What was Krishna’s peace proposal (shanti doot) (Mahabharata / Kurukshetra war) | Mahabharata war peace efforts by Lord Krishna and others

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Just before going to “What was Krishna’s peace proposal (shanti doot) (Mahabharata / Kurukshetra war) | Mahabharata war peace efforts by Lord Krishna and others“, let us have some brief information.

Few of the most common questions asked regarding this subject is as given below:

What were the war strategies used in Mahabharata? | Which chapter of Mahabharata deals with fruitless efforts to bring about peace between the kurus and the Pandavas? |

What was Krishna’s peace proposal? | Who fixed the date of Mahabharata war? | And many others…

This post describes “What was Krishna’s peace proposal (shanti doot) (Mahabharata / Kurukshetra war) | Mahabharata war peace efforts by Lord Krishna and others“, that is, the efforts to peace and preparation for war.

1. Drupada sends his priest to Dhritarashtra with the consent of Lord Sri Krishna to advise him to settle the matter peacefully. 

2. Drupada’s priest meets Dhritarashtra in the presence of Bhishma and Drona advises him not to have any confrontations with Pandavas.

3. Lord Sri Krishna is their leader, Bhima and Arjuna are great warriors, Bhima has already killed Jarasandha the invincible person.

Also Bhima has killed three crores of Rakshasas (demons) who were present at holy places and were troubling pilgrims, with that he has also killed Jatasura.

4. Therefore, give their share of kingdom to them without any confrontation. 

5. Dhritarashtra did not agree. When war became inevitable both the parties started preparation.

6. Both Duryodhana and Arjuna proceeded to meet Lord Sri Krishna who was pretending to be sleeping.

7. Arjuna sat at Lord Sri Krishna’s feet, while Duryodhana at his head. When Lord Sri Krishna got up he first saw Arjuna.

8. Lord Sri Krishna told Duryodhana that you have come first, but I saw Arjuna first, therefore, I would like to treat you two on equal footing.

9. I offer my help to one and send the Yadava army to the help the other. You choose one of them. 

10. Duryodhana choses the army and Arjuna choses Lord Sri Krishna himself.

11. Duryodhana did not realize the supreme divine personality of Lord Sri Krishna, while Arjuna was always conscious of his divine supremacy.

12. Duryodhana went to Balarama also. He did not agree to help him.

13. Duryodhana gathered eleven akshauhini army, while there was seven akshauhini army on the Pandavas side.

14. In the Pandava army Virata, Drupada, Kikuyu Dhristaketu, son of Jarasandha, King of Kashi, Purujita, Kuntibhoja and Satyaki were prominent.

15. In the Kaurava’s army Vinda, Anuvinda, Jayatsena, Kalinga, Ambastha, Srutayudha, Saindhava and Alambusa were prominent. Bhagadatta was especially invited by Duryodhana.

16. Bhishma, Drona and Kripa joined Duryodhana to please Dhritarashtra.

17. Shalya wanted to join Pandavas; however, Duryodhana had arranged a grand reception for him all along his way.

18. Without knowing as to who had arranged it, Shalya declared that he would support him who had arranged this reception.

19. Consequently Shalya had to join Duryodhana. Before he joined Duryodhana he went to Pandavas to seek their endorsement.

20. Arjuna suggested to him that he should humiliate Karna at a critical time.

While preparation for war were going on as stated above, Dhritarashtra sent Sanjaya to impress upon Pandavas that fighting with their brothers i.e., Kauravas is not a dharma.

Draupadi and Bhima had already told Yudhishthira that to pardon evil persons is adharma (against Dharma).

It is the duty of Kshatriyas to fight when they are in a difficult situation. They should not beg for their requirements like Brahmanas (Brahmins).

Yudhishtira told Sanjaya accordingly. Sri Krishna also endorsed it.

Sanjaya returned and reported to Dhritarashtra. He censured him for his wrong approach and went away.

Then Dhritarashtra called Vidura and asked his opinion. Vidura also said that giving their share of kingdom to Pandavas is the right course. Otherwise all your children will perish.

However Dhritarashtra did not make up his mind to agree with this suggestion. Instead, he asked him about the supreme God to enable him to wash off his sins.

Vidura remembered Sanatana. He came and taught about the supreme Lord Sri Vishnu. He also told that supreme Bhagavan will not help evil persons.

Next day Sanjaya reported his discussion with Yudhishthira in the presence of all Kauravas. Even then Dhritarashtra did not agree to give the kingdom to Pandavas. 

Yudhishthira had told Sanjaya that if Dhritarashtra agrees to give us the kingdom, then, you come or send the message through Vidura. 

Both of them did not come. Then he consulted Lord Sri Krishna.

Lord Sri Krishna offered to go himself and propose what is good for both the parties. If they do not agree then they deserve to be destroyed.

At this stage, Bhima said let not the entire race be destroyed for our sake, we are prepared even to work under Kauravas to save the race. 

Though Bhima was capable of destroying the Kauravas and desired to destroy them, he said so to elicit the popular opinion. 

Lordd Sri Krishna retorted that destroying Kauravas is dharma. Bhima said I am strong enough to do so. Lord Sri Krishna said you are very strong and praised Bhima. 

The verse in which Bhima’s remark is given suggesting his readiness to work under Kauravas to save the race has a two meaning. 

It also states that Duryodhana is responsible for the destruction of the race. After we kill him we take care of the race on this earth. 

Therefore, both Bhima and Lord Sri Krishna were for the war and destruction of the Kauravas. There was never any disagreement between Bhima and Sri Krishna. 

Lord Sri Krishna convinced Arjuna also about the necessity of war. 

Nakula asked Lord Sri Krishna to be tactful without realizing that Sri Krishna was supreme and needed no advice. Sahadeva supported war. 

Draupadi said those who have stolen our kingdom must be put down. Therefore, do not make any peace proposal. 

Lord Sri Krishna visits Hastinapur

Lord Sri Krishna proceeded to Hastinapur with Satyaki. As Lord Sri Krishna preceded, people welcomed with flowers all along the way.

Bhishma, Drona and all distinguished citizens received him. 

Sri Krishna entered Dhritarashtra’s palace. He received the hospitality of Dhritarashtra. Though he went to Duryodhana’s residence he did not receive any hospitality from him. 

Sri Krishna went to Vidura’s residence and in the evening went to Kunti’s residence.

Sri Krishna did not go to the residences of Bhishma etc as they had been indifferent when Draupadi was humiliated. 

Next day he was invited to the assembly hall and was offered a golden seat.

After exercising the courtesy greetings, Sri Krishna told Dhritarashtra that he should give back the kingdom to Pandavas. This will be for the welfare of the race and your children. 

Dhritarashtra said my son does not listen and you directly advise him. 

Duryodhana did not care for Sri Krishna’s advice and he left the hall with his associates to plan the arrest of Sri Krishna. 

Satyaki had heard the plan and informed Sri Krishna. Sri Krishna told Dhritarashtra, I am everywhere and I cannot be arrested. 

Dhritarashtra called his sons. Lord Sri Krishna revealed his Visvarupa.

Dhritarashtra, Bhishma, Drona, Vidura and Sanjaya saw it. 

While, Duryodhana’s vision was blurred by the flash of luster of the divine personality of Visvarupa. He restored the blindness to Dhritarashtra. 

Sri Krishna visited Kunti’s residence again. She told him to ask Yudhishtira to fight. 

Then he went to Karna, took him away on a chariot and told him that he is a son of Kunti and invited him to join Pandavas in the battle. Karna did not agree.

He also told Ashvattama to be friendly with Pandavas. Ashvattama agreed to be so, until his father’s death. 

Kunti met Karna and asked him to join Pandavas. He did not agree, but told her that excepting Arjuna he will not kill other Pandavas. 

Surya also appeared and told Karna to join Pandavas. He did not agree. Karna told Kunti whether I die or Arjuna is killed, she will have five children.

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