What is Janardhana (Sanskrit Janardhana) name meaning

Namaste friends, how are your doing today? Bhagavan Sri Vishnu blessings to you and your family!

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu has unlimited names like Narayana, Hari, Krishna, Rama, Aniruddha, Vasudeva, Sankarshana, Mukunda, Keshava, Hrishikesha, Govinda, Gopala, etc.

Janardana (Janardhana) (जनार्दन / ಜನಾರ್ದನ / janārdana) is another highly auspicious name of Bhagavan Sri Vishnu and we can find this divine name as the 126th name in Sri Vishnu Sahasranama stotram. In Bhagavad Gita Arjuna uses this divine name of Janardana to address Bhagavan Sri Krishna.

The divine name Janardana also appears as one of the ‘Chaturvimshati Nama’ (Divine 24 names).

Now, let’s know the meaning of this divine name “Janardana”:

In Bhagavad Gita (Chapter 1 shloka 44, Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is called with this divine name Janardana:

उत्सन्नकुलधर्माणां मनुष्याणां जनार्दन
नरके‌உनियतं वासो भवतीत्यनुशुश्रुम ॥ 1-44 ॥

ಉತ್ಸನ್ನಕುಲಧರ್ಮಾಣಾಂ ಮನುಷ್ಯಾಣಾಂ ಜನಾರ್ದನ |
ನರಕೇ‌உನಿಯತಂ ವಾಸೋ ಭವತೀತ್ಯನುಶುಶ್ರುಮ || 1-44 ||

utsannakuladharmāṇāṁ manuṣyāṇāṁ janārdana |
narakē‌uniyataṁ vāsō bhavatītyanuśuśruma || 1-44 ||

Here, Arjuna is addressing Bhagavan Sri Krishna as janārdana (Janardana).

Translation: O Janardana (Bhagavan Sri Krishna), I (Arjuna) have heard from the learned people that those who destroy family traditions will dwell in naraka (hell) for an indefinite period of time.

Also in another shloka of the Bhagavad Gita, that is, chapter 3, Shloka 1 we can observe that Arjuna addressing Bhagavan Sri Krishna as Janardana:

ज्यायसी चेत्कर्मणस्ते मता बुद्धिर्जनार्दन
तत्किं कर्मणि घोरे मां नियोजयसि केशव ॥ 3-1 ॥

ಜ್ಯಾಯಸೀ ಚೇತ್ಕರ್ಮಣಸ್ತೇ ಮತಾ ಬುದ್ಧಿರ್ಜನಾರ್ದನ |
ತತ್ಕಿಂ ಕರ್ಮಣಿ ಘೋರೇ ಮಾಂ ನಿಯೋಜಯಸಿ ಕೇಶವ || 3-1 ||

jyāyasī cētkarmaṇastē matā bud’dhirjanārdana |
tatkiṁ karmaṇi ghōrē māṁ niyōjayasi kēśava || 3-1 ||

Here also, Arjuna is addressing Bhagavan Sri Krishna as janārdana (Janardana).

Translation: O Janardana, O Keshava, why do You (Bhagavan Sri Krishna) wish me (Arjuna) to engage in this dreadful warfare, if You (Bhagavan Sri Krishna) think that intelligence is better than fruitive work?

From these two shlokas, it is very clear that Bhagavan Sri Vishnu / Bhagavan Sri Krishna is same as Bhagavan Sri Janardana.

All the different divine names like Vishnu, Krishna, Janardana, Rama, Hari etc are the same, but with different meaning.

Here, janārdana = jana + ardana.

Usually ‘jana’ means the common people. But this has another meaning called ‘janana’ (birth) and ‘ardana’ means destroying.

Thus ‘janārdana’ is someone who destroys our ‘janma’ (Suffering birth of this sansar) and blesses us to be ‘janmarahitya’, that is, janmarahitya means, janma = life, rahitya = without.

This means, Janardana makes us free from this suffering on this earth and will make us to get ready to send to the most divine abode Vaikuntha.

Janardana makes us to not to take another (rahitya) life (janma). This is the inner meaning of the name Janardana.

Let’s know another meaning:

janārdana is the one who protects common people, that is, his devotees from evil.

This quality of Bhagavan Sri Vishnu we can find in ‘Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram’. Here Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is eulogized as ‘janārdana’ in shloka 14.

सर्वगः सर्व विद्भानुर्विष्वक्सेनो जनार्दनः
वेदो वेदविदव्यङ्गो वेदाङ्गो वेदवित्कविः ॥ 14 ॥

ಸರ್ವಗಃ ಸರ್ವ ವಿದ್ಭಾನುರ್ವಿಷ್ವಕ್ಸೇನೋ ಜನಾರ್ದನಃ
ವೇದೋ ವೇದವಿದವ್ಯಂಗೋ ವೇದಾಂಗೋ ವೇದವಿತ್ಕವಿಃ ॥ 14 ॥

sarvagaḥ sarva vidbhānurviṣvaksēnō janārdanaḥ
vēdō vēdavidavyaṅgō vēdāṅgō vēdavitkaviḥ॥ 14॥

Meaning: sarvagah: All-pervading; sarvavid-bhaanuh: All-knowing and effulgent; vishvaksenah: He against whom no army can stand; janaardanah: He who gives joy to good people (His devotees); vedah:

He who is the Vedas; vedavid: The knower of the Vedas; avyangah: Without imperfections; vedaangah: He whose limbs are the Vedas; vedavit: He who contemplates upon the Vedas; kavih: The seer.

Also in ‘Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram’ Phala Shruthi Arjuna addresses Bhagavan Sri Krishna as:

| अर्जुन उवाच |

पद्मपत्र विशालाक्ष पद्मनाभ सुरोत्तम ।
भक्ताना मनुरक्तानां त्राता भव जनार्दन ॥ 23 ॥

| ಅರ್ಜುನ ಉವಾಚ |

ಪದ್ಮಪತ್ರ ವಿಶಾಲಾಕ್ಷ ಪದ್ಮನಾಭ ಸುರೋತ್ತಮ ।
ಭಕ್ತಾನಾ ಮನುರಕ್ತಾನಾಂ ತ್ರಾತಾ ಭವ ಜನಾರ್ದನ ॥ 23 ॥

| arjuna uvāca |

padmapatra viśālākṣa padmanābha surōttama।
bhaktānā manuraktānāṁ trātā bhava janārdana॥ 23॥

This also means, he is someone who will clear our ‘bhava’ (material life) and he is the one who will show us the way for us to get ready to go to the most divine Vaikuntha (Full shloka meaning not given. Only Janardana meaning given).

Janardana in the ‘Pitru Yagna’:

In the ‘Pitru Yagna’, Janardana form of Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is the ‘Shraaddha Swamy’, that is, he is the Supreme God of श्राद्ध / Shraaddha [A divine ceremony in the honour and for the benefit of deceased relative(s)].

Janardana is someone who exists in his ‘moola roopas’ (Original form) of Pradyumna-Sankarshana-Vasudeva as अन्तर्यामी / Antaryami of Vasu-Rudra-Aadityas in पितृ / Pitrus and as Aniruddha in कर्तु / Kartr.

Janardana as the अन्तर्यामी / antaryami of Vishvedevatas, he protects the कर्तु / Kartr, भोक्तृ / Bhoktr, invited Brahmins etc. from various hurdles during श्राद्ध / Shraaddha Karma [A divine ceremony in the honour and for the benefit of deceased relative(s)].

Janardana’s shloka in requesting forgiveness for one’s Offence (क्षमा-प्रार्थना-मंत्र / ಕ್ಷೆಮೆಯ ಪ್ರಾರ್ಥನೆಯ ಮಂತ್ರ):

मंत्र-हीनं क्रिया-हीनं भक्ति-हीनं जनार्दन
यत्पूजितं मया देव परिपूर्णं तदस्तु मे ।।

ಮಂತ್ರ-ಹೀನಂ ಕ್ರಿಯಾ-ಹೀನಂ ಭಕ್ತಿ-ಹೀನಂ ಜನಾರ್ದನ
ಯತ್ಪೂಜಿತಂ ಮಯಾ ದೇವ ಪರಿಪೂರ್ಣಂ ತದಸ್ತು ಮೇ ।।

mantra-hīnaṁ kriyā-hīnaṁ bhakti-hīnaṁ janārdana
yatpūjitaṁ mayā dēva paripūrṇaṁ tadastu mē ।।

Usually all the ‘pooja vidhanas’ (Method of worship) ends with this ‘kshama prarthana’ (Requesting forgiveness). This is basically to make ourselves free of all the offences which is done knowingly and / or unknowingly by us during the pooja (Worship), mantra, neivedyam (Divine food for God), etc.

Shloka meaning: O my God, O Janardana, whatever limited pooja that has been performed by me, although may be without devotion, without proper mantras, and without the proper performance, please let that become complete.

Janardana meaning in ‘Chaturvimshati nama’ (24 Divine names):

|| (प्रलय काले सर्वान्) जनान्, समस्त लोकान् अर्दति लयं करोति इति ||

।। (ಪ್ರಳಯ ಕಾಲೇ ಸರ್ವಾನ್) ಜನಾನ್, ಸಮಸ್ತ ಲೋಕಾನ್ ಅರ್ದತಿ ಲಯಂ ಕರೋತಿ ಇತಿ ।।

|| (Praḷaya kālē sarvān) janān, samasta lōkān ardati layaṁ karōti iti ||

Shloka meaning: Janardana – Here Janardana means, he is someone who annihilates the entire creation (Including humans) at the time of ‘maha pralaya’ (Great tribulation).

More information will be added to this. Please visit after some time.

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