-vibhagasah |
tasya kartaram api mam viddhy akartaram avyayam || 4-13 ||
chatur-varnyam = The four varnas / divisions of human society; mayaa = Done by Me (Sri Krishna); srstam = Created; guna = quality; karma = Karma; vibhagasah = In the form of division;
tasya = Of that; kartaram = The father; api = although; mam = Me (Sri Krishna); viddhi = you may know; akartaram = As the non-doer; avyayam = Being unalterable.
I (Sri Krishna) have created four Varnas, that is, Brahmana, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra based on the Karma and deeds of Jeevas (living beings). And, although I am the creator of these four varnas, you should always remember that I am (Sri Krishna) yet the non-doer and being unalterable.
A great saint of Sri Madhwa (Dvaita) Sampradaya, Sri Raghavendra Swamy has given an extensive explanation for this shloka with the help of Sri Madhwacharya Ji’s commentary.
Left: Sri Raghavendra Swamy; Middle: Sri Krishna; Right: Sri Madhwacharya Ji.
This Varna system explained is not limited to only India, but is applicable to the entire humanity. On the outward way it may look like Bhagavan Sri Krishna has created these four varnas, that is, Brahmana, Kshatriya, Vaishya, Shudra.
But Sri Madhwacharya Ji says this classification is not based purely on the body, but is based on aatma / soul.
Each aatma / soul has very unique nature of its own. This means, every aatma / soul is different from each. My aatma / soul is different from your aatma / soul
Many of us know that aatmas / souls have been widely divided into three, that is, Satvika, Rajasa and Tamasa.
Satvikas include all the Devatas / Demigods.
Tamasas include the Asuras and lowest level of humans.
Rajasas has again divided into three divisions, that is, Rajasa-Satvika, Rajasa-Rajasa, Rajasa-Tamasa.
And again amidst these, Rajasa-Satvika group is divided into chaturvarnya i.e, Brahmana, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra in Bhagavad gita.
If an aatma / soul (with the combination of Rajasa and Satvika) has greater (too high) ‘Satvika guna’ than ‘Rajasa Guna’, then he will be called as a Brahmana.
If ‘Satva Guna’ is a little more than ‘Rajasa Guna’, than he will be called as a Kshatriya.
If ‘Satva Guna’ and ‘Rajo Guna’ are equal in quantity, then he will be called as a Vaishya.
If ‘Rajo Guna’ is higher than ‘Satva Guna’, then he will be called as a Shudra.
This is the correct meaning of Chatur Varna as per Hinduism / Sanatana Dharma.
2. परित्राणाय साधूनां विनाशाय च दुष्कृताम् |
धर्म-संस्थापनार्थाय संभवामि युगे युगे || 4.8 ||
ಪರಿತ್ರಾಣಾಯ ಸಾಧೂನಾಂ ವಿನಾಶಾಯ ಚ ದುಷ್ಕೃತಾಂ |
ಧರ್ಮಸಂಸ್ಥಾಪನಾರ್ಥಾಯ ಸಂಭವಾಮಿ ಯುಗೇ ಯುಗೇ || 4-8 ||
paritraanaaya saadhunaam vinaashaaya cha dushkrutam |
dharma-samsthapanaarthaaya sambhavaami yuge yuge || 4-8 ||
paritaranaaya = To protech; sadhunam = All the Bhagavan Sri Vishnu devotees; vinaashaaya = For the annihilation / complete slaying; cha = And; dushkrutaam = All are who are against Dharma (Like Rakshasa, demons etc);
dharma = Sanatana Dharma; samsthaapana-arthaya = Mainly to re-establish; sambhavaami = I will definitely appear; yuge = Every time and time (now and then); yuge = Every time and time (now and then).
For the protection of all the Bhagavan Sri Vishnu devotees, for the annihilation / complete slaying of people who are against Sanatana Dharma and to re-establish Sanatana Dharma I (Bhagavan Sri Vishnu) incarnate from time to time (again and again).
Here we should always keep in mind that, Bhagavan Sri Krishna is telling that ‘Yuge Yuge’, this means from time to time (again and again) and not just every Yuga (Like Satya Yuga, Treta Yuga, Dwapara Yuga and Kali Yuga).
Left: Sri Krishna slaying Kamsa. Right: Bhagavan Sri Vishnu attacking multiple demons.
Also we should note that the words like ‘paritraana instead of traana, vinaashaaya instead of nashaya and samsthaapanaaya instead sthapanaya. This instructs us all that whenever there is Adharma, Bhagavan Sri Vishnu will completely destroy (and not just destruction) the Adharmi people and will definitely re-establish the Sanatana Dharma completely (and not just partially).
This is the greatness of our greatest Bhagavan Sri Vishnu.
Here Bhagavan Sri Krishna is explaining how he re-establishes Dharma.
In reality, Bhagavan Sri Krishna need not have to come personally to establish or to re-establish Sanatana Dharma and to annihilate the Adharma and Adharmis on earth.
Bhagavan Sri Krishna could just reside in each aatma / soul and instigate them to destroy each other (Adharmis).
If Bhagavan Sri Krishna does it in this simple way, then we fools will not understand the greatness of him (Bhagavan Sri Krishna) and we will never understand the correct path of Sanatana Dharma and we will loose out the great and divine leader like our Bhagavan Purushottama (Another name of Bhagavan Sri Krishna).
Thus, Bhagavan Sri Vishnu / Krishna / Rama comes in the form of humans, lives like humans and shows how to lead a rightful life.
(We should always remember that Bhagavan Sri Vishnu doesn’t has any drawbacks. He is called as ‘aatma kaama’, means he doesn’t need any outer material things to satisfy him. He can get satisfied by himself and doesn’t need anybody’s help or support in anyway).
A great saint from Udupi called Sri Vishweshateertha Ji (of Sri Madhwa – Dvaita sampradaya) has given us a very good example for this:
A mother is capable of walking very fast, but she does not walk very fast as her child might stumble and fall trying to follow her. Thus, instead she holds the baby’s hand and walks very very slowly like the baby itself and gradually child will learn to walk. In the same way he will come as Vamana, Rama, Krishna etc and will live among us and show us the path of Sanatana Dharma.
Bhagavan Sri Vishnu doesn’t has any sorrow, weakness, sadness, dejection, misery, suffering, agonize, anguish, pain etc.
Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is called as Sarvottama, Sarveshwara, Parameshwara, Paramaatma, Purushottama, Ishvara, etc, how can he has drawbacks. Only fools can think like this.
3. अनन्याश्चिन्तयन्तो मां ये जना: पर्युपासते |
तेषां नित्याभियुक्तानां योगक्षेमं वहाम्यहम् || 9-22 ||
ಅನನ್ಯಾಶ್ಚಿಂತಯಂತೋ ಮಾಂ ಯೇ ಜನಾಃ ಪರ್ಯುಪಾಸತೇ ।
ತೇಷಾಂ ನಿತ್ಯಾಭಿಯುಕ್ತಾನಾಂ ಯೋಗಕ್ಷೇಮಂ ವಹಾಮ್ಯಹಂ ॥ 9-22 ॥
ananyash chintayanto maam ye janah paryupaasate |
tesham nityaabhiyuktaanaam yoga-khsemam vahaamy aham || 9-22 ||
ananyah = no other than me (Sri Krishna); chintayantah = always thinking of Sri Krishna; mam = only on to Me (Sri Krishna); ye = who all; janah = people; paryupaasate = worshipping the real and correct devotion; tesham = their; nitya = always (all day) abhiyuktanam = fixed only in devotion; yoga-khsemam = wellbeing; vahami = carry; aham = I am (Sri Krishna).
Translation of the shloka:
What an affirmation from the Sarvottama / Supreme Bhagavan Sri Krishna to all his real devotees.
Sri Krishna is telling that he will take care of the wellbeing (Yoga-Kheshmam) of all His (Sri Krishna) devotees. But Sri Krishna keeps one condition also.
What is that condition?
All of Sri Krishna’s real devotees should have “Ananya Bhakthi / Chintana” towards HIM through out the life.
But, what is ‘Ananya Bhakti’? – Come on friends, let’s know that pure divinity:
Ananya means ‘no’ anya (no other), that is, single minded devotion (emphasis on Ananya Bhakti), exclusive devotion towards the Sarvottama / Supreme Bhagavan, that is, Sri Krishna / Vishnu / Hari / Rama himself.
For such real devotees, the Sarvottama / Supreme Bhagavan is the one and only reality.
He is the one who has saved Pancha Pandavas, Ambarisha, Draupadi Devi, Gajendra, Prahlada, Dhruva, Ajamila etc etc etc and still continuing that even today and will continue until the ananta kaalam (grand infinite time).
Sri Krishna is giving an affirmation and he is giving it openly proclaiming that, He will definitely take care of their (real devotees) welfare (Yoga-Kshemam), that is, Sri Krishna is giving the supreme spiritual sense the moksha / mukti (divine liberation) to His all real devotees.
Ananya Bhakti = No Anya Bhakti (Not to depend on others), that is, only Sri Krishna / Vishnu / Rama / Hari Bhakti. We have to learn the Sri Hari Sarvottama through correct Guru like Hanuman / Bhima / Madhwacharya Ji.
But this doesn’t mean we shouldn’t worship other devatas like Sri Maha Lakshmi Devi, Sri Brahma Deva, Sri Sarasvati Devi, Sri Shiva, Sri Tulasi Devi, Sri Parvati Devi, Sri Indra Deva, Sri Surya Deva, Sri Chandra Deva etc.
Yes, we have to worship all the devatas too. But we should always keep in mind that Sri Krishna / Vishnu / Rama / Hari is the Sarvottama / Supreme and all others are his followers. Whatever Sri Krishna instructs, these Devatas has to follow those instructions.
We should worship all these Devatas, as Sri Krishna / Vishnu / Rama / Hari is the ‘antaryaami’ of all these Devatas. Sri Krishna / Vishnu / Rama / Hari is the ‘antaryaami’ of all. He is present in everyone and is present in everything. We should always keep this in our mind throughout our life.
(This shloka also comes in Sri Vishnu Sahasra Nama’s Phala Shruti.)
4. धृतराष्ट्र उवाच
धर्म क्षेत्रॆ कुरुक्षेत्रे समवेता युयुत्सव: ।
मामका: पांडवाश्चैव किमकुर्वतु संजय ।। 1-1 ।।
ಧರ್ಮ ಕ್ಷೇತ್ರೆ ಕುರುಕ್ಷೇತ್ರೇ ಸಮವೇತಾ ಯುಯುತ್ಸವ: |
ಮಾಮಕಾ: ಪಾಂಡವಾಶ್ಚೈವ ಕಿಮಕುರ್ವತು ಸಂಜಯ || 1-1 ||
dharma kshEtre kuruksEhtre samavEta yuyutsava: |
maamakA: pandavAschaiva kimakurvatu sanjaya || 1-1 ||
King Dhritarastra asks Sanjaya:
dharma-ksetre—A place where only “Dharma” is followed; kuru-ksetre—A place called Kurukshetra (Kuru’s place); samavetah—Assembled; yuyatsavah—desiring to fight; mamakah—my party (my sons); pandavah—the sons of Pandu; ca—and; eva-certainly; kim—what; akurvata—did they do; sanjaya—O Sanjaya.
Just before the start of the divine war of Kurukshetra (Mahabharata war), Dhritarashtra asks Sanjaya:
After having assembled at the holy Kurukshetra, what are my sons and pandu’s sons are doing?
Arjuna was confused whether to fight or not against his Pitamaha Bhishma, Guru Drona, Brothers like Duryodana and others, and also other elder Kauravas in Kurukshetra.
Arjuna decided not to fight and asked suggestion from Bhagavan Sri Krishna.
Then Sri Krishna showed Arjuna ‘Vishnuroopa Darshanam’ (divine form of Bhagavan Sri Krishna) and gave a divine explanation of Srimad Bhagavad Gita.
Every moment a confused Arjuna (this means we all) opens the divine Bhagavad Gita to take the advice of Sri Krishna.
And through the divine Bhagavad Gita, Sri Krishna has been explaining and giving solutions to the various problems faced by the confused Arjunas (today’s people) for centuries and will continue to do the same forever…
How many chapters does Bhagavad Gita has: In total 18 chapters. The different Chapters of Bhagavad Gita are as follows:
Karma Vairagya Yoga (Sanyaasa Yoga)
Jnaana Vijnana Yoga
Akshara brahma Yoga
Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga
More information will be added to this. Please visit after some time.
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