Karmanye vadhikaraste Bhagavad Gita shloka meaning

Namaste friends, how are you doing today? Bhagavan Sri Vishnu blessings to you and your family!

Karma is very important factor in anyone’s life. Karma starts as soon as we wake up in the morning. All the works, duties etc. we perform everyday will automatically be called as Karma.

What we talk, what we eat, what we drink, what we see, what we touch etc. all are called as Karmas.

Karma is a Sanskrit word, which basically means work, duty, action, deed etc. The Sanskrit term Karma also refers to the spiritual principle of cause and effect, often illustratively called as the principle of Karma.

The intent and actions of an individual always influence the future of that individual good intent. Thus, any good deed(s) contribute to good Karma and happier rebirths, while bad Karma or bad intent will contribute to bad Karma and bad rebirths.

Now, let us take the Bhagavad Gita chapter 2 shloka no. 47 : Karmanyevadhikaraste…

कर्मण्येवाधिकारस्ते मा फलेषु कदाचन।
मा कर्मफलहेतुर्भुर्मा ते संगोऽस्त्वकर्मणि॥ 2-47 ॥

ಕರ್ಮಣ್ಯೇವಾಧಿಕಾರಸ್ತೇ ಮಾ ಫಲೇಷು ಕದಾಚನ ।
ಮಾ ಕರ್ಮಫಲಹೇತುರ್ಭೂರ್ಮಾ ತೇ ಸಂಗೋSಸ್ತ್ವಕರ್ಮಣಿ ॥ 2-47 ॥

karmaṇyēvādhikārastē mā phalēṣu kadācana।
mā karmaphalahēturbhūrmā tē saṅgōSstvakarmaṇi॥ 2-47॥

Translation:

karmaṇye = The recommended (prescribed) responsibilities; eva = Definitely; adhikārah = right; te = Of you; = Never; phalēṣu = In the fruits; kadācana = At any time; = Never; karma phala = The result of the works done; hētuh = Cause; bhūr = Become; = Never; tē = Of you; saṅgah = Attachment; astu = Be there; akarmaṇi = In not performing.

Basic meaning:

This is said by Bhagavan Sri Krishna to his beloved devotee and friend Arjuna: “You (Arjuna) have every right to perform your recommended (prescribed) responsibilities, but you (Arjuna) are not definitely entitled for the fruits of your own action (works).

Never ever think that you are your own cause of the results of your activities, and never be attached with the works performed by you, just think it is your duty (duties).”

Deep and inside meaning:

Immediately after doing our Karma(s), that is, good deeds, works, duties etc., expecting fruits shows that we are purely an egoist person and want everything to happen very fast and immediately.

Without expecting the fruits of our works when we do our Karma(s), the fruits Bhagavan Sri Krishna gives is divine, unlimited and definitely we would have never expected that output too.

Doing karma without expecting fruit(s), will result in enormous amount of happiness, bliss, pleasure, delight, joy, etc. and definitely the true satisfaction.

Remember the Sudama Brahmin story: Sudama Brahmin and his family was performing all the Dharma works from the time they woke up and until they were sleeping.

But, they never ever were expecting any fruits and / or output from those Karmas. Especially Sudama Brahmin was an ardent bhakta / devotee of Bhagavan Sri Krishna and was at no time he expected any fruits and / or output of his Karmas (works, duties, etc.).

Then, one day with his wife’s suggestion goes and meet Bhagavan Sri Krishna. Earlier Sudama Brahmin’s wife had begged for one handful of “Flattened Rice” (Poha / Avalakki) from her neighbour.

Sudama Brahmin did the samarpana (Divinely serving / offering) of that same flattened rice to Bhagavan Sri Krishna without expecting anything from Bhagavan Sri Krishna.

Even Bhagavan Sri Krishna in front of Sudama Brahmin acts as if he is not giving anything to Sudama Brahmin.

But when Sudama Brahmin reaches his village, he sees a huge mahal (Divine palace) was erected in the place of his old hut.

Not only that, even all the Sudama Brahmin’s neighbouring houses had been changed to huge mahals in the place of old huts. This is the greatness and kindness of our Bhagavan Sri Krishna.

Here most important and main point to be noted is that, Sudama Brahmin was a poor man and thus everyday he was asking for alms from his neighbours.

Since all his neighbours were also providing alms to him, Bhagavan Sri Krishna not only gave the fruits to Sudama Brahmin and his family, but even to all his neighbours too. This is the true essence of this shloka.

Just perform your duties and never expect any fruits and / or output from your Karmas (works, duties etc.), Bhagavan Sri Krishna knows when to give and how much fruits to give for your Karmas. JUST PERFORM THE KARMAS WITHOUT EXPECTING ANY FRUITS.

You have the freedom to do your Karma(s), without expecting the fruits out of it. According to your Karmas, I (Bhagavan Sri Krishna) will provide the fruits for you.

How meaningful the above shloka is. Just perform your Karmas, you will definitely gain all the fruits as per your Karmas, there is no question about this.

But most of us are not like that, we want the evil works, but we want good fruits out of it, how is it possible?

We go to different devalayas (temples), mathas, etc. to see Bhagavan Sri Krishna and other Devatas. But there, we see all the unwanted things other than Bhagavan Sri Krishna and other Devatas (Demigods). This should be completely avoided.

After this, if something bad or incorrect happens to us, we will lash out at the God itself. We will tell, even after coming to devalaya (temple), this bad or incorrect thing has happened to us.

We will start to tell:

Why should we go to devalaya (temple)?

What is the use of going to devalaya (temple)?

Even after performing all our duties, what have we gained by visiting devalaya (temple)?

Even after doing pooja (worship), what have we gained?

etc. etc. etc.

Off course, all these are completely incorrect things to do. This shows our ignorance towards Dharma and worshipping Bhagavan Sri Krishna and other Devatas.

The duty or duties that comes to your side, you just handle it neatly and correctly, that’s enough. How you eat your food everyday, you just perform your Karmas in the same way.

Do not look at the Karmas of the bad people, instead watch out the Karmas performed by good people. Increase your knowledge, increase your goodness, etc.

Do not see the Karmas of the lawlessness and unworthy people. Do not see the Karmas of dishonest people, do not watch the Karmas of corrupt people, do not follow the people who make money in the incorrect way, do not follow a so called leader who acts as it he / she is trying very hard for the upliftment of the people, etc.

If you are doing the right works as per Dharma, you will automatically get the fruits as per your good Karmas. No question about it.

You must be aware that, the Gomaata (Cows) just eats the simple grass and never asks Bhagavan Sri Krishna to provide her the tasty foods, never.

For this reason, worldwide Gomaata (Cows) has lots of respect, both materially and spiritually.

Whereas the beast will be inside a cave, it will be planning when to attack it’s prey. It will kill that prey and will eat that prey. A Beast never ever things of the prey. It just want to fulfill it’s expectations and nothing.

Thus, we should note that the fruits Bhagavan Sri Krishna gives is a like ‘amrita kshira’ (Divine milk) for the Dharma followers.

Similarly, the Adharmis (people who don’t follow Dharma) will also gain the fruits, but surely it will be very hard for them to digest the fruits at the end.

Thus, we should always only Dharma works and not the Adharma works.

If you want good fruits, follow Dharma.

There is a good saying in Indian languages:

In Kannada, ಮಾಡಿದ್ ಉಣ್ಣೋ ಮಹಾರಾಯ (māḍid uṇṇō mahārāya)

In Hindi, जैसी करनी वैसी भरनी (jaisee karanee vaisee bharanee)

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Bhagavad Gita on Bhagavan Bhakthi

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