What are Krishna Tulsi vivah (marriage) amazing facts
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Introduction: During Samudra Manthan (churning of Ocean), Sri Hari came in as Bhagavan Sri Dhanvantari.
This avatar is called as Sri Hari’s Vaidya Roopa (a physician), who came holding one Suvarna Kalasha (divine golden pot) comprising of Amrit from the samudra / ocean.
At that time aananda ashru (divine happy eye drops – आनंद अश्रु ) came out of Bhagavan Sri Dhanvantari roopa paramathma and these happy drops turned out to be Sri Tulasi Devi (Tulsi Devi).
It was on Kartika poornima that the birth of Great Sri Tulasi Devi took place, that is, during the early morning Sri Tulasi Devi took her birth.
List of Krishna Tulsi vivah (marriage) amazing facts are as given below:
Tulsi is an avatar of Goddess Lakshmi
Tulsi was born during Samudra Manthan
Tulsi is the divine eye drops of Lord Dhanvantari
Tulsi is known as ananda ashru (eye drops) of Lord Dhanvantari
On Kartika purnima Tulsi was born
Tulsi went to Badrinatha after her birth
Tulsi performed rigorous penance in Badrinatha
Tulsi mani and mala is highly auspicious
In Tulsi Ganga, Pushkara etc. are present
Trimurti are present in Tulsi
Lord Vishnu lives at the center of Tulsi leaf
Various Devatas live in Tulsi
And many more…
Tulasi is an avatar (has an amsha / part) of Sri Maha Lakshmi Devi.
During Samudra Manthan (churning of Ocean), Sri Hari came in as Bhagavan Sri Dhanvantari.
This avatar is called as Sri Hari’s Vaidya Roopa (a physician), who came holding one Suvarna Kalasha (divine golden pot) comprising of Amrit from the samudra / ocean.
At that time aananda ashru (divine happy eye drops – आनंद अश्रु ) came out of Bhagavan Sri Dhanvantari roopa paramathma and these happy drops turned out to be Sri Tulasi Devi.
It was on Kartika purnima that the birth of Great Sri Tulasi Devi took place, that is during the early morning Sri Tulasi Devi took her birth.
As soon as Sri Tulasi Devi was born, Sri Tulasi Devi went to the mountainous region of Badarinatha to practice severe penance.
Though many persons tried to dissuade her, no one was able to, as Sri Tulasi Devi was determined to stay and pray in the forest till Bhagavan Sri Krishna appeared and agreed to become her husband.
Ceremonial marriage of Sri Tulasi Devi plant with Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu is performed on this day.
It is customary to put Shaligrama (Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu) and Sri Tulasi Devi’s plant to get marriage of them.
In Vaishnavas, use of japa maalaas made from Tulasi plant’s stems or roots are in tradition.
Tulasi mani maala is referred to be auspicious for the wearer, and believed to put them under the protection of Sri Hari.
These japa maalas are used to count rama nama smarana, krishna nama smarana, raghavendra nama smarana, narayana nama smarana, etc.
Sannidhana of different devatas in Tulasi – In Tulasi plant, there is sannidhana of various Tirthas like Pushkara, Ganga, etc.
Sannidhana (divine presence) of different devatas in Tulasi:
In Tulasi plant, there is sannidhana of various Tirthas like Pushkara, Ganga, etc.
Sri Brahma Devi, Sri Rudra Devi and Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu all do have their sannidhana in the Tulasi plant.
Also there is Sri Surya Deva, All Grahas (planets), Vishve devata, Ashta Vasus, Manus, Rishis, Vidyadharas, Gandharvas, Siddhas, Kinnaras, Kimpurushas, Apsaras, in each leaf of the Tulasi plant.
Bhagavan Sri Hari lives in the centre of Tulasi leaf, where as Brahma and Rudra live in the two corners of the Tulasi leaf.
Similarly Sri Maha Lakshmi Devi, Sri Sarasvati Devi, Sri Gayatri Devi, Sri Shachi Devi, etc., and also Sri Indra Deva, Sri Agni Deva, Sri Yama Deva, Niruti, Sri Varuna Deva, Kubera, Sri Vayu Deva etc. all live in the Tulasi plant.
It is said that Hanuman crossed the sea only after doing the vandana of Sri Tulasi Devi.
Nandeeshvara (Nandi) got the opportunity of worshipping Lord Shiva only after he did the pooja of Sri Tulasi Devi.
Padmapurana says that pooja without Tulasi is not pooja at all of all Devata or Devis.
Snaana without Tulasi Mruttika is not snaana. Any daana / donation given must have by Tulasi in it.
Garuda Purana says even though Tulasi plant is dry, it can be used for pooja / worshipping.
What is Uttana Dvadashi?
In Chaturmasya Ashada Shukla paksha Ekadashi, Bhagavan Sri Hari pretends to go on sleeping and in Bhadrapa Shukla paksha he will change the direction of his sleeping.
In Kartika Shukla Paksha Dvadashi Bhagavan Sri Hari will pretend to woke up, that day is called as Uttana Dvadashi.
On this Dvidalavrata and Chaturmasya Vrata samapti (end) must be done with the mantra :
Uttana Dvadashi also signifies the beginning of Ksheera SagarA Manthana (churning of the milky Ocean).
Tulasi was born during Amrit Manthana. She is mostly liked by Sri Hari. We usuaaly pluck Tulasi for the pooja of Bhagavan Sri Hari.
इदं व्रतं मयादेव कृतं प्रीत्यै तव प्रभो । न्यूनं संपूर्णतां यातु त्वत्प्रसादात् जनार्धन॥
This dvadashi is also called as Prabhodini Dvadashi. – a day said to be the waking in of Bhagavan Sri Hari and the samapti (end) of Chaturmaasya.
How to pluck the Tulasi leaves:
Bath should be taken,
Achamanam to be done,
Water to be poured at the roots of Tulasi Devi,
Then Prarthana to be done to Tulasi Devi,
Tulasi after plucking to be kept in a cleaned vessel,
Tulasi should not be washed. But other Flowers must be washed.
Ashta naama / Eight very important names of Sri Tulasi Devi:
Anyone who chant these 8 Great Names of Sri Tulasi Devi on daily basis, will get the same results as performing Ashvamedha yagna:
Vrinda (वृन्दा): The goddess of all plant and trees (even if one Tulasi plant is present in a forest it can be called Vrindavana.)
Vrindavani (वृन्दावणी): One who first manifested in Vrindavana.
Nandini (नंदिनी): Seeing whom gives unlimited bliss to the bhaktas / devotees.
Pushpasaara (पुष्पसारा): The topmost of all flowers, without whom Bhagavan Sri Krishna does not like to look upon other flowers.
Tulasi (तुलसी): One who has no comparison.
Vishvapoojita (विश्वपूजिता): One whom the whole universe worships.
Krishna Jeevani (कृष्णा जीवनी): The life of Sri Krishna.
Vishva Paavani (पुष्प पावनि): One who purifies the three worlds.
Greatness of Tulasi plant:
Sri Chatur Mukha Brahma Deva is said to be present in its branches, all Hindu Pilgrimages in its roots, Ganges in its roots, all the Gods in its stem and leaves, Vedas (Hindu scriptures) in the upper part of the plant.
It is believed that if a Tulasi stick is used to burn Deepa for Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu, it is equal to offering lakhs of Deepas in prayers for many Gods and Goddesses.
Worshiping Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu after smearing the paste made of dried wood of Tulasi is equal to several poojas and lakhs of Godaana (donation of cows).
When the water mixed with Tulasi leaf paste or leaves is given to the dying person it is said that the departing soul will raise to the heaven.
Insulting or contempt of Tulasi brings onto one the wrath and anger of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu.
A prayer of forgiveness should be offered to Tulasi when it is plucked even for worship.
It should not be destroyed or de-rooted.
Waste things should not be thrown in the vicinity of the plant.
The maintenance of the place in and around Tulasi plant should be religious.
Getting moistened, sprinkled or anointed by Tulasi water will get the benefit of having taken a bath in all sacred rivers and performing all kinds of holy rituals and sacrifices.
According to Padma Purana, a person cremated with Tulasi twigs in his funeral pyre gains moksha (salvation) and a place in Vaikuntta / Vishnu’s abode (This depends on the person’s earlier Karma. But using Tulasi leaves will make the path easier).
Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu will be pleased to be gifted with a leaf of Tulasi rather than 1000 jars of honey.
Thus offering 1 leaf will beget the reward of offering million of cows and if it is offered in Kartika maasa / month, the rewards will be of many folds.
Worshiping Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu daily with a leaf of Tulasi will beget him the benefits of doing 100 thousand Ashvamedha (horse sacrifices) yagnas.
Similar benefits will be bestowed on the person who wears the necklace made of beads of Tulasi wood (Japamala).
Anyone who leaves his body holding a Tulasi leaf in his hands will be saved from all the sins he has committed.
Anyone who lies or breaks promises or give false evidences in the presence of Tulasi plant or by holding Tulasi will go to hell.
Whoever worships Tulasi on the auspicious day of Uttana Dvadashi will be freed from all the sins and shall get a seat in Vaikuntta. (This depends on the person’s earlier Karma. But using Tulasi leaves will make the path easier).
Tulasi Jalandhara story:
Tulasi took birth during the samudra manthana / ocean churning between the devatas and asuras.
During the ocean churning, Bhagavan Sri Dhanvantri (avatar of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu), ‘the physician’ emerged holding a pot containing Amrit, drinking which one becomes immortal.
During that time, Bhagavan Sri Dhanvantri shed his tears of joy which fell in the pot containing Amrit, and from that emerged the ever holy, Sri Tulasi Devi (a plant). As the plant was beautiful beyond comparison, Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu named it as Tulasi (meaning, which can not be compared with anyone).
Tulasi is considered to be a plant incarnation of Goddess Sri Maha Lakshmi Devi. The puranic legend of how goddess Sri Maha Lakshmi Devi assumed a form of a plant is found in ‘Brahma Vaivarta Purana’.
According to this Purana, during dvapara Yuga, Sri Tulasi Devi was a gopika in her previous birth, also by same name Tulasi.
When she was with Bhagavan Sri Krishna, another gopika by name, Radha, cursed her to be separated from Bhagavan Sri Krishna and be born as a human being.
As per the curse, Sri Tulasi Devi, was born as a daughter of King Dharmadhwaja and Shubhamati.
As their daughter was incomparable in beauty (due to the presence of goddess Sri Maha Lakshmi Devi within her, which means Sri Maha Lakshmi Devi’s amsha or Sri Maha Lakshmi Devi’s sannidhi), they named her as Tulasi, which means, incomparable.
When she reached her youth, she went to Great place called Badri, to meditate upon Bhagavan Sri Vishnu.
Sri Chatur Mukha Brahma Deva appears before her and asks her the reason for her meditation. She says that she remembers her previous birth and she is meditating to attain Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu.
Sri Chatur Mukha Brahma Deva says her wish will be fulfilled and that she, in this birth, has to marry a demon by name, Shakhachooda (or Jalandhara).
Sri Chatur Mukha Brahma Deva further says that, after her marriage to this demon, because of Bhagavan Sri Mah Vishnu’s maya, there would be circumstances which will have her to forsake her life and than later attain Bhagavan Sri Mah Vishnu.
Tulasi marries Shakhachooda, but remains chaste and steadfast in her devotion towards Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu.
Shakhachooda prays to Lord Shiva for unparalleled strength and obtains it.
Shakhachooda then attacks deva-loka, defeats Indra, and robs all the devas of their wealth. He takes away Kalpavriksha, Kamadhenu, chintamani (a wish fulfilling jewel) parijatha tree etc.
All the devas rushed to Lord Shiva to protect them. Lord Shiva agrees to fight the demon, but repeatedly looses battle against Shankhachooda.
At this juncture, sage Narada, appears and informs Lord Shiva that Shakhachooda has remained undefeated and draws strength due to the virtue of his chaste wife, Sri Tulasi Devi.
As Sri Tulasi Devi had Sri Maha Lakshmi Devi’s amsha, Lord Shiva approaches Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu for help.
Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu assumes the form of Shakhachooda, casts spell on Tulasi and converses with her about “Trailokya Vijaya Kavacha”, which is a stotram (prayer) of Bhagavan Sri Krishna, composed by Shankhachooda himself.
As Sri Tulasi Devi was distracted from her meditation of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu, at that very moment Shankhachooda looses his strength and falls dead in battle field.
Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu then releases Sri Tulasi Devi from his spell. On realizing the situation, an angered Sri Tulasi Devi curses Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu to turn into a stone.
Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu accepting her curse, he takes the form of a stone, which is nothing but the highly venerated shaligrama (Remember that no one can give shraapa / curse to Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu, but Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu will accept this curse to teach the lesson to the common man).
This shaligrama can be found only in the river, Gandaki, in Nepal.
After cursing Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu to turn into a stone, Sri Tulasi Devi discards her body and becomes river Gandaki and her hair becomes the Tulasi plant.
Through this story we realize that Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu is antayyaamai / omnipresent.
To demonstrate his presence even in non-living beings, he assumes a form of a stone. And as Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu and goddess Sri Maha Lakshmi Devi, the divine couple, are inseparable.
Goddess Sri Maha Lakshmi Devi assumes a form of a river and a plant to be with her Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu.
A river, where alone shaligrama can be found, and Tulasi plant, without which no worship of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu is complete.
Thus authentic Hindu women pray to Sri Tulasi Devi to bestow on them “pativrata” (being loyal to husband all the time).
It is a customary for all married women to water tulasi plant and offer haldi, kukuma, after bath in the morning and light a oil lamp every evening.
As Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu and Sri Maha Lakshmi Devi had married in Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu’s various avatars as Bhagavan Sri Rama and Sri Sita Devi or as Bhagavan Sri Krishna and Sri Rukmini Devi.
Similarly also during Kartika maasa / month, on Uttana Dvadashi day, Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu, in the form of Shaligrama marries Sri Maha Lakshmi Devi who is in the form of Tulasi plant. This celestial wedding is a fortnight after Deepavali.
Sri Tulasi Vivaha is on uttana dvadasi which falls in kartika maasa.
Kartika maasa is known as “deepa maasa”, which means the season of light.
Typically we see in various temples, the rows of light in evening and people gathering to sing devotional songs.
Deepavali, the festival of lights, falls in Kartika maasa too.
Spiritually, light is associated with knowledge or enlightenment. And Damodara (another name of Bhagavan Sri Krishna), is the patron deity of this maasa.
The meaning of Damodara is someone who has “rope around the belly” (damo = rope, odara = belly).
Nobody can tie Bhagavan Sri Krishna around his belly.
Only his mother, Yashoda, was able to do so. She was able to do so as she was filled with utmost love and devotion towards Bhagavan Sri Krishna (She thought him to be her baby and did not want him to be wandering and getting hurt).
We too can tie our beloved Bhagavan Sri Krishna with our unflinching devotion. Hence during Sri Tulasi vivaha, we write on the tulasi-katta, “Sri Kartika Radha Damodara Praseedatu”.
Importance of Tulasi as per various puranas:
As per Shiva purana on Dvadashi day, that is on the sankramana period, both eclipses, Sundays, Fridays – Tulasi should not be gathered from the plant.
Tulasi should not be plucked from the plant by wearing cloth on the head, or with chappals on the feet, or with unclean body stage.
As per Lingapurana, Puja should not be done without Tulasi.
As per Garuda Purana, Tulasi is the supreme amongst all the flowers, leaves etc. Tulasi is mandatory. Tulasi to be brought by self preferably. However, if brought by others, only fifty percent phala is obtained.
As per Brahma Purana, there is none equal to Tulasi (among all the plants, leaves etc). Puja performed to Bhagavan Sri Hari without Tulasi has no use at all.
Even when Tulasi is unavailable, at least dry sticks of Tulasi should be offered after nirmalya visarjana. If even the Tulasi stick is also unavailable, then at least the name “Tulasi” should be pronounced.
Vishnu Purana states that the darshana of Tulasi will bring and would give all phalas equivalent to taking bath in all sacred and holy thirtaas.
When the japa is made of the mantras relating to Bhagavan Sri Hari with Tulasi Kashta Japamala, then the phala would be ten times more than the usual phala.
Naaradeeya Purana states that one who collects and does puja to Bhagavan Sri Hari reciting the Great Vishnu Sahasra Naama would get the kingdom itself.
The number of Tulasi leaves that are submitted on the shira (head) of Bhagavan Sri Hari during puja, the devotee would live so much thousand of years as Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu bhakta / devotee.
Agneya Purana states that one who does smarana of Tulasi, Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu and Ganga and do the puja, would definitely reach Vaikuntta.
Skanda Purana states that one who remembers Tulasi and does the puja would attain “Saarupya Moksha” and would not be born again all all.
Bhavishyat Purana states that the recital of the names of Bhagavan Sri Hari, Tulasi would provide jnanam and bhakti. All our sins would be destroyed.
Brahma Vaivarta purana
Brahma Vaivarta purana states that one who tender Tulasi to Bhagavan Sri Krishna paramaatma would be granted ‘Saayujya Moksha’.
Markandeya Purana states that the person who has Tulasi maala in his / her neck and who chants Bhagavan Sri Hari naama with his tongue – would never be in trouble from Kali (Kali of Kali Yuga) and he / she will never be disturbed by the Yama Deva and his dootas / servants.
Vamana Purana states that in the roots of Tulasi all the sacred Tirthas reside. In the middle, all Devatas reside.
At the tip of the Tulasi, all the Great Vedas are there and for such Tulasi namaskaras are to be submitted.
Varaha Purana states that Bhagavan Sri Varaha Svami to be worshipped with devotion by Tulasi leaves.
There is no birth for a devotee who does dhyana of Sri Varaha Svami and Tulasi. Whoever does Puja without Tulasi being used in the puja, has to live in the hells for one manvantara.
Brahmanda Purana states that whoever does puja to Bhagavan Sri Hari with one hundred Tulasi leaves, his punya can’t be described.
He would be clearing off crores of sins like Brahmahatya and other heinous crimes.
Vishnu Rahasya states that, bath to be taken early in the morning before sunrise and Gayathri Japa to be done.
Then Bhagavan Sri Hari to be worshipped by pooja with Tulasi leaves. Such devotee would reach ‘Saayujya roopa moksha’.
Now, let us know the stotram of Tulasi Devi
प्रसीद तुलसीदेवी प्रसीद हरिवल्लभे
क्षीरोदमथनोद्भोते तुलसीत्वां नमाम्यहं ।
यादृष्ठा निखिलाघसंगशमनी स्प्रुष्ट्पावपुपावनी
रोगाणामभिवंदिता निरसनि सिक्तांतकत्रासिनि ।
प्रत्यासत्तिविधायिनी भगवत: कृष्णस्य संरोपिता ।
न्यस्ता तच्चरणे विमुक्तिफलदा तस्यै तुलस्यै नम: ।
prasīda tulasīdēvī prasīda harivallabhē
kṣīrōdamathanōdbhōtē tulasītvāṁ namāmyahaṁ |
yādr̥ṣṭhā nikhilāghasaṁgaśamanī spruṣṭpāvapupāvanī
rōgāṇāmabhivaṁditā nirasani siktāṁtakatrāsini |
pratyāsattividhāyinī bhagavata: kr̥ṣṇasya saṁrōpitā |
nyastā taccaraṇē vimuktiphaladā tasyai tulasyai nama: |
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