What are Hindu festival names, dates with details

Namaste friends, how are your doing today? Bhagavan Sri Vishnu blessings to you and your family!

Hindu Sanatana Dharma is just amazing. We have festivals throughout the year. Starting from Chaitra masam upto Phalguna masam, we will be celebrating utsavs for entire year.

All the Hindu festivals are celebrated all over India and few other parts of the world with great bhakti, pomp and grandeur.  

On the Hindu festivals’ days, the deity of Bhagavan Sri Krishna / Sri Hari / Sri Rama is decorated in great magnificent dresses as the avatars of Sri Hari like Sri Mastya, Sri Kurma, Sri Varaha, Sri Narasimha, Sri Vamana, Sri Parashurama, Sri Rama, Sri Krishna etc. 

Bhagavan Sri Krishna decorated as Arjuna’s charioteer (that is as Sri Partha Sarati) is especially very attractive and eye-catching to view.

Bhagavan Sri Krishna temples is a hive of activity throughout the 12 months of the years (that is on all the 365 days, throughout the year) and the following is a list of the very important and holiest festivals celebrated with great pomp and ceremony by the bhaktas of Sri Hari / Sri Rama / Sri Krishna.

Ugadi / Yugadi

Ugadi / Yugadi is the first day of the Hindu panchanga and is the new year for the Sanatana Dharmis. Yugadi means, Yuga = a yuga / era, adi = start.

This is celebrated on the first day of the month of Chaitra maasa is the real and correct New Year’s day according the Hindu chandramaana panchanga / lunar calendar.  

Similarly, the first day of the month of mesha is the new year according to the Suryamaana panchanga / solar calendar.  

A tray containing a coconut, fruits, jewels, and a mirror is placed in front of the deity of Bhagavan Sri Krishna on the previous night.  

The next morning, these auspicious objects are the first things seen by Bhagavan Sri Krishna. This ritual is known as the darshana of kaNi. 

Sri Matsya Jayanti

On Shukla paksha tritiya / third day of the Chaitra maasa Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu took the avatara of Sri Matsya, the fish incarnation. 

On this day the icon of Sri Krishna is decorated with an armor resembling a fish (in temples like Sri Udupi matha).

Sri Rama Navami

Bhagavan Sri Rama was born on the shukla paksha, navama (navami) tithi of Chaitra maasa.  

On this day the deity of Bhagavan Sri Krishna is decorated with bow and arrow instead of the usual churning rod and rope (in temple like Sri Udupi matha).

Sri Hanuman Jayanti

On the Purnima tithi of the month of Chaitra, known as the Chitra Purnima, special dishes are offered to the icon. It is a day of festivity at the shrine of Sri Hanuman.

Since Sri Hanuman is an avatara of Sri Vayu Deva, Sri Hanuman is also known as Sri Mukhya Praana Deva.

Sri Kurma Jayanti

The Dvitiya tithi in the shukla paksha of the month of Vaishaakha is celebrated as Sri Kurma Jayanti. On this day the deity of Bhagavan Sri Krishna at the Udupi matha is decorated as a Sri Kurma / tortoise.

Akshaya Tritiya

Akshaya means which never gets exhausted or which never has the end. Tritiya means the third day. For this Akshaya patra which is given to Pandavas was giving whatever they want on daily basis.

The tritiya tithi on the shukla paksha of Vaishaakha maasa is the day of the incarnation of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu as Sri Parashurama Deva. The Bhagavan Sri Krishna’s deity of the Udupi matha is decorated with an axe, to depict him as the Sri Prashurama Deva. 

Vasantotsava

Vasanta means spring and utsava means festival.

From Akshaya Tritiya to the Purnima tithi of the month of Vaishaakha a special vasantotsava, or the festival of spring, is arranged every day at many Sri Hari temples.

Vasanta Dvaadashi / Sri Veda Vyasa Ji birth day

On a Dvadashi tithi in the shukla paksha Vaishaakha maasa, Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu took the incarnation of Bhagavan Sri Veda Vyasa Ji through Satyavati Devi.

Sri Narasimha Jayanti

Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu took the avatar of Bhagavan Sri Narasimha on the chaturdashi tithi in the shukla paksha of Vaishaakha maasa.

Sri Bhagirathi Jayanti (Ganga Jayanti)

Sri Ganga Devi came down as Sri Bhaagirathi on the dashami tithi in the shukla paksha month of jyeshTha. 

It was on this day that the river Sri Ganga Devi took birth (came down to the earth) at the request of Bhagiratha (hence the name, Bhaagirathii).

Prathama Ekadashi (Prathamaikadashi)

The Ekadashi tithi in the shukla paksha of the month as AshaaDha is known as Prathamaikaadashi, or Shayani Ekadashi. The period covering the next four months is known as the chaaturmaasya. 

During this period, Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu reposes on His Shesha-bed (Aadi Shesha Naaga), in what is known as the ‘yoga-nidra’ (literally meaning “the sleep of yoga”).

Chaaturmaasa (Four months)

On the Purnima tithi of AshaaDha maasa, commencement of chaaturmaasya or staying in a fixed place for a period of four fortnights starts.

During this Chaaturmaasa, Bhagavan Sri Rama Chandra Prabhu was staying at the Sugriva place, as it is the season of rains.

Naaga Panchami

This is celebrated on the panchami tithi of the shukla paksha of the month ShraavaNa. The main deity worshipped on this day is Sri Aadi Shesha Naaga, secondly it is Sri Kartikeya (son of Lord Shiva) and third deity is Sri Vasuki Naaga (sarpa that is on the neck of Lord Shiva).

Upaakarma

The janeev / janevara / yagnopaveetham ceremony for those belonging to the clan known as Rig Vedis takes place on the shravaNa nakshatra day in the Simha maasa. 

Those who belong to Yajur Veda branch celebrate this on the Purnima tithi of the month of Simha maasa.  

On the day of the hastaa nakshatra in the Simha maasa the men belonging to Saama Veda branch celebrate their upaakarma. 

This usually comes in the lunar month of Bhaadrapada.

Sri Hayagriva Jayanti

Purnima tithi of ShraavaNa maasa is celebrated as Sri Hayagriva Jayanti (an avatara of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu).  

Dadhi vrata starting

From Dvadashi tithi in the shukla paksha of ShraavaNa maasa to the Dvadashi tithi of the shukla paksha of Bhaadrapada maasa people observe dadhi vrata. During this time the devotees abstain from eating curds.

Sri Raghavendra Swamy Jayanti

The jayanti of Sri Raghavendra Swami falls on the Dvitiya tithi of the Krishna paksha in the ShraavaNa maasa.

Bhagavan Sri Krishna Jayanti

On Ashtami tithi in the Krishna paksha of the simha maasa is the day of avatar of Bhagavan Sri Krishna. If the RohiNii star is on at midnight the day is known by the name Sri Krishna JanmaashhTami otherwise it is called as Sri Krishna Jayanti.

This tithi / day will fall  in the month of shraavaNa.

Sri Ganesha Chaturthi

On chaturthi tithi in the shukla paksha of the Bhaadrapada maasa is celebrated as the festival of Lord Ganesha.

Sri Bhu Varaaha Jayanti

The panchami tithi in the shukla paksha of Bhaadrapada maasa is celebrated as Sri Bhu Varaaha Jayanti.

Sri Kalki Jayanti

The shasTi tithi / sixth day in the shukla paksha of Bhaadrapada maasa is celebrated with special services to Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu in the form of Sri Kalki. On the same day Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu will take avatara on this earth.

Sri Vamana Jayanti

It was on the Dvadashi tithi in the shukla paksha of Bhaadrapada maasa that Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu took the incarnation of Bhagavan Sri Vaamana on this earth.

Sri Ananta Chaturdashii

The chaturdashi tithi in the shukla paksha of the Bhaadrapada maasa is known as anantana vrata.  

Bhagavan Sri Ananta Padmanaabha is invoked in a pot filled with water and decorated with coconut and flowers.

Navaratri

Navaratri means, nava = nine and ratri = nights.

From the Paadya / Ekam tithi to the navami tithi in the shukla paksha of Ashvayuja maasa, the Navaratri is celebrated.

Pustaka puja

The Great Sanatana Dharma grantas are worshipped during the period of the mulaa nakshatra to shravaNa nakshatra, commencing from the shasTi or saptami tithi of navaratri and going up to the navami or dashami tithi in that fortnight. This is celebrated in the Ashvayuja maasa.

Bhima Amavasya

This day is celebrated on the last day of the shukla paksha, shravaNa maasa, that is on the Amavasya day.

Vijaya Dashami

Vijaya means victory and Dashami means the tenth day of the month.

This is the day when Sri Rama Chandra Prabhu won over the asura Ravana. This day is celebrated in the Ashvayuja maasa on the dashi tithi in the shukla paksha.

Sri Buddha Jayanti and Sri Madhva Jayanti

On Vijaya Dashami day Sri Buddha jayanti is celebrated. Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu is worshipped in the the form of the Sri Buddha on this day.

Also on this day, Sri Madhvacharya Ji was born in Udupi in a place called Paajaka Kshetra on the same Vijaya Dashami

Deepavali

Deepavali means, Deepa = lamps and vali = lighting and celebrations.

The great ceremony begins on the Dvadashi tithi of the Krishna paksha of the aashvayuja maasa.

I have written the details of this Great Festival in this post. You can visit this link for more information:

Deepavali significances full explanation

Sri Tulasi puja (chota / chikka Deepavali / Diwali)

The great ceremony begins on the Dvadashi tithi of the Krishna paksha of the aashvayuja maasa.

I have written the details of this Great Festival in this post. You can visit this link for more information.

Krishna Tulasi Vivaha and other significances

Subramanya ShashTi / ShashTi

On ShasTi tithi of the shukla paksha of Maargashiirsha maasa it is celebrated as Subramanya shashTi or Skanda shashTi or simply ‘ShashTi’. On this day Subramanya / Kaartikeya the son of Lord Shiva took birth.

MukkoTi Dwadashi

The Dvadashi tithi in the shukla paksha of maargashiirsha maasa is celebrated as MukkoTi Dvaadashi.

Sri Datta Jayanti (Dattatreya Jayanti)

Purnima tithi in the Maagashiirsha maasa is known as Sri Datta jayanti or Dattatreya Jayanti. On this day Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu was “born” as Datta through maata Anasuya and sage Maharshi Atri.

Sankranti / Sankramana

Sankaranti means, San = Sun, kranti or kramana = movement.

On Panchami tithi in the Pushya maasa, Krishna paksha Sankranti is celebrated.

Ratha saptami & BhishmaashTami

The saptami tithi in the shukla paksha of maagha maasa the Ratha Saptami is celebrated. Following day is observed as BhishmaashTami (this is celebrated on ashtami tithi).

Sri Madhva Navami

The navami tithi of the shukla paksha of Maagha maasa is the day on which Great Sri Madhvacharya went out to Badarikashrama and disappeared. Sri Madhvacharya Ji is still living in Badarikashrama with Bhagavan Sri Veda Vyasa Ji and Sri Nara Narayana.

Shiva Ratri

The chaturdashi tithi in the Krishna paksha of maagha maasa is celebrated as Shiva raatri.

Holi and Kaama Dahana

The Purnima tithi in phaalguna maasa is celebrated by bringing an effigy of Sri Kaama Deva, the god of love, to the streets and burning it.

I have written the details of this Great Festival in this post. You can visit this link for more information:

Holi and Kaama dahana correct story

Apart from these, all Ekadashis are considered highly auspicious. I have written a post on this. For more information, you can visit this link:

Ekadashi fasting meaning and importance

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