List of Ashta Vasus names (unknown facts) (Purushottama masam relationship)

Namaste friends, how are you doing today? Bhagavan Sri Vishnu blessings to you and your family!

First let us know the meaning of the word ‘Ashta Vasu’:

Ashta Vasu = Ashta + Vasu = Eight + Vasu (a group of Devatas).

Vasus are a class of Vedic Devatas / deities and they are eight in number and thus they are known as ‘Ashta Vasus’.

These are the elemental Devatas / Demigods who are associated with Indra Deva (Lord of Svarga / Heaven).

Ashta Vasus represent the basic aspects of nature, that is, cosmic natural phenomenon and they are as given below:

Prithvi / Earth

Agi / Fire

Jala / Water

Vayu / Wind

Akasha / space / sky

Surya / Sun

Chandra / Moon 

Nakshatras / Stars

All the names of the ‘Ashta Vasus’ differ in their nomenclature names in various grantas / sacred texts and puranas. 

There is no similarity in the list of the names.

This could be because, they are the same set known names, but with different variety of names, that is, same Vasus, but one Vasus may have different names.

(This to similar to the common people on earth, who usually have different names, that is, one person with more than one name).

List of Ashta Vasus names (unknown facts) are as given below:

Names of ‘Ashta Vasus’ as per few of versions are as given below:

One is as below:

1. Ahas

2. Anala

3. Anila

4. Dhara

5. Dhruva 

6. Pratyuusha

7. Prabhaasa

8. Soma

Second is as below:

1. Anala (paavaka-agni-fire)

2. Anila (praana-vaayu-air)

3. Apa (jala-varuna-water)

4. Dhara (bhoomi-earth)

5. Dhruva (Nakshathra-star)

6. Prabhaasa (light-brilliance-radiance)

7. Pratyuusha (dawn)

8. Soma (divine nectar-nourisher)

Third is as given below:

1. Drona

2. Dhruva

3. Dosha

4. Arka

5. Agni

6. Dyau

7. Praana

8. Vibhavasu

Here we should note that, Anala is one of the names of Ashta Vasus. 

Similarly, Anala is another name of Fire god Agni which is insatiable. 

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is also known as Anala (we can refer this with the shloka no. 32, 76 of Vishnu Sahasranama stotram), means, he is the one whose strength and energies are infinite and unlimited, have no bounds and is insatiable.

Among Ashta Vasus, Anala (Agni) stands first. 

Anila is another name of ‘Praana, that is, Vayu Deva (The Air God). 

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is known as Anilah (shloka no. 25 of Sri Vishnu Sahasranama stotram). 

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is the main life force and the source of life for everyone and without Bhagavan Sri Vishnu even Vayu / air can’t sustain by itself.

Also similarly, Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is called as Somah (shloka no. 54 of Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram) the divine nectar (and provider of nectar) and the nourisher & protector of all the vegetation.

Vasu (read is Vasu and not as Vaasu) means dweller or dwelling. 

In shloka no. 29, 74 of Sri Vishnu Sahasranama stotram, we can find a reference to the word Vasu. Here Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is eulogized as Vasuh. 

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is the dweller from everywhere and everything  dwells in Him. 

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is popularly known as ‘Vasudeva’ (read as Vaasudeva and not Vasudeva), that is, he the head of ‘Vasus’ (read as Vasu and not as Vaasu). 

Meaning of Vaasudeva = Vaasu + Deva, that is, Deva means the Lord and Vaasudeva (Vishnu) is the lord of ‘Vasus’ (read as Vasu and not as Vaasu). 

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is the one who Himself is a ‘Vasu’. 

In Bhagavad Gita of ‘Vibhooti Yoga’, in 10th chapter, Bhagavan Sri Krishna says that, “Vasuunaam Paavakaschaasmi”, that is, ‘I am (Bhagavan Sri Krishna) the Agni among Vasus’, (Paavaka is another name of Agni Deva).

In the 28th Dvapara Yuga (the Yuga when Bhagavan Sri Krishna was born), ‘Ashta Vasus’ took birth on earth as sons of the Goddess Ganga Devi and Kuru Kingdom Raja Shantanu due to a curse from Maharshi Vasishtta. 

Among eight, seven of them got liberated from this mortal world as soon as they took birth, whereas the eighth one by name Dyau (Prabhasa) had to endure a longer life.

This Vasu named Dyau was none other than the great warrior of Mahabharata fame Bhishma (Devavrata). 

Also, we should note that, Bhagavan Sri Krishna’s foster father Nanda Gopa was an avatar of one of the Ashta Vasus and his name was Drona (not the Dronacharya). 

Along with Ekadasha (11) Rudras + Dvadasha (12) Aadityas + Prajapati + Vashatkaara, ‘Ashta Vasus’ (8 Vasus) form a significant group of 33 number main Devatas / Demigods.

Ekadasha Rudras according to Padma Purana/Srimad Bhagavata are as give below:

Manyu

Manu

Mahanasa

Mahan

Shiva

Rta-Dhvaja

Ugra-Reta

Bhava

Kaala

Vaamadeva

Dhrta-Vrata

Dvadasha Adityas (12 Adityas) names are as given below:

AruNa

Aryama

Babhasti

Bhaanu

Divaakara

HiraNyarEtasa

Indra

Mitra

Ravi

Surya

Tapana

ViShNu

Ashta Vasus are Devatas / Demigods who dwell in the terrestrial region.

Significance of Bhagavan Sri Vishnu as Antaryaami (who is present as divine inside) of Ashta Vasus:

‘Adhika Maasa’ is the most pavitra maasa / sacred month dedicated to the most sacred Bhagavan Sri Vishnu. 

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is the ‘Maasa Niyaamaka’ (main controller of that month) of ‘Adhika maasam’ in the name Purushottama. 

For this reason, Adhika Maasam is also referred as Purushottama Maasam.

Ashta Vasus (8) + Ekadasha Rudras (11) + Dvadasha adityas (12) + Prajaapati (1) + Vashatkaara (1):

Thus making a total of 33, together are the Presiding Deities of Adhika Maasam (see above for the names of these Gods) with Bhagavan Sri Vishnu in the name of Purushottama (another name of Bhagavan Sri Vishnu) being the governing Lord and Antaryaami (who is present as divine inside).

Let us one by one know Bhagavan Sri Vishnu’s names with explanation as the antaryaami of different Vasus:

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu as antaryaami of the Vasu named Drona

No can be equal to or above Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is the primordial Sarvottama / Supreme Bhagavan.

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is the ultimate, he pervades the many, various and different objects of multiverses and all the souls.

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu stays as the inner soul of every living and non-being.

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu protects and enjoys all entities in the multiverses, but still remains unscathed by their faults. 

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is indestructible.

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is present since the unknown time and will remain until the grand infinite period.

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is the solitary unique soul of outstanding excellence. 

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is the mega spirit present in every being of the multiverses and the only Aatman (soul) that existed in the beginning before the creation of the multiverses. 

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is the one who dwells in each and every element of this multiverses and everything dwells in Him.

ऎकॊ विष्णुर्–महद्–भूतं पृथग्भूता न्यनॆकशः ।

त्रीन्लॊकान् व्याप्य भूतात्मा भुङ्क्तॆ विश्वभुगव्ययः ॥ 20 ॥

eko vishhNur-mahadbhootaM pRithag-bhootaanyanekashaH |

Trii.nlokaan-vyaapya bhootaatmaa bhu.nkte vishvabhug-avyayaH ॥ 20 ॥

This is taken from ‘Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram – Phala Shruti’ shloka no. 20.

Ancient Hindu scripts declare Bhagavan / God as “Eko Vishnu Mahadbhootah”, that is, there is only one gigantic presence in the world and that is none other than Bhagavan Sri Vishnu who is present in everything and everywhere.

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is matchless and unparalleled in excellence, he is the primordial Sarvottama / Supreme Lord, the mega spirit, pervades the many, in various forms and different objects of multiverses.

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu lasting as the inner soul of everyone, He protects and enjoys all entities in the multiverses and yet remains unscathed by their faults and He is indestructible.

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is free from all imperfections and possessor of auspicious, best and unlimited attributes.

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is the one who is always joyous and the one who gives delight (Aananda) to the multiverses. Thus he is known as ‘aatma kaama’.

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is the origin of happiness, the ultimate abode of delight and is perennially blissful. 

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is the remover of all sorrows.

Bhagavan Sri Jishnu as the antaryaami  of Vasu named Dhruva

Sri Jishnu is one of the names of Bhagavan Sri Vishnu. 

In ‘Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram’, Bhishma describe Bhagavan Sri Vishnu as “Vishum Jishnum MahaaVishnum PrabhaVishnum”. 

Here ‘Jishnu’ means the one who is always victorious, the one who always vanquish, the one who is always triumphant, the one who always excels etc.

Jishnu is one of the salient features of the Sarvottama / Supreme Bhagavan Sri Vishnu.

Bhagavan Sri Jishnu is the Sarvottama / Supreme Lord is ever victorious. 

Bhagavan Sri Jishnu is the personification of ‘Vijaya and Jaya’ (victorious and always victorious). 

Bhagavan Sri Jishnu is invincible. 

Bhagavan Sri Jishnu’s very nature is ‘victory’ and is always triumphant. 

Bhagavan Sri Jishnu’s very name, thought and devotion bring victory to His devotees. 

Vijaya (victory) is one of the unlimited names of Bhagavan Sri Vishnu (Sri Vishnu Sahasranaama Stotra sloka no. 16).

Bhagvan Sri Jishnu is the one who grants success in all endeavors (Vijaya / Victory) to the deserving as per his / her capabilities.

Bhagavan Sri Jishnu / Vishnu is both ‘Vijaya’ and ‘Jaya’.

Bhagavan Sri Jishnu / Vishnu is ‘Vijayo-Jaya Vardhana’, that is, the someone who always flourishes in victory.

Bhagavan Sri Keshava as the antaryaami of the Vasu named Praana

Sri Keshava is one of the popular names of Bhagavan Sri Vishnu. 

Name Sri Keshava is considered as ‘Moolaroopa’ (original form) of the Primordial Sarvottama / Supreme Bhagavan Sri Vishnu. 

Sri Keshava is the origin and governing Bhagavan / Lord of Brahma Deva + Rudra Deva.

The name ‘Kesha’ is a Sanskrit name word. It’s meaning is hair(s) or a ray of light. 

Thus the meaning of the name Keshava is, the one who has got a very long and beautiful hair with golden color. Those hairs are very charming, filled with supreme sugandha / fragrance.

Sri Keshava is the someone, who is the tormentor of his enemies, and the one who’s very chanting removes sorrows and sufferings. 

Without chanting of the name Keshava (Sri Kesavaaya Namaha) none of the Vedic rituals begins.

Another meaning of the name Keshava is, someone who is the slayer of the demon named ‘Keshi’ and hence is referred as Keshiha. 

Bhagavan Sri Krishna is famously called as ‘Keshava’. 

We can easily find a reference to the name ‘Keshava’ in the shloka no. 3 and 69 of Sri Vishnu Sahasranaama Stotram.

कालनॆमिनिहा वीरः शौरिः शूरः जनॆश्वरः ।

त्रिलॊकात्मा त्रिलॊकॆशः कॆशवः कॆशिहा हरिः ॥ 69 ॥

Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu as the antharyaami of the Vasu named Dosha

In the very first shloka of Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram, Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is referred to as ‘Bhoota-Bhavya-Bhavat-Prabhuh’. 

Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu is Lord of the past (bhoota), present (bhavya) and future (bhavat). 

Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu is the ‘Mahadbhootah’, that is, someone who is an ultimately and gigantically present in this multiverses. 

Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu is the ‘Bhootaatma’, that is, someone who dwells in all beings and is present in everything and everywhere.

Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu is beyond description. 

Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu is the greatest and ultimate Bhagavan / God, that is, someone who is all pervasive, eternal, beyond all boundaries and for whom there is no limit either by space, time or location. 

Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu is the one who has infinite number of forms and He dwells in the entire multiverses. 

Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu is invincible and omnipresent. 

Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu’s glory is infinite. 

Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu is highly meritorious among the most meritorious. 

No one can describe or define Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu precisely. Starting from Sri Lakshmi Devi, Sri Brahma Deva, Sri Sarasvati Devi, Sri Rudra Deva, Sri Parvati Devi, Sri Indra Deva etc etc etc, no one can’t precisely describe Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu.

Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu is the Lord of Lords, that is, Sarvottama / Supreme Bhagavan.

Bhagavan Sri Hari as the antaryaami of the Vasu named Arka

The name ‘Hari’ refers to the green colored Supreme Bhagavan Sri Vishnu. He is called as Sri Hari and is he ‘saakshaat’ (yes definitely) the ‘Parabrahma’ Bhagavan Srimann Narayana the ‘Moksha kaaraka’, that is, someone who is the destroyer (Hari) of the cycle of birth and death. 

Sri Hari also means the one who steals, that is, someone who steals (destroys) our ignorance.

Bhagavan Sri Krushna as the antaryaami of the Vasu named Agni

In the 10th chapter of the Great Bhagavad Gita, that is in the ‘Vibhooti Yoga’, Bhagavan Sri Krushna (Krishna) says that, “Vasuunaam Paavakaschaasmi”, that is, ‘I am (Sri Krishna) the Agni among all the Vasus’. Paavaka is another name of Agni.

Even though he is called by various names like Keshava, Govinda, Damodara etc, He is very popularly and lovings known as Bhagavan Sri Krishna. 

It is said that the name Sri Krishna was suggested by Rushi / Sage Garga who had earlier meditated on this name before Sri Krishna’s birth.

(We should note that Bhagavan Sri Vishnu had this name Sri Krishna earlier itself. This name Sri Krishna and all the Bhagavan Sri Vishnu’s names are existing since the unknown time and will prevail until the grand infinite period.)

We find a reference to the name ‘Krishna’ in shloka no. 7 of Sri Vishnu Sahasra Naama Stotram’: 

‘Agraahyah shaashvathah Krishna lohitaakshah pratardanah’

The name and the word ‘Krishna’ is actually to be pronounced as ‘Krushna’ or Krshna, meaning dark in colord and is all attractive. 

In the word ‘Krushna’, ‘Krush’ refers to everlasting (shaaswata) and ‘Na’ refers to ‘sath svaroopa’. 

Krushna means Sat-Chit-Ananda, that is, someone who is complete and blissfully happy for ever.

“Karshateethi Krushnah”, meaning someone who has the character, capacity and capability of attracting anyone with his beautiful, charming, delightful, every smiling and fascinating figure. 

‘Krushnastu svayam Bhagavan’, that is, Sri Krishna on several occasions had revealed that ‘I am the Paramatma’ (I am the ultimate soul of everyone.)

Sri Krishna avatar has gained unique prominence and significance among the several avatars of Bhagavan Vishnu. 

(Note: But it doesn’t mean that other avatars are not significant. All the avatars of Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is unique and highly significant. He shows the leela / drama as per the avatar, as per time, as per the people present around him, as per the requirement etc.)

Sri Krishna’s preaching through Bhagavad Gita is a Divine gift to the mankind which is accepted across the world.

The story of Bhagavan Sri Krishna never ends. 

All have their own capability and our capacity to describe Sri Krishna is limited and when our limit is reached we abandon it half way.

Bhagavan Sri Adhokshaja as the antaryaami of the Vasu named Dyau

Sri Adhokshaja is one of the unlimited names of Bhagavan Sri Vishnu. 

We can find a reference to this name in shloka no. 44 of Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram. 

वैकुण्ठः पुरुषः प्राणः प्राणदः प्रणवः पृथुः ।

हिरण्यगर्भः शत्रुघ्नॊ व्याप्तॊ वायुरधॊक्षजः ॥ 44 ॥

Adhokshaja is one of the great features of the Sarvottama / Supreme Bhagavan Sri Vishnu.

Here, ‘Akshaja’ means knowledge emanating from senses. 

Adhokshaja is, someone who is beyond perception through senses, beyond knowledge acquired through senses, the one who has eternal knowledge which will never degenerate or perish.

In the ‘Sri Venkatesha Stotram’ from ‘Brahmanda Purana’, Sri Venkateshwara (Bhagavan Balaji) is addressed as ‘Adhokshaja’. 

For ordinary human beings he is just a ‘Shila Vigraha’ (statue), but at ‘Tirumala Kshetra’, Sri Venkateshwara is standing in His original roopa / form (Aprakruta – someone who is not natural or simple like others starting from Brahma Deva) and is beyond our perception.

Bhagavan Sri Madhava as the antaryaami as the Vasu named Vibhavasu

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is called as ‘Madhava’, that is, he is the consort of ‘Madhavi’ (Goddess Lakshmi name), that means, the one who is bestower to all and Lord of Superior Knowledge.

Sri Madhava is the profounder or the one who advocates or the one who promulgate the knowledge of the Supreme being (Himself).

Sri Madhava is someone who directs an individual towards performing of good deeds and attaining true knowledge.

Sri Madhava is “Madhavo-Madhusoodhana”, that is, someone who is as sweet and delicious as ‘Madhu’ (divine honey) and also someone who is a great nourisher.

Also, Sri Madhava is someone who is the slayer of demon named Madhu; the one who was born in the clan of King Madhu. Thus he is known as ‘Madhusudana’.

We find a reference to the words Madhava / Madhusudana in shloka no. 8,18,78 of Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram.

ईशानः प्राणदः प्राणॊ ज्यॆष्ठः श्रॆष्ठः प्रजापतिः ।

हिरण्यगर्भॊ भूगर्भॊ माधवॊ मधुसूदनः ॥ 8 ॥

वॆद्यॊ वैद्यः सदायॊगी वीरहा माधवॊ मधुः ।

अतीन्द्रियॊ महामायॊ महॊत्साहॊ महाबलः ॥ 18 ॥

ऎकॊ नैकः सवः कः किं यत्तत्–पदम नुत्तमम् ।

लॊकबन्धुर्–लॊकनाथॊ माधवॊ भक्तवत्सलः ॥ 78 ॥

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Sri Gurubhyo Namaha

Sri Krishnaaya Namaha

Sri Krishnaarpanamastu

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