List of Navagraha names and it’s significance

Namaste friends, how are your doing today? Bhagavan Sri Vishnu blessings to you and your family!

Hindu Sanatana Dharma is just one in the world. We can’t find more knowledgeable people on this earth than the Indians, that is, we are aware of the Navagrahas (Nine planets) since unknown time.

We were able to find out the outer space information without any special instruments like of those today’s modern technology. Just doing pooja / worshipping Bhagavan Sri Vishnu was more than enough to gain unlimited knowledge.

No worship of any deity should be done without an understanding hierarchical (taaratamya) position of Bhagavan Sri Hari and all other Devatas.

But, there is a special thing to know about this.

Bhagavan Sri Hari or Devatas’ worship should be done in different ways:

Worship as the Pradhana (प्रधान) / Prime Devata.

Worship as the Avantara (अवांतर) / Transcendental Devata.

Worship as the Avarana (आवरण) Devata.

Worship as the Vyuha (व्यूह) Devata.

In the Sri Maha Lakshmi Devi vrata festival, the Pradhana / Prime Devata will be Sri Maha Lakshmi Devi. 

Bhagavan Sri Hari will be the Pradhana / Prime deity in worship of Shaligrama. 

During the Sri Ganesha Chaturthi, Lord Ganesha is the Pradhana / Prime Devata. 

Similarly during the Navaratri various Sri Durga Devi will be the Pradhana / Prime Devata on that particular day of the Navaratri.

When performing any auspicious puja, we will be worshipping Lord Ganapathi first, that means, we worship Lord Ganapati as the Avantara / Transcendental Devata.

The method of worshiping the Avarana Devata is little higher compared to the worship of other Devatas. 

Each and every Devata have their own Avarana Devatas. Sometimes, a higher hierarchical Devata may also be in the Avarana of the lower hierarchical Devata. 

While worshiping Bhagavan Sri Hari, even Bhagavan Sri Hari’s different roopas will be as the Avarana Devatas.

A Vyuha means a group. Some forms of the Bhagavan Sri Hari and few other Devatas will always be in a particular group. 

For this a very good example is the Sri Hari’s Dashavatara (10 avatars) and also the Bhagavan Sri Keshava’s 24 avatars.

Similarly, with different Devatas, they form a Vyuha / group. Examples are Dwadasha (12) Adityas, Ekadasha (11) Rudras, ashta (8) Vasus:

Ekadasha (11) Rudras

1. Bheema

2. Raivata

3. Oja

4. Ajaikapaat

5. Mahaan

6. Bahuroopa

7. Bhava

8. Vaamadeva

9. Ugra

10. VruShaakapi

11. Ahirbudhni

Dwadasha (12) Adityas

Bhaga

Pushya

Savitru

Dhaata

Aaryama

TvasTru

Urukrama

Indra

Vivasvan

VaruNa

Mitra

Amshuman

Names of ‘Ashta Vasus’ as per few of versions are as given below:

One is as below:

Ahas

Anala

Anila

Dhara

Dhruva 

Pratyuusha

Prbhaasa

Soma

Second is as below:

Anala (paavaka-agni-fire)

Anila (praana-vaayu-air)

Apa (jala-varuna-water)

Dhara (bhoomi-earth)

Dhruva (Nakshathra-star)

Prabhaasa (light-brilliance-radiance)

Pratyuusha (dawn)

Soma (divine nectar-nourisher)

Third is as given below:

Drona

Dhruva

Dosha

Arka

Agni

Dyau

Praana

Vibhavasu

Among the Dwadasha (12) Adityas Bhagavan Sri Hari is at the 12th position, among the Ekadasha (11) Rudras Lord Rudra (Lord Shiva) is at the 11th position (other 10 Rudras are lower in hierarchy compared to the Lord Rudra / Lord Shiva.

In this Vyuha / group the worship of that particular Devata has to be done as per the position of that particular Devata.

Similarly, Navagraha means also a Vyuha / group. For this particular group of Navagraha Sri Surya Deva is the main / important Devata. All other Navagrahas follow Sri Surya Deva.

Sri Brihaspati (planet Guru, which we call as Guruvaara / Thursday – He is the Guru of all the Devatas) is having higher capability than Sri Surya Deva. But still Sri Brihaspati / Guru graha is at the 5th position.

Sri Brihaspati / Guru graha has to be worshipped at that particular 5th position itself and not at the higher position.

If we worship in this way, won’t there a breach of the Dharma? 

No, it won’t happen. 

Reason is, Sri Brihaspati / Guru graha is at that position, because of the agnya / orders of the Bhagavan Sri Hari. 

Although the Sri Surya Deva’s great shine / luster or Sri Chandra Deva’s magnificent radiance can easily be achieved by Sri Brihaspati / Guru graha (means Sri Brihaspati / Guru graha has higher capability than Sri Surya Deva and Sri Chandra Deva), as a Guru graha, Sri Brihaspati won’t express that great brilliance. 

But still Sri Brihaspati will follow the Sri Surya Deva’s and Sri Chandra Deva’s capabilities.

Just like Bhagavan Sri Hari being the sarvottama Bhagavan / supreme God, but still among the Dwadasha (12) Adityas, Bhagavan Sri Hari will in the 12th postion. 

Similarly, the Devatas being in that particular vyuga / group, although they hierarchical wise been at a better position than others, those Devatas will accept the worship / pooja as per their positions.

Another example is that, Sri Bhima being greater than Yudhishthira and others, but still being born as the younger brother of Yudhishthira and son of Pandu & Kunti Devi, still Sri Bhima was acting as a lower hierarchical person than others. 

This is just because as per the instructions of Bhagavan Sri Hari / Sri Krishna.

Similarly in the Mahabharata, Bhagavan Sri Krishna was younger brother to Sri Balarama. But this doesn’t means that Balarama is at the higher position than Bhagavan Sri Krishna.

Thus, we must be aware of the hierarchy when we are doing the pooja. 

If we are aware of the correct hierarchy, we will definitely get the great aashirvaada of both Bhagavan Sri Hari and other Devatas.

When doing pooja of the pradhana / prime Devatas, we should always do pooja in the hierarchical way itself and not in the other way or not as per our wishes.

This means, we need to do first Bhagavan Sri Hari’s pooja and later we need to do the pooja of Sri Maha Lakshmi Devi. 

But we should never ever do the pooja of Sri Maha Lakshmi Devi first, then the pooja of Bhagavan Sri Hari.

Only after we do the pooja of Bhagavan Sri Hari, we need to do the Shraadhha and tarpana. 

But we should never ever do the pooja of Pithrus first, then the pooja of Bhagavan Sri Hari later.

While doing Avarana pooja, Avantara Devatas’ pooja and Vyuha / group’s Devatas’ pooja, we need to do the pooja as per the hierarchy (as per the instructions of Bhagavan Sri Hari) of the Devatas and not per the hierarchical nature of the Devatas.

But, we should always be aware of the capabilities (qualities) of both Bhagavan Sri Hari and other Devatas while doing the pooja. 

We should always learn, who is at the higher position and who is at the lower position. 

Only after knowing the correct hierarchical position, we need to do the pooja of the Bhagavan Sri Hari and other Devatas. 

Even though in the Dwadasha (12) Adityas, Bhagavan Sri Hari is in the 12th position, but still we should be aware of that Bhagavan Sri Hari is the only sarvottama Bhagavan and all others are just his followers. 

We should always be aware of this.

Keeping in mind about the hierarchical position of both Bhagavan Sri Hari and other Devatas, will fetch us the great phala / fruits as per our pooja Karma.

The List of the Navagraha (nine planets) names with hierarchical position is as given below:

Sri Surya Deva / The Sun God

Sri Chandra Deva / The Moon God

Sri Mangala Deva / The Mars God

Sri Budha Deva / The Mercury God

Sri Brihaspati Deva (Guru graha) / The Jupiter God

Sri Shukra Deva / The Venus God

Sri Shani Deva / The Saturn God

Rahu

Ketu

The nature and hierarchical position of the Navagraha (nine planets) are as given below:

Sri Brihaspati / The Jupiter God [10th position]

Sri Surya Deva-Sri Chandra Deva (The Sun God-The Moon God) [12th position]

Sri Shukra Deva / The Venus God [19th position]

Sri Budha Deva / The Mercury God [23rd position]

Sri Mangala Deva (Kuja) / The Mars God [25th position]

Sri Shani Deva / The Saturn God [26th position]

Rahu-Ketu are asuras. 

But, Devatas are also present inside them and thus these Devatas provide the poojatva (worshippable) position. 

Again we should remember, all these are possible only because Bhagavan Sri Hari has instructed these to all the Devatas.

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NAMASTE!

Sri Gurubhyo Namaha

Sri Krishnaaya Namaha

Sri Krishnaarpanamastu

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