Bhadrachalam (Sri Sita Ramachandra Swamy) temple information, significance, facts, importance
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The most divine Sri Sita Ramachandra Swamy temple of Bhadrachalam (Also known as Sri Vaikuntha Rama Kshetram) is a pious and auspicious Hindu temple.
Here the main deity is Lord Sri Sita Ramachandra Swamy, who is none other than the avatar of Lord Sri Vishnu.
Lord Sri Vishnu took the avatar of Lord Sri Rama as the 7th avatar, whereas the other avatars are: 1st is Sri Varaha Swamy, 2nd is Narasimha Swamy, 3rd is Sri Matsya, 4th is Sri Kurma,
5th is Sri Vamana, 6th is Sri Parashurama, 7th Sri Rama, 8th is Sri Krishna, 9th is Sri Buddha and 10th will be Sri Kalki (This avatar will happen at the end of Kali Yuga).
Left: Original deity of Sri Sita Ramachandra Swamy. Right: Painting of the same along with Sri Lakshmana.
The Bhadrachalam Sri Sita Ramachandra Swamy temple is dedicated to Lord Sri Rama, as said above, he is a prominent avatar of the Lord Sri Vishnu.
There is no difference between Lord Sri Vishnu and any of his avatars.
The divine Bhadrachalam Sri Sita Ramachandra Swamy temple is located on the banks of the Godavari River in the auspicious town of Bhadrachalam in east Telangana, India.
This temple is usually referred to as Bhadrachalam or Bhadradri and the temple is considered –
one of the Divya (Divine) Kshetrams (Pilgrimage place) of Godavari and is also revered as Dakshina Ayodhya (South Adyodhya).
Legend of Bhadrachalam or Bhadradri
As per legend, Lord Sri Vishnu in order to fulfill the promise (Which He forgot – Remember that this is just a drama done by Lord Sri Rama, as he can’t forget anything) –
given to his devotee Bhadra (son of Meru Parvata / Mount Meru) during His avatar as Lord Sri Rama.
Thus Lord Sri Vishnu came directly from Vaikuntha and gave divya darshanam (Most divine view) –
in the form of Lord Sri Rama along with his loving consort Goddess Sri Sita Devi (An avatar of Sri Maha Lakshmi Devi).
And brother Sri Lakshmana (An avatar of Sri Aadi Shesha Naga) at this place on Bhadradri hills, and got himself manifested there at the request of his devotee Bhadra.
Thus, this place became a divine place and came to be known in the name of his devotee Bhadra as Bhadrachalam or Bhadradri.
(Here Bhadrachalam / bhadrācalam = Bhadra + achalam.)
(Here Bhadra means, Lord Sri Rama’s devotee Bhadra and ‘achalam’ means, something which is immovable, e.g., a mountain. And thus the name, भद्राचलम् / ಭದ್ರಾಚಲಮ್ / bhadrācalam.)
(Similarly, Bhadradri / bhadrādri = Bhadra + adri. Here also, Bhadra means, Lord Sri Rama’s devotee Bhadra and ‘adri’ means a mountain. And thus the name, भद्राद्रि / ಭದ್ರಾದ್ರಿ / bhadrādri.)
The most divine place where the temple has been constructed is the same place –
where Lord Sri Rama had lived along with his loving consort Sri Sita Devi during His exile in Dandakaranya on the banks of the pious river Godavari.
(Here Dandakaranya / दंडकारण्य / ದಂಡಕಾರಣ್ಯ / daṇḍakāraṇya is a place starting from the present Madhya Pradesh and continues up to the tip of south India.)
(This whole place is highly pious place and completely belongs to Lord Sri Rama.)
The uniqueness of this most divine temple is that the Lord Sri Vishnu in his hurry to fulfill the promise given to his devotee Bhadra,
came to give darshan (Divine view) carrying his Disc Sudarshana Chakra and his Conch Panchajanya Shankha in apasavya (On the other side) position.
Usually, Lord Sri Vishnu holds the Disc Sudarshana Chakra in his right hand and his Conch Panchajanya Shankha in the left hand. But here, Lord Sri Vishnu is seen holding them in an inverse position.
Another uniqueness of this most divine temple is, normally Lord Sri Sri Rama is depicted with only two hands, that is, one hand with a bow and another hand with an arrow.
While on the contrary, here Lord Sri Rama is propitiously seen with Chaturbhuja (Divine four hands) that is –
holding Disc Sudarshana Chakra and Conch Panchajanya Shankha in his upper arms,
and whereas bow and arrow in his lower arms with his lower right hand in abhaya mudra / abhaya hasta (Giving assurance of safety to his devotees).
Left: Bhadrachalam Sri Sita Ramachandra Swamy along with his consort Sri Sita Devi and brother Sri Lakshmana. Right: Lord Sri Rama showing his ‘abhaya mudra’ / ‘abhaya hasta’.
For this divine reason, Here Lord Sri Rama is called as Sri Vaikuntha Rama (Someone who has directly come from Vaikuntha for his devotee)
or Sri Rama Narayana (Lord Sri Narayana directly came from Vaikuntha for his devotee), where Lord Sri Rama is in his original form i.e., in Lord Sri Vishnu form himself.
There is also another very divinely popular legend attached to this most divine temple.
During the 17th century (1630 AD) one pious Saint called Rama Dasa (Rama Dasu) (Original name was Kancharla Gopanna),
also known as Bhakta Ramadasu or Bhadrachala Ramadasu was a great and divine devotee of Lord Sri Rama.
Rama Dasu constructed the temple at Bhadrachalam (It’s temple and not deity) and arranged for ornaments to the Lord Sri Sita Ramachandra.
Left: Lord Sri Sita Ramachandra Swamy along with Sri Sita Devi and Sri Lakshmana. Right: Ramadasu
During this time, Rama Dasu was working as a Tahsildar (Head of the town) under the Kingship of Abdul Hassan Thanisha, that is, the Nawab of Golkonda under Nizam dynasty.
At this particular juncture, Ramadasu had arranged for funds from the revenues collected for which he had to undergo imprisonment for 12 years.
This happened due to pilfering of State funds and was kept in Golkonda jail by the Nawab.
Even today one can see the proof of his imprisonment in Golkonda fort at Hyderabad and the life spent by Bhakta Ramadasu in jail.
Being a divinely and pious loyal devotee of Lord Sri Rama, the money spent by Ramadasu for the temple at Bhadrachalam was rightly repaid to the Nawab by directly Lord Sri Rama Himself who came in disguise.
Money remitted back was as high as six lakh Gold gold mohars (coins) and it was called as Rama Tankas –
having the divine symbol of Lord Sri Rama as his Sri Rama Pattabhishekam image carved on the coins which can be seen even today.
The legend proves that, Lord Sri Rama always comes to the rescue of his real devotees though initially they might have to endure due to their earlier Prarabdha Karmas (Earlier Karmas).
Bhakta Ramadasu, apart being an ardent devotee of Lord Sri Rama and the architect of the famous Bhadrachalam Sri Sita Ramachandra Swamy temple –
was also a great musician, poet, composer, philosopher, highly educated (Was a Tahsildar) etc.
The most divine Bhadrachalam or Bhadhadri temple is located at Bhadrachalam in Khammam district of the present Telangana state.
Bhadrachalam is about 300 km from Hyderabad and is sited on the banks of holy river Godavari called Goutami Ganga.
(Also known as Dakshina Ganga / Southern Ganges – Daughter of Goutama Maharshi – Another name of Ganga Devi).
Bhadrachalam temple is devoted to Lord Sri Sri Rama.
The divine temple of Bhadrachalam is also called as Dakshina Ayodhya (Southern Ayodhya) and is one of the highly important pilgrim places South India and especially Telangana.
Bhadrachalam Sri Sita Ramachandra Swamy along with his consort Sri Sita Devi and brother Sri Lakshmana.
Ramadasu, originally known as Kancharla Gopanna lived from 1620 A.D. to 1688 A.D.
As said above, Kancharla Gopanna is famously called as Bhakta Ramadasu (A devotee of Rama – Rama + Dasu) was a 17th century devotee of the Lord Sri Rama,
Ramadasu was a great musician, saint, poet, composer of Carnatic music.
Ramadasu was a famous Vaggeyakara (Classical composer) from the Telugu classical period.
Kancharla Gopanna (Ramadasu) was born in the a small village called Nelakondapalli in Khammam district, and orphaned as a teenager.
Ramadasu spent his later years in Bhadrachalam and as said above was in jail 12 years in solitary confinement at the Golconda prison during the Qutb Shahi-rule.
Ramadasu is celebrated personality for constructing the divinely auspicious temple of Lord Sri Rama, that is called as Sri Sita Ramachandra Swamy Temple.
This is one the highly pious and supremely respected pilgrimage center on the banks of river Godavari at Bhadrachalam.
Ramadasu’s devotional kirtanam (Divine songs) lyrics to Lord Sri Rama illustrate the classical –
Pallavi, Anupallavi and Caranam category composed mostly in Telugu, whereas some are in Sanskrit and with very few in Tamil language.
Ramadasu’s classical music is known as Ramadasu Keertanalu (Ramadasu’s divine songs).
Ramadasu’s songs continue to be sung at the Sri Sita Ramachandra Swamy Temple in Bhadrachalam even today.
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