Paritranaya sadhunam – Bhagavad Gita Shloka meaning

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Bhagavad Gita is one of the most divine granthas (Hindu divine book) not only for Hindus, but for the whole world.

Left: Sri Krishna and Arjuna just before the Mahabharata war.

Right: Sri Krishna saving 16,100 divine ladies from the clutches of the demon Narakasura.

Just before the start of the Mahabharata (Kurukshetra) war, Bhagavan Sri Krishna in the form of Gita (divine song) preaches this to his friend and great devotee Arjuna.

But, we should always remember that Bhagavan Sri Krishna not just preached the great Bhagavad Gita only to Arjuna.

No, it’s not like that.

Bhagavan Sri Krishna has preached the great Bhagavad Gita to all and especially to the Kali Yuga people as we lack the correct knowledge of Sanatana Dharma.

Thus we should keep this in our mind that, Bhagavad Gita is for the wellbeing of all the living and non-living  beings on earth.

Bhagavad Gita = Bhagavan’s + Gita = Bhagavan Sri Krishna preaches in the form of Gita (divine song) and thus the name Bhagavad Gita.

Now let us take the shloka:

परित्राणाय साधूनां विनाशाय च दुष्कृताम् | धर्म-संस्थापनार्थाय संभवामि युगे युगे || 4-8 ||

ಪರಿತ್ರಾಣಾಯ ಸಾಧೂನಾಂ ವಿನಾಶಾಯ ಚ ದುಷ್ಕೃತಾಂ | ಧರ್ಮಸಂಸ್ಥಾಪನಾರ್ಥಾಯ ಸಂಭವಾಮಿ ಯುಗೇ ಯುಗೇ || 4-8 ||

paritrāṇāya sādhūnāṁ vināśāya ca duṣkr̥tāṁ | dharmasansthāpanārthāya sambhavāmi yugē yugē || 4-8 ||


paritaranaaya = To protect; sadhunam = All the Bhagavan Sri Vishnu devotees; vinaashaaya = For the annihilation / complete slaying;

cha = And; dushkrutaam = All are who are against Dharma (Like Rakshasa, demons etc);

dharma = Sanatana Dharma; samsthaapana-arthaya = Mainly to re-establish; sambhavaami = I will definitely appear;

yuge = Every time and time (now and then); yuge = Every time and time (now and then).

Translation: For the protection of all the Bhagavan Sri Vishnu devotees, for the annihilation / complete slaying of people who are against Sanatana Dharma

and to re-establish Sanatana Dharma I (Bhagavan Sri Vishnu) incarnate from time to time (again and again).

Here we should  always keep in mind that, Bhagavan Sri Krishna is telling that ‘Yuge Yuge’.

This means from time to time (again and again) and not just every Yuga (Like Satya Yuga, Treta Yuga, Dwapara Yuga and Kali Yuga).

Left: Sri Krishna slaying Kamsa. Right: Bhagavan Sri Vishnu attacking multiple demons.

Also we should note that the words like ‘paritraana instead of traana, vinaashaaya instead of nashaya and samsthaapanaaya instead sthapanaya.

This instructs us all that, whenever there is Adharma, Bhagavan Sri Vishnu will completely destroy (and not just destruction) the Adharmi people.

And will definitely re-establish the Sanatana Dharma completely (and not just partially).

This is the greatness of our greatest Bhagavan Sri Vishnu.

Here Bhagavan Sri Krishna is explaining how he re-establishes Dharma.

In reality, Bhagavan Sri Krishna need not have to come personally to establish or to re-establish Sanatana Dharma and to annihilate the Adharma and Adharmis on earth.

Bhagavan Sri Krishna could just reside in each aatma / soul and instigate them to destroy each other (Adharmis).

If Bhagavan Sri Krishna does it in this simple way, then we fools will not understand the greatness of him (Bhagavan Sri Krishna)

and we will never understand the correct path of Sanatana Dharma and we will loose out the great and divine leader like our Bhagavan Purushottama (Another name of Bhagavan Sri Krishna).

Thus, Bhagavan Sri Vishnu / Krishna / Rama comes in the form of humans, lives like humans and shows how to lead a rightful life. 

(We should always remember that Bhagavan Sri Vishnu doesn’t has any drawbacks.)

(He is called as ‘aatma kaama’, means he doesn’t need any outer material things to satisfy him.)

(He can get satisfied by himself and doesn’t need anybody’s help or support in anyway).

A great saint from Udupi called Sri Vishweshateertha Ji (of Sri Madhwa – Dvaita sampradaya) has given us a very good example for this:

A mother is capable of walking very fast, but she does not walk very fast as her child might stumble and fall trying to follow her.

Thus, instead she holds the baby’s hand and walks very very slowly like the baby itself and gradually child will learn to walk.

In the same way he will come as Vamana, Rama, Krishna etc and will live among us and show us the path of Sanatana Dharma.

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu doesn’t has any sorrow, weakness, sadness, dejection, misery, suffering, agonize, anguish, pain etc.

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is called as Sarvottama, Sarveshwara, Parameshwara, Paramaatma, Purushottama, Ishvara, etc, how can he has drawbacks. Only fools can think like this.

More information will be added to this on regular, please visit after some time to know more information.

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Srimad Bhagavad Gita full lyrics in Kannada

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Srimad Bhagavad Gita full lyrics in Sanskrit (Hindi)

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Srimad Bhagavad Gita full lyrics in English

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  • Rupel

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