List of Saptarishis names and their unknown facts
Namaste friends, how are you doing today? Bhagavan Sri Vishnu blessings to you and your family!
Just moving forward to know about “List of Saptarishis names and their unknown facts”, let us know few basic points:
Sapta Rishi = Sapta means 7 and Rishi = Divine Sage. In every Mahayuga, there will be different Sapta Rishi. And thus in every Mahayuga, Sapta Rishis will be changing as per the instructions by Bhagavan Sri Vishnu.
The present Mahyuga’s Sapta Rishi as Kashyapa, Atri, Bharadwaja, Vishwamitra, Gautama, Jamadagni and Vashishtha.
Most of the Gotras (Family’s first divine ancestor) of Hindus start from these great and divine Sapta rishis. For example someone who is having a Gotra with Maharshi Vashishtha, then the person’s last name will be Vashishtha as his Gotra will be Vashishtha Gotra.
Now, let us move forward to know about “What are the names of Saptarishis, details, correct information”:
Details about Sapta Rishis (Seven Maharshis), their pitru / father, patni / consorts (wife) and their children?
List of Saptarishis names and their unknown facts are as given below:
1. Kashyapa – Father = Mareechi – Wives = Diti, Aditi, etc. – Children = Hiranyakashipu, Vamana, Indra, etc.
2. Atri – Father = Chatur Mukha Brahma Deva – Wife = Anusuya – Children = Datta, Soma, Durvasa
3. Bharadwaja – Father = Guru Brahaspati – Wife = Susheela – Children = Dronacharya
4. Vishwamitra – Father = Gadhiraja – Wife = Kumudhwati
5. Gautama – Father = Maharaja Rahogana – Wife = Ahalya – Children = Vamadeva, Nodha
6. Jamadagni – Father = Bhrigu – Wife = Renuka – Children = Parashurama
7. Vashishtha – Father = Chatur Mukha Brahma Deva – Wife = Arundati – Children = Shakti
Story about Rishi Panchami vrata
During the Dvapara Yuga the great Chakravarti Yudhisthira requested Bhagavan Sri Krishna to tell him about a Vrata which can make shuddhikarana (purify) from all the paapas / sins.
Thus, Bhagavan Sri Krishna told Yudhisthira about the vrata which performed by women can free them from all their paapas / sins, which is termed as “Rishi Panchami”.
Bhagavan Sri Krishna says this:
Women during their rajasvala / menstrual period are not supposed to perform any work pertaining to the household/family works.
Invariably, those women need to take rest for the all the four days (rajasvala / menstrual period).
If a woman does all these works, that woman is sure of going to Naraka / hell.
That is why a women during her rajasvala / menstrual period should be kept far from all, irrespective of whether she is a Brahmana or a Kshatriya or a Vaishya or a Shudra.
All the four varnas’ people must follow this rule.
Thus, this is the reason if one does Rishi Panchami pooja / worship, her sins during Rajasvala Dosha will be purified.
What is this rajasvala / menstrual period
Once upon a time, Sri Indra Deva had a terrible fight with an asura called Vrutrasura and finally Sri Indra Deva killed that Asura.
Sri Indra Deva got the ‘Brahmahatya dosha’, as Vrutrasura although he was an asura, Vrutrasura was a son of a Brahmana.
Thus, killing a Brahmana will fetch us ‘Brahmahatya dosha’.
After killing this Vrutrasura, Sri Indra Deva got the dosha.
Then Sri Indra Deva went to Sri Chatur Mukha Brahma Deva seeking some remedy to remove this ‘Brahmahatya dosha’.
Then Sri Chatur Mukha Brahma Deva removed Sri Indra Deva’s ‘Brahmahatya dosha’
How Sri Chatur Mukha Brahma Deva removed this ‘Brahmahatya dosha’ of Sri Indra Deva is as given below:
Sri Chatur Mukha Brahma Deva divided the ‘Brahmahatya dosha’ into four parts.
1. First part in Fire flame,
2. Second part in river water,
3. Third in Mountain & trees, and
4. In the ‘rajas’ of women.
That is why rajasvala / menstrual period women are supposed to be far from all the chatur varna people.
On the first day of her rajasvala / menstrual period, women will be impure like a Chandala stree / lady.
On the second day of her rajasvala / menstrual period, women will be impure like a Brahma Ghatini
On the third day of her rajasvala / menstrual period, women will be impure like a dobhi.
On the fourth day rajasvala / menstrual period, women will become pure. But still can’t do all the puja, pitru karya, cooking, etc.
But anyhow, that woman can attend to her daily duties other than Bhagavan’s seva (service), cooking.
On the fifth day only, she will be completely pure.
Bhagavan Sri Krishna tells one more story which is as given below:
In Vidarba desha / country, there lived a Raja / king named Shenajita.
In that desha / country there was a Brahmana called Sumitra and this Sumitra’s wife was called as Jayasri.
This woman Jayasri who was also looking after the farming work.
Once this woman Jayasri had rajasvala / menstrual period.
But without caring, Jayasri did all her regular work, and also Jayasri touched everything and every one without informing others that she was on the rajasvala / menstrual period.
After few days had past, Jayasri passed away.
Also, Jayasri’s her husband Sumitra also passed away died after some time.
Again after few days, in the same house both Sumitra and Jayasri were again born as an Ox (Sumitra) and a Dog (Jayasri) respectively and they had the power of the jatismara (that is who can remember about their earlier janma / life).
Sumitra’s son was Sumati and his wife was called as Chandravati. This Chandravati was a ‘sahadharmacharini’ (somone who follows her husband very well as per the Dharma).
One day, Sumati’s father’s Shraaddha day (yearly Shraaddha) came and he (Sumati) told his wife Chandravati to cook for the Brahmana ladies (all suhagans / suvasini) for bhojana / food and which she did.
Chandravati kept the payasam (kheer) vessel on the stove itself.
A sarpam / snake’s poison was kept in that payasam (kheer).
While a dog (Jayasri) saw the payasam (kheer) was been poisoned and thus that dog thought that if the Brahmanas eat that payasam (kheer), they may die and her (Jaysri’s) son would get ‘Brahmahatya dosha’.
Thus, that dog (Jaysri) came and touched the payasam (kheer) vessel.
Seeing that the dog (jayasri) had touched the vessel, Chandravati got angry and started to beat that dog (Jayasri) and finally threw that payasam (kheer) and prepared separate food for the shraaddha karya (shraaddha rituals).
Sumati did the shraaddha with enthusiasm and all the Brahmanas had good bhojana / food.
Chandramati dig a pit and kept all the left overs after the bhojana in a pit without even giving anything to the Dog (Jayasri) or the Ox (Sumitra) on that particular day.
Thus that Ox (Sumitra) told to Dog (Jayasri), that their son had done the shraaddha but was not given anything to eat to them.
Their conversation was heard by Sumati, their (Dog and Ox) son, who went to some Rishis / sages nearby and asked them to tell what is behind the conversation between the Dog (Jayasri) and the Ox (Sumitra).
For this all the Rishi / sages told to Sumati that his mother (Dog / Jayasri) had once ignored her Rajasvala / mentrual period and had done all the household works. Thus, she (Dog – Jayasri) has been born again as Dog.
His (Sumati’s) father (Ox – Sumitra) even after knowing that his wife was in Rajasvala / mentrual period had the samparka dosha, so he has been born as an Ox.
Thus finally, Sumati asked the Rishi / sages as to what is the remedy to free his parents from this dosha / sin.
All the Rishi / sages suggested that a vrata named “Rishi Panchami” pooja / worship has to be performed. In this pooja / worship if all the Sapta Rishis pooja is done in the correct manner then all the doshas / sins will be purified.
Now let us all know the greatness of our Great Saptarshis:
Rishi Namaskara Stotra
कश्यप: सर्वलोकाड्य: सर्वभूतहिते रत: ।
नराणां पापनाशाय ऋषिरूपेण तिष्यति ।
ಕಶ್ಯಪ: ಸರ್ವಲೋಕಾಡ್ಯ: ಸರ್ವಭೂತಹಿತೇ ರತ: |
ನರಾಣಾಂ ಪಾಪನಾಶಾಯ ಋಷಿರೂಪೇಣ ತಿಷ್ಯತಿ |
kashyapa: sarvalOkaaDya: sarvabhUtahitE rata: |
naraaNaaM paapanaashaaya RiShirUpENa tiShyati |
Maharshi Kashyapa is a ‘Brahmarshi’ and was a putra / son of Kala (the daughter of Kardama Prajapati) and Mareechi (son of Sri Chaturmukha Brahma Deva).
Maharshi Kashyapa married thirteen daughters of Daksha Prajapati.
From Maharshi Kashyapa all the Devatagans, asuras, prajas (people), plants, animals, insects, creatures, etc were born.
The thirteen consorts / wives of Maharshi Kashyapa are Sri Aditi Devi, Sri Diti Devi, Sri Danu Devi, Sri Kaala Devi, Sri Danau Devi, Sri Simhika Devi, Sri Krodha Pradha Devi, Sri Visva Devi, Sri Vinata Devi, Sri Kapila Devi, Sri Muni Devi and Sri Kadru Devi.
From Sri Aditi Devi and Maharshi Kashyapa had Dvadasha Adityas (12 Adityas) and saakshat svayam Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu was born as the son of Sri Aditi Devi and Maharshi Kashyapa in the avatar of Sri Vamana Devi to control the asura Raja Bali Chakravarti.
Maharshi Kashyapa and Sri Aditi Devi’s sons – Dvadasha Adityas (12 Adityas) names are: Dhata, Mitra, Aryaman, Shakra, Varuna, Amsa, Bhaga, Vivaswan, Pusha, Saavitri, Tvashtri, Vishnu.
Maharshi Kashyapa and Sri Diti Devi’s sons – (children of Sri Diti Devi are all daithyas): examples are Hiranyakashipu, Hiranyaksha, etc. His daughter Simhika was married to Viprachitti.
Maharshi Kashyapa and Sri Danu Devi – They had forty sons – All are called as Daanavas.
Maharshi Kashyapa and Sri Kaala Devi – They had many sons like Vinasana, Krodha, Krodhashantri, Krodasatru and others.
Maharshi Kashyapa and Sri Vinuta Devi – They had sons like Tarkshya, Aristanemi, Garuda, Aruna, Aruni & Varuni.
Maharshi Kashyapa and Sri Kadru Devi – They had sons Shesha, Vasuki, Tashaka, etc. as snakes.
Maharshi Kashyapa and Sri Muni Devi – All Apsaras took birth.
अत्रये च नमस्तुभ्यं सर्वभूतहितेषिणे ।
तपोरूपाय सत्याय ब्रह्मणेमिततेजसे ।
ಅತ್ರಯೇ ಚ ನಮಸ್ತುಭ್ಯಂ ಸರ್ವಭೂತಹಿತೇಷಿಣೇ |
ತಪೋರೂಪಾಯ ಸತ್ಯಾಯ ಬ್ರಹ್ಮಣೇಮಿತತೇಜಸೇ |
atrayE cha namastubhyaM sarvabhUtahitEShiNE |
tapOrUpaaya satyaaya brahmaNEmitatEjasE |
Maharshi Atri’s father was Sri Chatur Mukha Brahma Deva
Maharshi Atri’s wife was Sri Anusuya Devi (famously recognized as Sri Sati Anusuya Devi (she was daughter of Kardama prajapati)
Maharshi Atri’s sons are Dattatreya (avatar of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu), Durvasa (avatar of Lord Shiva) and Chandra (an amsha of Sri Chatur Mukha Brahma Deva)
Maharshi Atri is included in the Saptarshi Mandala.
Maharshi Atri is also called as Brahmarshi. Maharshi Atri Sri Anusuya Devi (daughter of Kardama Rishi and had three sons, that is, Dattatreya (avatar of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu), Durvasa (avatar of Lord Shiva) and Chandra (an amsha of Sri Chatur Mukha Brahma Deva).
All the three sons were born when Sri Anusuya Devi prayed to all the Tridevas (three Gods), that is, Sri Chatur Mukha Brahma Dev, Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu and Sri Maheshwara (Lord Shiva) to be born as her children.
Patirvrata shiromani Sati Sri Anusuya Devi
Earlier, Sri Chartur Mukha Brahma Deva, Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu and Sri Maheshwara (Lord Shiva), the Trideva (three Gods) decided to test the pativrata shiromani Sri Anusuya Devi’s paativratya. This was done Maharshi Atri was away.
Sri Chartur Mukha Brahma Deva, Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu and Sri Maheshwara (Lord Shiva) know her paativratya prabhava (significance of paativratya).
But in order to make the world to understand the greatness of Sri Anusuya Devi all the Tridevas, that is, Sri Chartur Mukha Brahma Deva, Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu and Sri Maheshwara (Lord Shiva) then did a leela, (they did this purposely to show the greatness of Sri Anusuya Devi).
The Tridevas came in the disguise of Brahmans and asked for the Bhiksha (alsm) from Sri Anusuya DEvi with the condition that she shall serve the bhiksha nudity.
Anusuya agreed for this.
Now, the great Sri Anusuya Devi was confused as to what to do and how to move forward.
She prayed the idol, which she usually worships and with her paativratya prabhaava, Sri Anusuya Devi converted the all the three Brahmanas trio (in disguise) into small babies and offered them food without any clothing on her body (in nudity).
Later, after some time, the consort of the Tridevas, that is, Sri Maha Lakshmi Devi, Sri Sarasvati and Sri Parvati Devi came in search of their husbands to the house of Sri Anusuya Devi.
All the Tridevis told that the Brahmanas who had come there were none other than the Tridevas Sri Chatur Mukha Brahma Deva, Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu and Sri Maheshwara (Lord Shiva).
Thus later Sri Anusuya Devi pleaded with her paativratya prabhaava once again and the Tridevas Sri Chartur Mukha Brahma Deva, Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu and Sri Maheshwara (Lord Shiva) got the original roopa.
Once upon a time when Maharshi Atri was doing penance severely, the yogaagni (agni coming out while doing Yoga), which came out of the penance was burning the three lokaas.
Thus, in order to cool the yogaagni, Sri Chartur Mukha Brahma Deva, Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu and Sri Maheshwara (Lord Shiva) came on Hamsa (Sri Brahma Dev’s vahana) Garuda (Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu’s vahana) and Rishaba (Lord Shiva vahana) respectively.
At this point, Maharshi Atri was worshipping sarvaantaryaami (antaryaami of all) Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu, but all the three Tridevas appeared in front of Maharshi Atri.
This happened because, Maharshi Atri was worshipping Brahma Rudraantaryaami (antaryaami of both Sri Brahma Deva and Rudra Deva) Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu.
Maharshi Atri was worshipping Vaikuntta vaasi Sri Maha Vishnu separately.
Maharshi Atri was pleading for sons like the Tridevas Sri Brahma Deva, Sri Rudra Deva and Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu.
When the Tridevas came, Maharshi Atri asked like this:
“I was worshipping only Jagadeeshwara (Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu), but how come you all the Tridevas have appeared altother.”
For this Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu replied:
“you have done the dhyana of mine (Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu) in Trimurthy. That is why we all have come.”
(We should remember that, like Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu’s roopa, the roopas of Sri Brahma Deva and Lord Shiva will not be seen separately.)
Thus Maharshi Atri got Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu as son in the Datta roopa (Dattatreya – this means Datta + atreya = someone who has give himself as datta / donation to Atri Maharshi).
Lord Shiva was born as Durvaasa Muni.
But since Sri Brahma Deva has no avatara on earth, a Devata called Chandra with the special avesha of Sri Brahma Deva was born.
Thus, Sri Chatur Mukha Brahma Deva (Chandra), Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu (Dattatreya) and Lord Shiva (Durvaasa Muni) were born as the children of Maharshi Atri and Sri Anusuya Devi.
Note: Here we should that, Bhagavan Dattatreya doesn’t has three faces. But the meaning of Dattatreya is, someone who is born as a Datta putra to the Atri Maharshi.
Here Dattatreya = Datta + Atreya = Datta (donated himself) + son of Atreya = Dattatreya. This is similar to ‘Kounteya’, that is, son of Kunti (Arjuna) or ‘Anjaneya’ that is Anjana’s son Anjaneya.
The three faces of Dattatreya is incorrect. Dattatreya is having one single face and two others born are having separate bodies (Lord Shiva as Durvaasa Muni and Sri Brahma Deva’s one avesha amsha as Chandra).
भरध्वाज नमस्तुभ्यं सदा ध्यानपरायण ।
महाजटिलधर्मात्मन् पापं संहर मे सदा ।
ಭರಧ್ವಾಜ ನಮಸ್ತುಭ್ಯಂ ಸದಾ ಧ್ಯಾನಪರಾಯಣ |
ಮಹಾಜಟಿಲಧರ್ಮಾತ್ಮನ್ ಪಾಪಂ ಸಂಹರ ಮೇ ಸದಾ |
bharadvaaja namastubhyaM sadaa dhyaanaparaayaNa |
mahaajaTiladharmaatman paapaM saMhara mE sadaa |
Maharshi Bharadvaja’s father name is Guru Sri Bruhaspati
Maharshi Bharadvaja’s mother name is Sri Mamata Devi
Maharshi Bharadvaja’s wife name is Sri Suseela Devi
Maharshi Bharadvaja’s son name is Sri Gargacharya
Maharshi Bharadvaja was brought up by Bharata Chakravarti (son of Dushyanta and Shakuntala).
Few important point about Maharshi Bharadvaja
1. Bhagavan Sri Rama Chandra Prabhu had stayed in Maharsi Bharadvaja’s ashrama during his vanavasa (forest exile).
2. In the vamsha / family of Maharshi Bharadvaja, there are many Veda drashtaara Rishis.
3. In the Pancharatra, there is one granta named Bharadvaja samhita.
4. There is ‘Bharadvaja smruti’ in the ‘Padma Purana’:
जटिलं तपसा सिद्धं यग्न सूत्राक्षधारीनं |
कुमंडलुधरं सत्यं भरद्वाजं नतोस्म्यहं |
ಜಟಿಲಂ ತಪಸಾ ಸಿದ್ಧಂ ಯಜ್ಞಸೂತ್ರಾಕ್ಷಧಾರಿಣಂ |
ಕಮಂಡಲುಧರಂ ನಿತ್ಯಂ ಭರದ್ವಾಜಂ ನತೋಽಸ್ಮ್ಯಹಂ |
jaTilam tapasA sidDham yagnasUtrAkshaDhAriNam|
kamanDaluDharam satyam bharadvAjam natosmyaham|
Maharshi Bharadvaja was born as the putra / son of Guru Sri Brihaspati (Guru of Devatagans).
Later Guru Sri Brihaspati himself was born as the son of Maharshi Bharadvaja with the name ‘Dronacharya’ (Guru for Pandavas and Kauravas).
Maharshi Bharadvaja was parents were Guru Sri Bruhaspati and Sri Mamata Devi.
After Maharshi Bharadvaja’s birth, his mother Sri Mamata Devi refused to take care of her child.
Also, Maharshi Bharadvaja’s father Guru Sri Bruhaspati refused to take care of his child.
Thus, the Marud Gana came forward to take care of Maharshi Bharadvaja’s and was handed over to Bharata Chakravarti.
Bharata Chakravarti had three wives and all had one child each. But none was so smart as Bharata Chakravarti. But to ensure that Bharata Chakravarti is not angry at them, they (three wives) killed their children.
Bharata Chakravarti was completely clueless about this and he was worried that who would be his successor.
Then the Devatagans gave the child Maharshi Bharadvaja to the king (Bharata Chakravarti). This child was brought up nice by the Bharata Chakravarti himself as his own son and finally Maharshi Bharadvaja was declared as Bharata Chakravarti’s successor.
One the other hand, Maharshi Bharadvaja was not at all interested in the political affairs. Maharshi Bharadvaja instructed the king Bharata Chakravarti to do several yajna and yagas and thus Bharata Chakravarti got one more son by the name Brumanyu.
Thus this Brumanyu was made the king and Maharshi Bharadvaja left for penance to the vana / forest.
विश्वामित्र नमस्तुभ्यं ज्वलन्मुख महाबल ।
प्रत्यक्षीकृतगायत्र तपोरूपेण संस्थित: ।
ವಿಶ್ವಾಮಿತ್ರ ನಮಸ್ತುಭ್ಯಂ ಜ್ವಲನ್ಮುಖ ಮಹಾಬಲ |
ಪ್ರತ್ಯಕ್ಷೀಕೃತಗಾಯತ್ರ ತಪೋರೂಪೇಣ ಸಂಸ್ಥಿತ: |
vishwaamitra namastubhyaM jvalanmuKa mahaabala |
pratyakShIkRutagaayatra tapOrUpENa saMsthita: |
Some information about Maharshi Vishwamitra:
1. The great Maharshi Vishwamitra was born as a Kshatriya to Gadhiraja and obtained the status of a Brahmana after doing tapas for thousands of years.
2. The great Maharshi Vishwamitra had the distinction of becoming the Guru for svayam Bhagavan Sri Rama Chandra Prabhu in Ayodhya.
3. The great Maharshi Vishwamitrais known for his very hard, steady and tremendous tapas. He bacame a Brahmana, Maharshi and also Brahmana by doing really long long long tapas for thousands of years.
4. The great Maharshi Vishwamitrais termed as “vishwamitra” because he was very friendly with almost most of the people (vishwamitra = vishwa + mitra = world + friend = friend with almost everyone).
5. The great Maharshi Vishwamitra too Bhagavan SriRama Chandra Prabhu and Lakshmana to Siddashrama and did the samarpana of all his vidyas (knowledge) to both of them and requested Bhagavan Sri Rama Chandra Prabhu to kill Tataki, Maricha, Subahu.
6. The great Maharshi Vishwamitra even though once had got seduced by the Deva Kanya Sri Menaka and begotted a daughter Shakuntala.
But later once again another Deva Kanya Sri Urvashi who was much more beautiful and attractive than Sri Menaka tried to seduce ‘The great Maharshi Vishwamitra’, but was completely failed.
[This happened as per the likings of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu, as a great king had to be born in the future, that is, Bharata Chakravarti. If a great king has to be born means, then the parents should also be great.]
[Thus both the greats Maharshi Vishwamitra and Sri Menaka gave birth Shakuntala. And this beautiful Shakuntala gave birth to the Great Bharata Chakravarti, who became the ‘eka maatra samrat’ (single king of the world) of the whole world].
This is the greatness of our ‘The great Maharshi Vishwamitra’.
गौतम: सर्वलोकानां ऋषीणां च सदा प्रिय: ।
श्रौतानां कर्मणां चैव संप्रदायप्रवर्तक: ।
ಗೌತಮ: ಸರ್ವಲೋಕಾನಾಂ ಋಷೀಣಾಂ ಚ ಸದಾ ಪ್ರಿಯ: |
ಶ್ರೌತಾನಾಂ ಕರ್ಮಣಾಂ ಚೈವ ಸಂಪ್ರದಾಯಪ್ರವರ್ತಕ: |
gautama: sarvalOkaanaaM RiShINaaM cha sadaa priya: |
shroutaanaaM karmaNaaM chaiva saMpradaayapravartaka: |
About Maharshi Gautama
1. Maharshi Gautama is the author of ‘Tarka’ (or ‘Tarka shastra’), that is, ‘Logic’ and wrote sutras called “Gautama Sutras” pertaining to ‘Nyaya shastra’ (truth).
2. Bhagavan Sri Rama Chandra Prabhu by virtue of just touching his foot, a rock turned a woman, that is Sri Ahalya Devi. This Sri Ahalya Devi was other then wife of Maharshi Gautama. Sri Ahalya Devi had become a stone due to the shraapa / curse of her own husband.
3. Maharshi Gauthama had done excess penance, beyond his capacity. Thus to reduce the phala (rewards) Bhagavna Sri Maha Vishnu made Maharshi Gautama to curse at Sri Indra Deva and loose his tapa phala (tapas’ rewards) and thus Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu made Maharshi Gautama to curse both Sri Indra Deva and Sri Ahalya Devi.
4. Once upon a time, there was huge feminine in the whole country. But only place where there was no problems was at the ashrama of our Maharshi Gautama.
This happened as our Maharshi Gautama had the great punya phala (sacred rewards) by doing great tapas (penance) earlier.
जमदग्निर्महातेजा: तपसा कल्पितं धनं ।
लोकेषु धर्मसिद्द्यर्थं सर्वपापं निवर्तय ।
ಜಮದಗ್ನಿರ್ಮಹಾತೇಜಾ: ತಪಸಾ ಕಲ್ಪಿತಂ ಧನಂ |
ಲೋಕೇಷು ಧರ್ಮಸಿದ್ದ್ಯರ್ಥಂ ಸರ್ವಪಾಪಂ ನಿವರ್ತಯ |
jamadagnirmahaatEjaa: tapasaa kalpitaM dhanaM |
lOkEShu dharmasiddyarthaM sarvapaapaM nivartaya |
About Maharshi Jamadagni
Maharshi Jamadagni’s father was Rishi Ruchika
Maharshi Jamadagni’s mother was Sri Satyavati Devi
Maharshi Jamadagni’s wife name was Sri Renuka Devi
Maharshi Jamadagni’s sons names were Parashurama, Rumanvanta, SuShENa, Vasu and Vishvavasu
Maharshi Jamadagni’s great assets were Kaamadhenu (a divine cow) and his tapas / penance.
About birth of Jamadagni
Once upon a time in the Treta Yuga, there lived a king named Maharaja Gadhi.
This Maharaja Gadhi had a beautiful daughter and her name was Satyavati.
Rishi Rucheeka asked the king to get her (Satyavati) married to him.
For this Maharaja Gadhi asked for kanya shulka (kanya dakshina). This is as give below:
“One who wish to marry his daughter must bring in 1,000 horse, which has one of its ears black color and the remaining body of the horse shall be white in color”.
Rishi Ruchika agreed to this and went to Devata Sri Varuna Deva.
Sri Varuna Deva in turn agreed to give the required number of horses in the desired quality.
Thus, Rishi Ruchika handed over all the horses to the Maharaja Gadhi and got his daughter (Satyvati) married to him.
Maharaja Gadhi was able to realize the greatness and “tapas” of the Rishi Ruchika and he sought the Rishi to get a male child through a yajna, as he did not had male child.
Rishi Ruchika agreed to this and did different ‘abhimantrana’ of “charu” and gave one for his wife and one for his mother-in-law.
Both his wife and mother-in-law took the “charu” separately meant for them.
But here, Rishi Ruchika’s mother-in-law thought, “as the husband has more love for his wife, he would have kept more ‘mantra shakti’ for his wife”.
Thus, this mother-in-law asked her daughter Satyvati “to interchange the same”, which Satyvati agreed.
Thus now, Maharaja Gadhi’s wife took the “charu” meant for Satyavati and Satyavati took the “charu” meant for her mother.
Rishi Ruchika came to know about this later.
Rishi Ruchika had done the abhimantrana of “charu” with the intention of “Kshatriya” quality son for his father-in-law and a “Brahmana varchasvi” as his own son.
Thus Rishi Ruchika didn’t liked the interchange which his wife and his mother-in-law had done.
But, however, with his mantra shakti, Rishi Ruchika got a Brahmana varchasvi son in the form of Jamadagni.
Thus, in this way Rishi Ruchika got sage Jamadagni as his son, who in turn got Bhagavan Sri Parashurama with Kshatriya Tejas. While, Maharaja Gadhi got son by name Kaushika, who is famous as sage Vishwamitra.
Jamadagni Rishi had the distinction of becoming the father of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu’s avatar of Bhagavan Sri Parashurama.
Story of Jamadagni and his son Parashurama:
Once in Treta Yuga Sri Renuka Devi (Jamadagni’s wife and Bhagavan Sri Parashurama’s mother) had gone to bring water.
At the particular time, a Gandharva named ‘Chitraratha’ had come with his wives for ‘jalakreeda’ in a nearby river.
Sri Renuka Devi upon seeing them also dreamed of such a sukha (happiness), for a fraction of a second.
Rishi Jamadagni on seeing her realized that she had been a ‘maanasika vyabhichaara’ (mentally thinking about intimacy).
Thus, Rishi Jamadagni rejected Sri Renuka Devi and asked his sons to remove her head immediately.
The first four sons refused to do so and as they refuesed the ‘pitru vaakya paripaalana’ (to fulfill the words of father), Rishi Jamadagni cursed them to die.
Thus, all the first four sons of Rishi Jamadagni died after this curse.
Now, it’s the job of the fifth son Bhagavan Sri Parashurama.
Bhagavan Sri Parashurama who had gone to forest for bringing samith (dry wooden sticks).
Rishi Jamadagni ordered Bhagavan Sri Parashurama to do kill his mother immediately.
Bhagavan Sri Parashurama, without even a single hesitation removed his own mother’s head instantly.
Now Rishi Jamadagni was pleased with is son Bhagavan Sri Parashurama and asked his son to seek the boons.
Bhagavan Sri Parashurama immediately sought the boon that his mother and brothers to get back the life. Bhagavan Sri Parashurama also asked for the boon that his mother shall not have the sin of ‘vyabhichaara’ and his brothers shall not have the sin of not fulfilling the ‘pitru vaakya paripaalana’.
Rishi Jamadagni offered both of these boons and all their (Rishi Jamadagni’s 4 sons and wife’s sins) sins were cleared and they all got back life again.
Story of Jamadagni and Kartaveeryarjuna
Once in Treta Yuga, the king by name Kartaveeryarjuna (Karta + Veerya + Arjuna), who had the blessings of Bhagavan Sri Dattatreya (son of Maharshi Atri), went for hunting into forests.
There Kartaveeryarjuna was very tired and was needed some rest. Thus to take rest Kartaveeryarjuna went to the an ashrama of Rishi Jamadagni.
At this time Rishi Jamadagni called his Daivi / divine Go (cow) Kamadhenu and gave a very good hospitality with very highly tasty and nutritious food to Kartaveeryarjuna and his soldiers.
King Kartaveeryarjuna asked Rishi Jamadagni, as to how he could give such a great hospitality to them all in no time (there were thousands of soldiers in the Kartaveeryarjuna’s army).
Rishi Jamadagni told the importance of the Daivi / divine Go (cow) Kaamadhenu to Kartaveeryarjuna.
Rishi Jamadagni explained the powers the Daivi / divine Go (cow) Kaamadhenu has.
After hearing the greatness of the Daivi / divine Go (cow) Kaamadhenu, Karthaveeryarjuna wished to have that cow for himself.
Thus, Kartaveeryarjuna took the Kaamadhenu and it’s calf forcefully with him to his palace.
Rishi Jamadagni could not do any thing at this point of juncture, as he didn’t like to see blood in his ashrama and also Rishi Jamadagni had promised his son Bhagavan Sri Parashurama that he will always be in study mind and in peace of mind (this happened when Bhagavan Sri Parashurama’s 4 brothers and his mother came back to life).
Bhagavan Sri Parashurama, who was away came back to his father’s ashrama and learnt about everything that happened in his absence.
Thus Bhagavan Sri Parashurama went to the King Kartaveeryarjuna’s place and asked King Kartaveeryarjuna to give back the Daivi / divine Go (cow) Kaadhenu to him.
But King Kartaveeryarjuna insisted that he won’t give back the Kaamadhenu cow and started to fight with Bhagavan Sri Parashurama.
Thus in the fight Bhagavan Sri Parashurama killed Kartaveeryarjuna and brought back the Daivi / divine Go (cow) Kaamadhenu and it’s calf back to his father’s ashrama.
Later, Kartaveeryarjuna’s sons again came back to Rishi Jamadagni’s ashrama and killed the Rishi Jamadagni (at this time also Bhagavan Sri Parashurama was absent), who was on doing meditation.
Later Parashurama on his return took the oath that ‘such entire Kshatriya parampara would be killed by him shortly’.
Bhagavan Sri Parashurama did the same by killing all the “dusta Kshatriyas” (inhuman Kshatriyas) and constructed the “samantapanchaka” named pond for ‘Rakta tarpana’ (blood bath of type) for the pitrus in a place called Kurukshetra.
After this, Rishi Jamadagni was included in the ‘saptarshi’ group.
Maharshi Vashishtha and Arundhati
नमस्तुभ्यं वसिष्टाय जटिलाय महात्मने ।
धर्मरूपाय सत्याय लोकानां हितकारिणे ।
ನಮಸ್ತುಭ್ಯಂ ವಸಿಷ್ಟಾಯ ಜಟಿಲಾಯ ಮಹಾತ್ಮನೇ |
ಧರ್ಮರೂಪಾಯ ಸತ್ಯಾಯ ಲೋಕಾನಾಂ ಹಿತಕಾರಿಣೇ |
namastubhyaM vasiShTaaya jaTilaaya mahaatmanE |
dharmarUpaaya satyaaya lOkaanaaM hitakaariNE |
अभ्यर्णपतिका देवी वसिष्टस्य प्रिय: सदा ।
अरुंधतीति विख्याता तां नमस्यामि सर्वदा ।
ಅಭ್ಯರ್ಣಪತಿಕಾ ದೇವೀ ವಸಿಷ್ಟಸ್ಯ ಪ್ರಿಯ: ಸದಾ |
ಅರುಂಧತೀತಿ ವಿಖ್ಯಾತಾ ತಾಂ ನಮಸ್ಯಾಮಿ ಸರ್ವದಾ |
abhyarNapatikaa dEvI vasiShTasya priya: sadaa |
aruMdhatIti viKyaataa taaM namasyaami sarvadaa |
The great Maharshi Vashistta was a great ‘tapasvi’ and he had the distinction of getting Bhagavan Sri Vedavyasa Ji (an avatar of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu) as his great grandson.
The great Maharshi Vashistt’s son was Sakti. Sakti’s son was Parasara.
Bhagavan Sri Vedavyasa Ji was born to the couple Rishi Parasara and Sri Satyavati Devi.
The great Maharshi Vashistta was the chief priest and advisor for entire vamsha (family) of Suryavamsha (Dasharatha Maharaja family).
Under the great Maharshi Vashistta’s pourohithya (priest) only Bhagavan Sri Rama Chandra Prabhu married Sri Maha Lakshmi avatar Sri Sita Devi.
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