List of Hindu texts names – Part 2 of 4 (With basic information) (scriptures) (Granthas) (Holy Books) (treatise)
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Just before going to “List of Hindu texts names – Part 2 of 4 (With basic information) (scriptures) (Granthas) (Holy Books) (treatise)“, let us know a brief, basic and very important information.
This is been continued from “List of Hindu texts names (scriptures) (Granthas) (Holy Books) (treatise) – Part 1”
2(38). Nadabindu Upanishad : Nadabindu Upanishad in Sanskrit is written as नादबिन्दोपनिषद् (nādabindōpaniṣad) (नादबिन्दु उपनिषद्) (nādabindu upaniṣad).
Sometimes, this Upanishad is also known as ‘Amrita-Nada-Bindu Upanishad‘. In Sanskrit it is written as अमृतनादबिन्दोपनिषद् (amr̥tanādabindōpaniṣad).
The Nadabindu Upanishad is composed in poetic style. The text Nadabindu Upanishad opens with a metaphorical comparison of Atman (Soul, Self) as a Hamsa (Hansa) bird (swan).
This texts compares both to the ॐ (ōṁ) symbol and the Samkhya (Sankhya) theory of three Gunas.
Also, this scriptures asserts true Yoga involves meditation and renunciation from all attachments to material things.
2(39). Dhyanabindu Upanishad : In Sanskrit Dhyanabindu Upanishad is written as ध्यानबिन्दू उपनिषतद् (dhyānabindu upaniṣatad) (ध्यानबिन्दोपनिषतद्) (dhyānabindōpaniṣatad).
Dhyanabindu Upanishad talks about the meditation in Yoga. It narrates that silence during meditation is prompting of the infinite subtleness.
Also Dhyanabindu Upanishad gives importance about an Atman (soul) in every living being, and that a Yogi must explore to understand both the part as well as the whole of everything.
2(40). Brahmavidya Upanishad : In Sanskrit Brahmavidya Upanishad is written as ब्रह्मविद्या उपनिषद् (brahmavidyā upaniṣad) (ब्रह्मविद्योपनिषद्) (brahmavidōpaniṣad).
Brahmavidya Upanishad narrates that ॐ (ōṁ) is Brahman (supreme reality).
The Brahmavidya Upanishad mainly describes the form of ॐ (ōṁ), features of the sound ॐ (ōṁ), its placement, its start and end, and the importance of the Laya (rhythm) (disappearance of ॐ (ōṁ) sound).
2(41). Yogatattva Upanishad : In Sanskrit Yogatattva Upanishad is written as योगतत्त्व उपनिषद् (yōgatattva upaniṣad) (योगतत्त्वोपनिषद्) (yōgatattvōpaniṣad).
Yogatattva Upanishad shares the suggestions with the योगसूत्र (Yogasutra), हथ योग (Hatha Yoga), and कुण्डलिनि योग (Kundalini Yoga).
Similarly, Yogatattva Upanishad includes a dialogue of four styles of yoga, that is, मन्त्र योग (Mantra Yoga), लय योग (Laya Yoga), हथ योग (Hatha yoga) and राज योग (Raja Yoga).
2(42). Atmabodha Upanishad : In Sanskrit Atmabodha Upanishad is written as आत्मबोध उपनिषद् (ātmabōdha upaniṣad) (आत्मबोधोपनिषद्) (ātmabōdhōpaniṣad).
Atmabodha Upanishad starts with a shloka (hymn) about Lord Sri Vishnu (Narayana). Eventually it focuses on its crucial theme of Atmabodha, that is, about “State of knowledge of the inner self“.
The Atmabodha Upanishad continues to speak about the “antar brahman“, that is, the innermost Lord Sri Vishnu (Brahman) (irrevocable reality).
2(43). Naradaparivrajaka Upanishad : In Sanskrit it is written as नारदपरिव्राजक उपनिषद् (nāradaparivrājaka upaniṣad) (नारदपरिव्राजकोपनिषद्) (nāradaparivrājakōpaniṣad).
Naradaparivrajaka Upanishad explains the rites of passage in relationship with renunciation and the life of a monastic path as a sannyasi (sanyasi) in Sanatana Dharma (Hinduism) Ashrama (Ashram) tradition.
2(44). Trishikhabrahmana (Trishikhibrahmana) Upanishad : In Sanskrit Trishikhabrahmana Upanishad is written as त्रिशिखब्राह्मण उपनिषद् (triśikhabrāhmaṇa upaniṣad) (त्रिशिखब्राह्मणोपनिषद्) (triśikhabrāhmaṇōpaniṣad).
The Trishikhabrahmana Upanishad talks about the non-relative nature of the metaphysical reality of Brahman (Lord Sri Vishnu), Atman (soul), and explains eight limb yoga as a means to self-knowledge.
2(45). Sita Upanishad : In Sanskrit Sita Upanishad is written as सीता उपनिषद् (sītā upaniṣad) (सीतोपनिषद्) (sītōpaniṣad).
In Sita Upanishad Goddess Sri Sita Devi is praised as the Supreme Reality (After Lord Sri Vishnu) of the Universe (Brahman), the basis of Being (Spirituality), and material cause behind all manifestation.
The Sita Upanishad recognizes Goddess Sri Sita Devi as the primordial प्रकृति (Prakriti) (nature) and her three powers, asserts the text, are manifested in daily life as will इच्छा (ichha) (wish), क्रिया (kriyā) action and ज्ञान (jnana) (gyan) (knowledge).
2(46). Yogachudamani Upanishad : In Sanskrit Yogachudamani Upanishad is written as योगचूडामणि उपनिषद् (yōgacūḍāmaṇi upaniṣad) (योगचूडामणोपनिषद्) (yōgacūḍāmaṇōpaniṣad).
The Yogachudamani Upanishad narrates about the goal to attain the Kaivalya (Moksha / Liberation).
This text of Yogachudamani Upanishad also explains about the following:
Kundalini yoga including a discussion of चक्र (chakras) (energy centers), नाडी (nadis) (blood and energy vessels), प्राण वायु (prana vayus) (life force air), मुद्रा (mudras) (various forms) and शक्ति (shakti) (power).
2(47). Nirvana Upanishad : In Sanskrit Nirvana Upanishad is written as निर्वाण उपनिषद् (निर्वाणोपनिषद्) (nirvāṇōpaniṣad).
Nirvana Upanishad explains about the Sannyasi (Sanyasi) (renouncer) (Hindu Monk), his ‘bahiranga stithi‘ (external state), his ‘antaranga stithi‘ (inner state).
2(48). Mandala Brahmana Upanishad : In Sanskrit Mandala Brahmana Upanishad is written as मण्डलब्राह्मण उपनिषद् (maṇḍalabrāhmaṇa upaniṣad) (मण्डलब्राह्मणोपनिषद्) (maṇḍalabrāhmaṇōpaniṣad).
Mandala Brahmana Upanishad explains Yoga as a path to self-knowledge, that is, the supreme wisdom.
Mandala Brahmana Upanishad is about the teaching of Lord Narayana (Vishnu / Purusha) to Rishi Yajnavalkya.
2(49). Dakshinamurti Upanishad : In Sanskrit Dakshinamurti Upanishad is written as दक्षिणामूर्ति उपनिषद् (dakṣiṇāmūrti upaniṣad) (दक्षिणामूर्तोपनिषद्) (dakṣiṇāmūrtōpaniṣad).
Dakshinamurti Upanishad narrates about the Lord Shiva as Dakshinamurti, an aid to the liberating knowledge that Lord Shiva is within oneself as Atman (self, soul), and everything one does in daily life is an offering to the Lord Shiva.
[Dakshinamurti = Dakshina + Murti = Towards right side + Lord Sri Vishnu = He (Lord Shiva) is someone who always worships Lord Sri Vishnu, who stays on the right side of Lord Shiva.]
2(50). Sharabha Upanishad : In Sanskrit Sharabha Upanishad is written as शरभ उपनिषद् (śarabha upaniṣad) (शरभोपनिषद्) (śarabhōpaniṣad).
Sharabha Upanishad praises Lord Shiva as the Lord of the world who incarnates himself as a Sharabha, that is, as a human-lion-bird form.
2(51). Skanda Upanishad : In Sanskrit Skanda Upanishad is written as स्कंद उपनिषद् (skanda upaniṣad) (स्कंदोपनिषद्) (skandōpaniṣad).
Skanda Upanishad is narrated by Lord Kartikeya (Skanda). The Skanda Upanishad describes that Skanda is the ultimate reality called Brahman.
Lord Skanda in this Upanishad of Skanda Upanishad is also described as consciousness, Atman (soul, self), and Lord Shiva.
(Note : We should always remember that all the names like Skanda, Shiva, Brahma, Lakshmi, Indra, etc. etc. etc. are the names of Lord Sri Vishnu himself.)
(And thus Lord Sri Vishnu is always the Supreme and this is the inner meaning of the above.)
2(52). Mahanarayana Upanishad : In Sanskrit Mahanarayana Upanishad is written as महानारायण उपनिषद् (mahānārāyaṇa upaniṣad) (महानारायणोपनिषद्) (mahānārāyaṇōpaniṣad).
Mahanarayana Upanishad glorifies both Lord Narayana (Vishnu) and Lord Sri Rudra Deva (Shiva), as the Brahman (Supreme Lord).
2(53). Advayataraka (Advaya Taraka) Upanishad : In Sanskrit this text is written as अद्वयतारक उपनिषद् (advayatāraka upaniṣad) (अद्वयतारकोपनिषद्) (advayatārakōpaniṣad).
Advayataraka Upanishad discusses about Guru (teacher). This text talks about the three goals of introspection, Taraka yoga and the advaita (nondual) nature of Reality (Brahman).
The Advayatarka Upanishad also mentions about maya (illusion).
2(54). Rama Rahasya Upanishad : Rama Rahasya Upanishad in Sanskrit is written as राम रहस्य उपनिषद् (rāma rahasya upaniṣad) (रामरहस्योपनिषद्) (rāmarahasyōpaniṣad).
This Rama Rahastya Upanishad is exclusively devoted to the Lord Sri Rama. The Rama Rahasya Upanishad is recited by Lord Hanuman.
Lord Hanuman says that Lord Sri Rama is the supreme Brahman and is the सचिदानन्द मूर्ति (satcitananda murti).
2(55). Rama Tapaniya Upanishad : In Sanskrit this text name is written as राम तापिनिय उपनिषद् (rāma tāpiniya upaniṣad) (रामतापिनियोपनिषद्) (rāmatāpiniyōpaniṣad).
Rama Tapaniya Upanishad is in two parts, that is, the initial part is known as ‘Rama Purva Tapaniya Upanishad‘ and the later part is known as ‘Rama Uttara Tapaniya Upanishad‘.
Including both of the above will make the full Rama Tapaniya Upanishad. This texts narrates Lord Sri Rama as as the Atman (soul, self) and the Brahman (Supreme Reality).
2(56). Vasudeva Upanishad : In Sanskrit Vasudeva Upanishad is written as वासुदेव उपनिषद् (vāsudēva upaniṣad) (वासुदेवोपनिषद्) (vāsudēvōpaniṣad).
Once Devarishi Narada visited the Lord Sri Krishna (Vasudeva) and asked Lord Sri Krishna about the directions of ‘Urdhva Pundra‘, that is, about the Vaishnava tilaka.
(Note : Urdhva Pundra means the upward (Urdhva) three lines which many Vaishnavas apply on their forehead and also on different parts of the body.)
2(57). Mudgala Upanishad : In Sanskrit Mudgala Upanishad is written as मुद्गल उपनिषद् (mudgala upaniṣad) (मुद्गलोपनिषद्) (mudgalōpaniṣad).
This text of Mudgala Upanishad discusses about the Purusha Sukta of Rigveda.
As per Mudgala Upanishad Lord Narayana (Vishnu) is the Brahman (Supreme God) and he created the universe, then became himself the Atman (soul) in individual living beings.
2(58). Shandilya Upanishad : In Sanskrit Shandilya Upanishad is written as शाण्डिल्य उपनिषद् (śāṇḍilya upaniṣad) (शाण्डिल्योपनिषद्) (śāṇḍilyōpaniṣad).
The Shandilya Upanishad mainly explains about Yoga techniques. And this text is among the most detailed in the Upanishad that is dedicated to Yoga (Yogasana).
Shandilya Upanishad explains about the 10 Yamas (ethical don’ts), 10 Niyamas (ethical to do list) and 8 Asanas (Yogasana postures).
And also it describes about the 3 Pranayamas (Breathing Yogasanas), 5 Pratyaharas, 5 Dharana, 2 Dhyanas (meditation) and also about one Samadhi.
2(59). Paingala Upanishad : In Sanskrit Paingala Upanishad is written as पैङ्गल उपनिषद् (paiṅgala upaniṣad) (पैङ्गलोपनिषद्) (paiṅgalōpaniṣad).
Paingala Upanishad is presented as a dialogue from the Vedic Rishi Yajnavalkya to his student Paingala.
Paingala was a student of Rishi Yajnavalkya for 12 years. The Paingala Upanishad states from the Vedas, about the Principal Upanishads such as the Katha (कठ) Upanishad and early medieval era Smriti texts.
2(60). Bhikshuka Upanishad : In Sanskrit Bhikshuka Upanishad is written as भिक्षुक उपनिषद् (bhikṣuka upaniṣad) (भिक्षुकोपनिषद्) (bhikṣukōpaniṣad).
Here, Bhikshuka = mendicant or Hindu Monk, that is, a “Monk (Bhikshu) who lives entirely on alms“.
Bhikshuka Upanishad explains 4 kinds of Sannyasis (Sanyasis), about their eating habits and also about their lifestyle.
2(61). Mahada (Maha) Upanishad : In Sanskrit it is written as महद (महा) उपनिषद् (mahada (mahā) upaniṣad) (महदोपनिषद्) (mahadōpaniṣad) (महोपनिषद्) (mahōpaniṣad).
This Mahada (Maha) Upanishad explains Lord Sri Vishnu as the Supreme Personality.
This is that Upanishad which teaches about “वसुधैव कुतुम्बकं” (“Vasudaiva Kutumbakam“), that is, “Whole world is one family“.
2(62). Shariraka Upanishad : Shariraka (Sariraka) Upanishad in Sanskrit is written as शारीरक उपनिषद् (śārīraka upaniṣad) (शारीरकोपनिषद्) (śārīrakōpaniṣad).
Shariraka Upanishad and also the Garbha Upanishad, gives importance about the relation between ‘manushya anga‘ (human body) and ‘manushya atma‘ (human soul), where and how one relates to the other, and what happens to each at birth and after death.
2(63). Yogashikha Upanishad : In Sanskrit this Upanishad is written as योगशिखा उपनिषद् (yōgaśikhā upaniṣad) (योगशिखोपनिषद्) (yōgaśikhōpaniṣad).
The Yogashikha Upanishad is written in the poetic style. This text discusses about the role of yoga in achieving Moksha (Liberation), that is, while living (Jivanmukta) itself, but it contrasts to Videhamukti (liberation in afterlife).
The first chapter asserts ॐ (ōṁ) to be ‘Mula Mantra’ (original mantra), and explains ॐ (ōṁ) to be part masculine Shiva and part feminine Shakti.
2(64). Turiyatitavadhuta (Turiyatita Avdhuta) Upanishad : In simple words this text is also known as Turiyatita Upanishad.
In Sanskrit this text is written as तुरीयातीत अवधूत उपनिषद् (turīyātīta avadhūta upaniṣad) (तुरीयातीतावधूतोपनिषद्) (turīyātītāvadhūtōpaniṣad).
This Upanishad explains about the nature and life of a self-realized Sannyasi (Sanyasi) (Hindu Monk) called Turiyatita-Avadhuta.
Literally this means, a totally freed man, also called a अवधूत (avadhūta) or जीवन्मुक्त (jīvanmukta).
2(65). Brihat Sannyasa Upanishads : In simple words this text is known as संन्यास उपनिषद् (sann’yāsa upaniṣad) (संन्यासोपनिषद्) (sann’yāsōpaniṣad).
In Sanskrit Brihat Sannyasa Upanishad is written as बृहत् संन्यास उपनिषद् (br̥hat sann’yāsa upaniṣad) (बृहत् संन्यासोपनिषद्) (br̥hat sann’yāsōpaniṣad).
This text explains about Sannyasi (Sanyasi) (Renouncer), about his various characters and his state of existence as he leads the Sannyasa (Ascetic) life in the Ashrama tradition.
2(66). Paramahamsa Parivrajaka Upanishad : In Sanskrit this text is written as परमहम्स परिव्रजक उपनिषद् (paramahansa parivrajaka upaniṣad) (परमहम्सपरिव्रजकोपनिषद्) (paramahansaparivrājakōpaniṣad).
This Paramahamsa parivrajaka Upanishad mentions about the Sannyasa in the context of Varna (classes), and explains about the Sannyasi (Hamsas) (Ascetics) as wandering birds.
These Sannyasis pick up food wherever they can find it.
These Sannyasi (Paramahamsas) (Highest Ascetics) beg for food and water from all four castes without discrimination (But these four castes people should follow the right Dharma).
2(67). Akshamalika Upanishad : In simples words Akshamalika Upanishad is also known as Malika Upanishad.
In Sanskrit this Upanishad is written as अक्षमालिका उपनिषद् (akṣamālikā upaniṣad) (अक्षमालिकोपनिषद्) (akṣamālikōpaniṣad).
Akshamalika Upanishad explains about अक्षमाला (akṣamālā) (rosary) and its significance during in japa (meditation).
The Akshamalika Upanishad talks about various types of rosaries, their importance, the relevant mantras, and the symbolism.
2(68). Avyakta Upanishad : In Sanskrit Avyakta Upanishad is written as अव्यक्त उपनिषद् (avyakta upaniṣad) (अव्यक्तोपनिषद्) (avyaktōpaniṣad).
This Avyakta Upanishad explains about cosmology, how the universe evolved after creation, asserting the premise of Rigveda’s नासदीय सूक्त (nāsadīya sūkta).
2(69). Ekakshara Upanishad : In Sanskrit this text is written as एकाक्षर उपनिषद् (ēkākṣara upaniṣad) (एकाक्षरोपनिषद्) (ēkākṣarōpaniṣad).
This Ekakshara Upanishad talks about the प्रणव मन्त्र ॐ (ōṁ) (Pranava Mantra Om) as the Supreme Reality Brahman.
ॐ (ōṁ) is equated as the imperishable truth and sound, the source of the universe, that is, Lord Sri Narayana (Vishnu), the Atman (soul) that resides in everyone’s heart.
2(70). Annapurna Upanishad : In Sanskrit it is written as अन्नपूर्णा उपनिषद् (annapūrṇa upaniṣad) (अन्नपुर्णोपनिषद्) (annapūrṇōpaniṣad).
This Upanishad explains about the five types of delusions, asserting the Vedanta doctrine.
The Annapurna Upanishad says about Jivanmukti, that is, achieving freedom in the life, and the characteristics of those who reach self-knowledge.
2(71). Surya Upanishad : In Sanskrit Surya Upanishad is written as सूर्य उपनिषद् (sūrya upaniṣad) (सूर्योपनिषद्) (sūryōpaniṣad).
In this Surya Upanishad, Atharvangiras to whom the Atharvaveda is attributed, extols the virtues of Lord Sri Surya Deva (Sun god).
This texts mentions Lord Sri Surya’s antaryami, that is, Lord Sri SuryaNarayana (Lord Sri Vishnu) is the ultimate truth and reality Brahman (Lord Sri Vishnu).
Surya Upanishad, asserts the text, Lord Sri SuryaNarayana (Lord Sri Vishnu) is the creator, protector, and destroyer of the universe.
2(72). Akshi Upanishad : In Sanskrit Akshi Upanishad is written as अक्षि उपनिषद् (akṣi upaniṣad) (अक्षोपनिषद्) (akṣōpaniṣad).
Akshi Upanishad talks about the Caksusmati Vidya and also discusses about Atman, Brahman, Yoga, seven steps to reach a dispassionate view of life and freedom, and the प्रणव मन्त्र (praṇava mantra), that is, ॐ (ōṁ) mantra.
2(73). Adhyatma Upanishad : In Sanskrit this text is written as अध्यात्म उपनिषद् (adhyātma upaniṣad) (अध्यात्मोपनिषद्) (adhyātmōpaniṣad).
This Upanishad explanins about the eternal form of Brahman (Lord Sri Vishnu), the unborn (Aja) (Lord Sri Vishnu) one who remains within the recess of the heart.
2(74). Kundika Upanishad : In Sanskrit this text is written as कुण्डिका उपनिषद् (kuṇḍikā upaniṣad) (कुण्डिकोपनिषद्) (kuṇḍikōpaniṣad).
The Kundika Upanishad talks about when and how someone may become a Sannyasi (Renouncer).
2(75). Savitri Upanishad : In Sanskrit Savitri Upanishad is written as सावित्री उपनिषद् (sāvitrī upaniṣad) (सावित्रोपनिषद्) (sāvitrōpaniṣad).
The Savitri Upanishad narrates about the Savitri Vidya (Lord Sri Surya / Surya’s light knowledge).
This Upanishad says that everything in the universe is a manifestation of the masculine Savitru (Lord Sri Surya Narayana) and also elaborates about the Gayatri Mantra.
[Note : Here Lord Sri Surya Narayana means the ‘antaryami‘ (present inside) of Lord Sri Surya, that is, Lord Sri Narayana (Vishnu).]
2(76). Atma Upanishad : In Sanskrit Atma Upanishad is written as आत्मा उपनिषद् (ātmā upaniṣad) (आत्मोपनिषद्) (ātmōpaniṣad).
This text of Atma Upanishad explains about three types of Atma (Self), that is, बाह्य आत्म (bāhya ātma) (External self), अन्तर आत्म (antara ātmā) (Inner self) and परम आत्म (parama ātma) (Supreme self / Brahman / Lord Sri Vishnu).
2(77). Pashupatabrahma Upanishad : This text in simple words is written as Pashupata Upanishad.
In Sanskrit this Upanishad is written as पाशुपतब्रह्म उपनिषद् (pāśupatabrahma upaniṣad) (पाशुपतब्रह्मोपनिषद्) (pāśupatabrahmōpaniṣad).
The Pashupatabrahma Upanishad discusses the questions addressed to the creator god Lord Sri Brahma Deva by his son Rishi Vaishravana.
The Upanishad talks about the atma (soul) as Hamsa, yoga, meditation, the uselessness of external customs and the need for inner reflection with the help of ॐ (ōṁ), and also discusses about how a man of real wisdom should behave.
2(78). Parabrahma Upanishad : In Sanskrit Parabrahma Upanishad is written as परब्रह्म उपनिषद् (parabrahma upaniṣad) (परब्रह्मोपनिषद्) (parabrahmōpaniṣad).
This text basically explains about the tradition of the sacred thread (janeu / Yagnopaveetham) and topknot hair tuft worn by common man and why both are abandoned by a Sannyasi.
The Parabrahma Upanishad narrates about the knowledge of the inner sacrificial string of the Sannyasi (Renouncers).
2(79). Avadhuta (Avadhutaka) Upanishad : In Sanskrit this text is written as अवधूत उपनिषद् (avadhūta upaniṣad) (अवधूतोपनिषद्) (avadhūtōpaniṣad).
Avadhutaka Upanishad basically split into two parts, that is Brihad (Major) and Laghu (Minor).
The Brihad (Major) part explains about the nature and attributes of an Avadhuta (A liberated person).
The Laghu (Minor) part is a short allegorical synopsis of the eight limb Yoga, that the text asserts is part of the Avadhuta lifestyle.
2(80). Tripuratapini Upanishad : In Sanskrit it is written as त्रिपुरातापिनी उपनिषद् (tripurātāpinī upaniṣad) (त्रिपुरातापिनोपनिषद्) (tripurātāpinōpaniṣad).
Tripuratapini Upanishad is related to Devi (Goddess) and Tantra. This text narrates that the universe was created by the unification of Lord Shiva and Goddess Shakti.
All that is existing is interdependent on both the masculine (Lord Shiva) and feminine (Goddess Shakti).
2(81). Devi Upanishad : In Sanskrit Devi Upanishad is written as देवी उपनिषद् (dēvī upaniṣad) (देव्योपनिषद्) (dēvyōpaniṣad).
Devi Upanishad text narrates that the Goddess (Devi) is the Supreme Brahman and from her arise Prakṛti (matter) and Purusha (consciousness).
Devi (Goddess) is bliss and also the non-bliss, Vedas and what is different from it, the born and the unborn, and all of the universe.
2(82). Tripura Upanishad : In Sanskrit this text is written as त्रिपुर उपनिषद् (tripura upaniṣad) (त्रिपुरोपनिषद्) (tripurōpaniṣad).
This Upanishad says that the Goddess Tripura Sundari as the Supreme Shakti (Power) of the universe and also is described as the Ultimate Consciousness, above Lord Sri Brahma Deva, Lord Sri Vishnu and Lord Shiva.
2(83). Katharudra Upanishad : In Sanskrit this Upanishad is written as कठरुद्र उपनिषद् (kaṭharudra upaniṣad) (कठरुद्रोपनिषद्) (kaṭharudrōpaniṣad).
Katharudra Upanishad is a small Upanishad. Information about Lord Sri Brahma teachings about Atman is present in this text.
2(84). Bhavana Upanishad : In Sanskrit Bhavana Upanishad is written as भावन उपनिषद् (bhāvana upaniṣad) (भावनोपनिषद्) (bhāvanōpaniṣad).
Bhavana Upanishad explains about the human body to be the श्री यन्त्र (Sri Yantra) or श्री चक्र (Sri chakra).
This is done by mapping each part of the body to the chakra. This Upanishad also narrates that the Shakti is the Atman (soul) within.
2(85). Rudrahridaya Upanishad : In Sanskrit this text is written as रुद्रहृदय उपनिषद् (rudrahr̥daya upaniṣad) (रुद्रहृदयोपनिषद्) (rudrahr̥dayōpaniṣad).
Rudrahridaya Upanishad narrates that Lord Sri Rudra Deva (Shiva) and Goddess Sri Uma Devi (Parvati) are the Supreme Reality Brahman.
This text eulogizes Lord Shiva and Goddess Sri Uma Devi (Parvati) as inseparable and also asserts that they together manifest as all Gods and Goddesses, all animate and inanimate reality of the universe.
2(86). Yoga-Kundalini Upanishad : In Sanskrit this text is written as योगकुण्डलिनी उपनिषद् (yōgakuṇḍalini upaniṣad) (योगकुण्डलिनोपनिषद्) (yōgakuṇḍalinōpaniṣad).
This text is very important as it gives information about the Kundalini Yoga, and also explains about the Hatha Yoga and Lambika Yoga.
While the last chapter is basically about the quest of self-knowledge, Atman, Brahman and living liberation.
2(87). Bhasmajabala Upanishad : In simple words this Upanishad is also called as Bhasma Upanishad (भस्म उपनिषद्) (bhasma upaniṣad).
In Sanskrit this Upanishad is written as भस्मजाबाल उपनिषद् (bhasmajābāla upaniṣad) (भस्मजाबालोपनिषद्) (bhasmajābālōpaniṣad).
Bhasmajabala Upanishad explains about the Bhasma (Vibhuti) (Sacred ash), and also about the Rudraksha beads as symbols and for body art.
This Upanishad narrates how the Bhasma (Ash) and Rudraksha beads are to be produced, its application on the body.
The importance of holy city of Kashi (Varanasi) and Lord Shiva temple are mentioned in the text.
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