Atri Maharshi information (facts, meaning, story, history, wife, children) | Who are the three sons of Atri Rishi? | Who is the wife of Atri Rishi? | Who was Atri in Mahabharata? | Who is Atri Rishi history?

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Just before going to “Atri Maharshi information (facts, meaning, story, history, wife, children) | Who are the three sons of Atri Rishi? | Who is the wife of Atri Rishi? | Who was Atri in Mahabharata? | Who is Atri Rishi history?“, let us know a brief, basic and very important information.

Maharishi Atri parents names is : Lord Sri Brahma Deva (father). He is a ‘Brahma Manasa Putra’, that is, born from the mind of Lord Sri Brahma Deva and thus he doesn’t has mother.

Maharishi Atri consort (wife) name is : Anasuya (Anusuya Devi). Anasuya means, Anasuya = Ana + asuya = Never + jealousy. She was never getting jealousy of anything of anyone.

Maharishi Atri children (three) names are : Durvasa (Lord Shiva avatar), Chandra (Lord Brahma part / amsha / ansh avatar) and Dattatreya (Lord Sri Vishnu).

Maharishi Atri, who was born from Lord Sri Brahma Deva’s eyes and the Lord Sri Vishnu-Dharma, is said to rule the other stars of the Great Bear (Ursa Major in Hinduism) identifying Maharishi Kratu with the star α Dubhe;

Similarly Maharishi Pulaha with β Merak; Maharishi Pulastya with γ Phecda; Maharishi Atri with δ Megrez; Maharishi Angiras (Angirasa) with ε Alioth; Maharisihi Vasishtha with ζ Mizar; Maharishi Bhrigu with η Alkaid.

Maharishi Atri is among the Saptarshi Mandala (seven luminous or eternal sages in the sky) symbolized by the Great Bear (or “Ursa Major” in Latin) and the seven stars around it, named Megrez in Arabic (the root of the tail). The star is also considered as δ(Delta) or the 4th star in the Great Bear constellation.

Saptarshi, among several meanings, are described as “The seven solar rays” (Sapta-rishayaha) by the Rishi Yaska. Collectively, they are also called Pitarah, that is, the Fathers. Maharshi Atri’s wife was Sri Anusuya Devi [famously recognized as Sri Sati Anusuya Devi (she was daughter of Kardama Prajapati.]

Maharshi Atri is included in the Saptarshi Mandala (One of the main Sage of seven divine Sages). Maharshi Atri is also called as Brahmarshi Atri.

As said above, Maharshi Atri and Anusuya Devi (daughter of Kardama Rishi) had three sons, that is – Lord Sri Dattatreya (avatar of Lord Sri Vishnu), Durvasa (avatar of Lord Shiva) and Chandra (an amsha / part avatar of Lord Sri Brahma Deva).  

All the three sons were born when Anusuya Devi prayed to all the Tridevas (Trinity Gods), that is – Lord Sri Brahma Deva, Lord Sri Vishnu and Lord Sri Maheshwara (Lord Shiva) to be born as her children.

Information about Maharishi Atri’s consort (wife) Anusuya Devi is as given below:

Anusuya (Anasuya) Devi’s family (parents) is mentioned in Srimad Bhagavatam, Skanda III. Maharishi (Sage) Kardama married Devahuti Devi, that is, she (Devahuti Devi) was the daughter of Swayambhu Manu.

This Swayambhu Manu had nine daughters, including Anusuya Devi, each one of whom married to various Maharishis. To Maharishi (Sage) Kardama and Devahuti Devi there was son named Kapila, an avatar of Lord Sri Vishnu.

The Devarishi (Sage) Narada Muni praised Anusuya Devi in his hymns and verses, making the wives of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva jealous.

[Note : Here we should note that, this is only a vidambana / pastime of Devarishi (Sage) Narada Muni as per the instructions of Lord Sri Vishnu to him.]

Tridevis (Goddess Sri Sarasvati Devi, Goddess Sri Lakshmi Devi and Goddess Sri Parvati Devi), requested their husbands go and tempt her away from her husband, breaking her pativrata.

[Note : This is only a vidambana / pastime and nothing to do with the jealously or ego or rivalry or anything which is related to enmity. This is to teach lessons to the ordinary people and nothing else.]

Maharishi Atri’s consort (wife) is called as ‘Pativrata shiromani Sati‘, that is, she was highly loyal, devoted, virtuous to her husband.

Earlier, Lord Sri Brahma Deva, Lord Sri Vishnu and Lord Sri Maheshwara (Lord Shiva), the Trideva (Trinity Gods) decided like this: To test the ‘Pativrata shiromani Anusuya Devi’s paativratya‘, that is, to test the loyalty, devotion, virtuousness of Anusuya Devi.

This was done when Maharshi Atri was away. Lord Sri Brahma Deva, Lord Sri Vishnu and Lord Sri Maheshwara (Lord Shiva) was very much aware about her ‘paativratya prabhava’ (significance of loyalty, devotion, virtuousness, etc.)

But in order to make the world to understand the greatness of Anusuya Devi all the Tridevas (Trinity), that is, Lord Sri Brahma Deva, Lord Sri Vishnu and Lord Sri Maheshwara (Lord Shiva) then did a pastime (leela / vidambana). They all did this purposely to show the greatness and divinity of Anusuya Devi.

The Tridevas (Trinity Gods) came in the disguise of Brahmanas (Brahmins) and asked for the Bhiksha (alms) from Anusuya Devi with the condition that she shall serve the bhiksha (alms) in nudity.

The great, divine, virtuous, loyal lady Anusuya Devi agreed for this. Now, the great Anusuya Devi was confused as to what to do and how to move forward.

Anusuya Devi prayed the deity in her ashrama (hermitage), which she usually worships and with her ‘paativratya prabhaava’ (loyal impact), Anusuya Devi converted all the three Brahmana (Brahimin) trio (in disguise) into small babies and offered them food without any clothing on her body (in nudity).

Later, after some time, the consorts of the Tridevas (Trinity), that is – Goddess Sri Lakshmi Devi, Goddess Sri Sarasvati Devi and Goddess Sri Parvati Devi came in search of their husbands to the house of Anusuya Devi.

All the Tridevis (Three Goddesses) told that the Brahmanas (Brahmins) who had come there were none other than the Tridevas (Trinity), that is – Lord Sri Brahma Deva, Lord Sri Vishnu and Lord Sri Maheshwara (Lord Shiva).

Thus later Anusuya Devi pleaded with her ‘paativratya prabhaava‘ (loyalty impact) once again and the Tridevas (Trinity) got the original forms.

Information about Maharishi Atri wanted all the Tridevas (Trinity) to be his children is as given below:

Once upon a time when Maharshi Atri was doing penance (tapasya) severely, the yogaagni (fire coming out while doing Yoga), which came out of the penance was burning the three lokas (worlds).

Thus, in order to cool the yogaagni, Lord Sri Brahma Deva, Lord Sri Vishnu and Lord Sri Maheshwara (Lord Shiva) came on: Hamsa (crane bird) (Lord Sri Brahma Dev’s mount), Garuda (Eagle bird) (Lord Sri Vishnu’s mount) and Rishaba (Nandi) (Lord Shiva mount) respectively.

At this point, Maharshi Atri was worshipping ‘sarvaantaryaami (antaryami of all) Lord Sri Vishnu‘, but all the three Tridevas appeared in front of Maharshi Atri.

(Here Sarvaantaryaami means, the God who is present inside of all of us. Antaryami means, God who is present inside us.)

This happened because, Maharshi Atri was worshipping ‘Brahma-Rudraantaryaami‘ (antaryami / God present inside of both Lord Sri Brahma Deva and Lord Sri Rudra Deva), that is, Lord Sri Vishnu. Maharshi Atri was worshipping ‘Vaikuntha vaasi‘ (staying in Vaikuntha) Lord Sri Vishnu separately.

Maharshi Atri was pleading for sons like the Tridevas (Trinity), that is, Lord Sri Brahma Deva, Lord Sri Rudra Deva and Lord Sri Vishnu.

When the Tridevas (Trinity) came, Maharshi Atri asked like this: “I was worshipping only Jagadeeshwara (Lord Sri Vishnu), but how come you all the Tridevas (Trinity) have appeared altogether.”    

For this Lord Sri Vishnu replied like this: “you have done the dhyana (meditation) of mine (Lord Sri Vishnu) in all the Trimurthy (Trinity). That is why we all have come.”

(We should remember that, like Lord Sri Vishnu’s form, the forms of Lord Sri Brahma Deva and Lord Shiva will not be seen separately.)

Thus Maharshi Atri got Lord Sri Vishnu as son in the ‘Datta roopa‘ (Dattatreya – this means Datta + atreya = someone who has give himself as datta / donation to Atri (atreya) Maharshi).

Lord Shiva was born as Durvasa Muni. While, since Lord Sri Brahma Deva has no avatar on this earth, a Devata (Demigod) called Chandra with the special avesha amsha (part avatar) of Lord Sri Brahma Deva was born.

Thus, Lord Sri Brahma Deva (Chandra), Lord Sri Vishnu (Dattatreya) and Lord Shiva (Durvasa Muni) were born as the children of Maharshi Atri and Sri Anusuya Devi.

Note: Here we should that, Lord Sri Dattatreya doesn’t has three faces. But the meaning of Dattatreya is, someone who is born as a ‘Datta putra to the Atri Maharshi’. Here Dattatreya = Datta + Atreya = Datta (donated himself) + son of Atreya (Atri Maharishi) = Dattatreya.

This is similar to ‘Kounteya’, that is, son of Kunti (Arjuna) or ‘Anjaneya’ that is Anjana’s son Anjaneya. The three faces of Dattatreya is incorrect which we commonly see in the images and also in few temples.

Lord Sri Dattatreya is having only one single face and two others born are having separate bodies. (Lord Shiva as Durvasa Muni and Lord Sri Brahma Deva’s one avesha amsha / part avatar as Chandra).

The Trimurti (Trinity) channeled through Maharishi (Brahmarishi) Atri when they granted boons to his wife Anusuya Devi for helping the Sun to rise in the east everyday. Soma (Moon God) is called Chandratreya or Chandratre or Somatreya and Durvasa Muni is called as Krishnatreya or Krishnatre.

Soma or Chandra in Hinduism refers to Moon God. Somatreya (Lord Chandra / Moon God) established the Someshwara Jyotirlinga at today’s Somnath, used to overcome all kinds of passion. Lord Sri Dattatreya, as the incarnation (avatar) of Lord Sri Vishnu, has the power to cause any species to continue.

Information about birth of Maharishi Atri is as given below:

According to the Puranas legend, Lord Sri Brahma Deva went into deep meditation (upon Lord Sri Vishnu) for several thousands of years. At the termination of this meditation a drop of water fell from Lord Sri Brahma Deva’s eye which took the form of the Maharishi Atri.

Information about Atri Gotra is as given here: Maharishi Atri Gotra is from the lineage of Brahmarshi (Maharishi) Atri and Anasuya Devi, that is – all the children who were born from these two and their children (then it continuous…) are known by the ‘Gotra Atri‘.

Information about Maharishi Atri and ॐ (AUM) is as given here: Here in ॐ (AUM) there are three separate letter (alphabets), that is, अ (A), उ (U), and म (M).

Maharishi Atri as said earlier is also called as Brahmarishi Atri is among the three main seers who propounded the sacred thread (Yagnopaveetham) (Janeu) (Janivara) (after Brihaspati) which has three strands symbolizing the below:

Creation (Lord Sri Brahma Deva and the letter अ / A), sustainability (Lord Sri Vishnu and the letter उ / U) and Dissolution (Lord Shiva and the latter म / M).

Together these three strands show the vow that a Brahmin (Brahmana) takes to recite and adhere to the ‘Pranava Mantra ॐ / AUM‘. The first of three threads is provided for the ‘Brahma vrata’ (promise of the Brahmin) and is related to ‘Bhu Loka‘ (planet earth).

The second set of three threads is given after marriage and is related to the ‘Bhuva Loka‘ (solar system). The third set of three threads, that is, ‘Deeksha‘ (initiation) and is related to ‘Svarga Loka‘ (Heavens).

Information about the story of Sati Sumati and Sati Anasuya is as given below:

There was a great ‘pativrata‘ (loyal and virtuous lady) named ‘Sumati‘, who served her husband with high devotion. Sumati’s husband was afflicted by leprosy and was unable to walk also. However, one day Sumati’s husband saw a beautiful and attractive courtesan and lusty desire arose in his mind.

Sumati’s husband asked his wife (Sumati) to intervene on his behalf with the courtesan and take him there to fulfill his lusty desire. Being a pativrata lady, Sumati went to the courtesan and conveyed her husband’s desire and requested the courtesan to fulfill her husband desire.

Knowing that Sumati is a great pativrata and refusing her plea would not be in her interest and thus the courtesan agreed to satisfy Sumati’s husband desire for one night.

(Note : Those days courtesans were very well read and were God fearing ladies, though compelled to lead a profession that may not be to their liking.)

Since Sumati’s husband had no legs to walk, Sumati herself carried him in a basket on her shoulders and set out from her house after it became dark. Since it was a new moon night, and Sumati was going through a route away from the city’s lights.

It was extremely dark night and she could not see or hear the great Rishi (Sage) Mandavya who was impaled, but was silent in meditation. Sumati’s husband’s one leg brushed the body of the Rishi (Sage) Mandavya causing him a lot of pain and the Rishi cursed that the person will die at sunrise.

Sumati and her husband were greatly worried about this and returned home without completing the purpose of the ill-fated journey.

(Note : A deeper meaning given here is that, when the light of jnana (gyan) (knowledge) arises in the ones mind, all lusty and negative desires will die soon.)

Sumati, being a great ‘pativrata’, willed that the Sun should not rise in the eastern side, so that the curse of Rishi (Sage) Mandavya will not fulfill. At this juncture, the whole earth was thrown into a big disorder and the Devatas (Demigods) went to meet Lord Sri Brahma Deva.

Lord Sri Brahma Deva instructed Devatas (Demigods) to meet to Anasuya Devi (Maharishi Atri’s wife) and they all rushed to approach her. Being a divine and great ‘pativrata’ herself (Anasuya Devi), she looked at her consort (husband) Maharishi Atri.

Maharishi Atri asked Anasuya Devi to accept the consent to the request of the Devatas (Demigods) and help the worlds. Thus all the Devatas (Demigods) came to Sumati, who was sitting with the head of her husband on her lap.

When Sumati saw all the Devatas (Demigods), she was surprised and paid her respects to Anasuya Devi and others. 

Anasuya Devi requested Sumati to lift her injunction against Sunrise and help the whole world and assured Sumati that she will bring her husband back to life with her (Anasuya Devi) pativrata powers. Thus, Sumati agreed and allowed Sun to rise in the eastern side.

Anasuya Devi also brought back life of the husband of Sumati. All the Devatas (Demigods) were very satisfied and praised both Anasuya Devi and Sumati for their great and divine paativratya.

Story about Maharishi (Sage) Atri helping Lord Sri Surya and Lord Sri Chandra is as given below:

Once, there was a intense battle between Devatas (Demigods) and Rakshasas (Demons) and Lord Sri Surya Deva (The Sun God) and Lord Sri Chandra Deva (The Moon God) lost their tejas (brilliance and energy) due to Rahu and Ketu.

Thus, Lord Sri Surya Deva and Lord Sri Chandra Deva approached Maharishi (Sage) Atri and prayed for his help. Maharishi (Sage) Atri restored their brilliance, energy, so that they can carry out their duties as usual.

Maharishi (Sage) Atri also gave them a boon that in future, they would not be adversely affected (except during eclipse). This very clearly shows the greatness and power that Maharishi (Sage) Atri had because of his tapas (penance).

Information about Maharishi (Sage) Atri in Mahabharata is as given here: Maharishi (Sage) Atri had a close connection with the greatest epic of Mahabharata. In the war of Kurukshetra (Mahabharata), Dronacharya was made the head of the Kaurava army after Bhishma’s fall.

Dronacharya fought divinely and ferociously and wounded and killed thousands of soldiers and army chiefs in the war. All these soldiers and army chiefs’ cry of pain was heard in the the skies too, blood flowed on the battle field all over.

In the war of Mahabharata, dead bodies got piled up all over and provided a feast for the birds. In this huge bloodbath which went beyond all human calculations, Dronacharya stood like a super hero just like a great warrior.

Maharishi (Sage) Atri was very much worried of this, because if Dronacharya continued this, he would cause huge destruction and human misery beyond hellish proportions. Thus, Maharishi (Sage) Atri came to the battle field along with six of his companions.

It was at this time when Yudhishthira (also called Dharmaraya) had shouted at the instance of Lord Sri Krishna saying that ‘Ashwatthama was killed’ and this put Dronacharya off completely in the battlefield.

Dronacharya had lost all hope in his life. Dronacharya became mad with anger and this sent danger signal to Pandava army. Maharishi (Sage) Atri felt sad for him and talked to him in a friendly manner consoling him like this:

“Dear friend, all along you have done everything against Dharma. This war you are engaged in is the best proof.” “It is enough and stop it. Stop this bloodbath. You are a Dharmic man. This act is not in tune with your status.”

“You are a scholar of Vedic rituals beyond excellence. You have been a Brahmana (Brahmin) and you have got to practice the righ Dharma.” “This cruel act does not befit a person like you. Give up your weapons, fix your mind in our glorious Sanathana Dharma.”

“I am sorry that you have wielded the most terrible Brahmastra. That too, on the innocent soldiers of the Pandava army.” “Put an end to your meaningless killing.”

When Maharishi (Sage) Atri said this to Dronacharya, he decided to give up his arms and stop fighting. Dronacharya drove away his anger, jealousy and sense of revenge and his heart became Dharmic in nature.

Thus, finally Dronacharya sat in a yogic posture and started to meditate amidst the cries of pain, killing, carnage on the battle field. We should always remember that, this was as great change in Dronacharya.

Dronacharya concentrated on Lord Sri Krishna (Vishnu) and closed his eyes and never opened them again. Dronacharya then left his body and started his journey towards Lord Sri Krishna (Vishnu). If Maharishi (Sage) Atri had not come, Dronacharya would have destroyed the battlefield.

Thus, Maharishi (Sage) Atri’s kind nature and words helped to save many men in the warzone.

Information about Maharishi (Sage) Atri and his great tapas is as given below:

When Maharishi (Sage) Atri did great a tapas (penance) on the ‘Para Brahma’ (Lord Sri Vishnu) – the fire / heat of the tapas (penance) became unbearable to the whole world and Lord Sri Brahma Deva had to accept it and gave it a form of a man.

Lord Sri Brahma Deva also gave a boon to Maharishi (Sage) Atri that at the right time, a son would be born to him. As Maharishi (Sage) Atri continued his tapas (penance), the Trivedas (Trinity), that is, Lord Sri Brahma Deva, Lord Sri Vishnu and Lord Sri Rudra Deva (Lord Shiva) appeared before him.

To Maharishi (Sage) Atri’s question, they replied that they have different roles and pleased with his great penance and they promised to be born as his children. Thus, Lord Chandra or Lord Soma came to be known as Chandratreya or Chandratre (part avatar of Lord Sri Brahma).

Durvasa (Muni) came to be known as Krishnatreya or Krishnatre (Lord Shiva avatar). Similarly Lord Sri Vishnu came to known as Lord Sri Dattatreya (Lord Sri Vishnu avatar). Somatreya (Chandratreya) established the Someshwara Jyotirlinga (Today’s Somnath), used to overcome all kinds of passion.

Lord Chandra (Lord Soma), is amsha (part) avatar (incarnation) of Lord Sri Brahma Deva, has the power to cause any species to continue survival. 

Lord Sri Datta or Lord Sri Dattatreya (Lord Sri Vishnu) carries all the powers and attributes of the Trinity and thus the ‘Nirguna Para Brahma Tattva‘ and became a Guru and continues even today and forever.

Maharishi (Sage) Atri is the first among the ‘Sapta Rishi’ (seven luminous or eternal Sages in the sky) symbolized by the great bear (Ursa Major) and the seven stars around it.

Information about Maharishi (Sage) Atri punishing Lord Sri Indra Deva is as given below:

Once when Maharishi (Sage) Atri was in need of some money, he approached King Prithu for help. King Prithu agreed to help Maharishi (Sage) Atri, but in turn requested him to help with the ‘Aswamedha Yajna‘ that he was wanting to start.

King Prithu asked Maharishi (Sage) Atri to help his son who was appointed as guardian for the yajna ashwa (horse). Lord Sri Indra Deva wanted to cause interruption to the yajna, presumably to prevent King Prithu from getting unwanted powers.

Thus, Lord Sri Indra Deva came in disguise and stole the yajna ashwa (horse) and was carrying it away in the sky. King Prithu’s son asked Maharishi (Sage) Atri whether he should kill Lord Sri Indra Deva with his arrows.

Maharishi (Sage) Atri saw what Lord Sri Indra Deva was doing and wanted to teach him a lesson. And thus, Maharishi (Sage) Atri instructed that whoever is causing obstacles to the yajna deserves full punishment and killing that person(s) or injuring him (them) is allowed by Dharma.

Maharishi (Sage) Atri indicated that the person was none other than Lord Sri Indra Deva himself, but no one is above Dharma. Thus, the son of King Prithu shot an arrow at Lord Sri Indra Deva and thus he was badly injured in this attack.

Lord Sri Indra Deva left the ashwa (horse), but again stole it and became invisible. Maharishi (Sage) Atri made Lord Sri Indra Deva visible by absorbing Lord Sri Indra Deva’s powers (like a black body absorbs radiation) and King Prithu’s son punished him again.

The yajna was completed successfully and the King Prithu praised Maharishi (Sage) Atri.

Maharishi (Sage) Gautama, who was present there felt jealous (pretended to be so), and when Maharishi (Sage) Atri returned the compliments to King Prithu praising him as Chandra and Indra, Maharishi (Sage) Gautama objected saying that it is against Dharma.

Maharishi (Sage) Atri replied that he did not do anything wrong and asked the assembly to pass their ruling on this tricky matter. The assembly of learned Rishis (Sages) could not decide and they in turn submitted the question to Sanatkumara (Manasa Putra of Lord Sri Brahma Deva).

Sanatkumara confirmed that since a king or samrat (emperor) cannot become so without an amsha (part) of Lord Sri Vishnu in him, Maharishi (Sage) Atri did not err in equating the king to Lord Sri Indra Deva.

All the Rishis (Sages) including Maharishi (Sage) Gautama accepted this verdict of Sanatkumara.

(We should note that, it is quite probable that Maharishi (Sage) Gautama wanted to bring out the subtleties of Dharma through this incident. And of course it is possible for the great soul like Maharishi (Sage) Gautama also to momentarily succumb to the internal enemies.)

(But we should always keep in mind that the outcome of the story and the moral (Dharma) of the story are most important.)

Information about Maharishi (Sage) Atri in Ramayana is as given below:

The son of Dasharatha, that is, Lord Sri Rama during his forest exile visited Maharishi (Sage) Atri’s Ashram (hermitage). It was Maharishi (Sage) Atri who showed the way to Dandakaranya after showering his hospitality on Lord Sri Rama, Goddess Sita Devi and Lakshmana.

At his support, Goddess Sri Sita Devi requested and learnt the innermost secrets of ‘Paativrata Dharma’ from ‘Anasuya Devi’.

(Note : We should always remember that, Lord Sri Rama is an avatar of Lord Sri Vishnu and Sri Sita Devi is an avatar of Goddess Sri Lakshmi Devi. Here both Lord Sri Rama and Goddess Sri Sita Devi are showing how to respect towards elders and what one need to learn and not to learn.)

(Both Lord Sri Rama and Goddess Sri Sita Devi are aware everything, but both are teaching us on how to learn correct lessons from correct people at the right time.)

Information about Maharishi (Sage) Atri in Vedas is as given below:

Maharishi (Sage) Atri is considered to be one of the great re-discoverers of holy Mantras of Hindu Sanatana Dharma. In Maharishi (Sage) Atri’s family lineage there were a few other seers of mantras namely: Shaavaashva, Avishtir, and Purvaatithi.

There were also other great and divine Maharishi and Rishis in that lineage like: Mudgala, Uddaalaki, Shaakalaayani, Chaandogya, etc. Maharishi (Sage) Atri composed Atri-samhita (sanhita) and Atri-smriti.

Information about Maharishi (Sage) Atri’s wife Anasuya Devi is as given below:

Anusuya (Anusuya Devi), was the consort Maharishi (Sage) Atri. In the great and divine epic of Ramayana, Anusuya Devi appears living with her husband Maharishi (Sage) Atri in a hermitage in the southern part Chitrakuta forest.

Anusuya Devi was divinely pious, and continuously practiced Dharma (austerities, devotion, etc.). This allowed Anusuya Devi to attain miraculous powers with the blessings of Lord Sri Vishnu.

When Goddess Sri Sita Devi and Lord Sri Rama visited their hermitage during their forest exile, Anusuya (Anasuya) was very attentive to them and gave Goddess Sri Sita Devi a ‘लेपन / lepana‘ (similar to a paste / ointment). This ‘ लेपन / lepana’ could maintain Goddess Sri Sita Devi beauty forever.

(Note : Please remember that, Goddess Sri Sita Devi is an avatar of Goddess Sri Lakshmi Devi and doesn’t need anything to glow her beauty. Here Goddess Sri Sita Devi is showing to us to accept few divine things when elders give to us without showing any rigidity.)

Anusuya Devi was mother of Lord Sri Dattatreya, the sage-avatar of Lord Sri Vishnu, the irascible Rishi (Sage) Durvasa (avatar of Lord Shiva) and Chandra (part avatar of Lord Sri Brahma Deva). Anusuya is the daughter of Rishi (Sage) Kardama (father) and his wife Devahuti Devi (mother).

Maharishi (Sage) Kapila (An avatar of Lord Sri Vishnu) was her brother and teacher to Anusuya Devi. Anusuya Devi is extolled as Sati Anusuya, that is, the chaste wife of Maharishi (Sage) Atri. 

As said earlier in this post, Anasuya name meaning is someone who will never-ever become jealous or envy of others.

Information about Maharishi (Sage) Atri and Sati Anusuya Ashram (hermitage) is as given below:

Maharishi (Sage) Atri and Sati Anusuya Devi’s ashram (hermitage) is in Chitrakuta, located further down to the Mandakini River, 16 km from the town. This ashram (hermitage) is set amidst thick forests that round to the melody of birdsong all day whole of the year.

It was this place where Maharishi (Sage) Atri, his consort Anusuya Devi and their three sons, that is, Chandra, Dattatreya and Durvasa lived and are said to have meditated. In the great and divine epic of Ramayna, Maharishi Valmiki describes that at one time there was no rain in Chitrakuta for ten years.

There was a severe drought everywhere and nothing was left to eat or drink for humans, animals, birds, etc. Thus, during this period Maha Sati Anusuya Devi performed hard and intensive austerities and got the river Mandakini down on earth.

This led to the fresh new greenery and forests full of trees with lots of fruits which removed the sufferings of all Rishis (Sages) and other living and non-living beings. Maharishi (Sage) Atri and Maha Sati Anusuya Devi’s ashram (hermitage) at present is a very peaceful place.

Here different streams from the hills converge and form the Mandakini River. In the epic Ramayana, it is said that Lord Sri Rama along with Goddess Sri Sita Devi had visited this place to meet Maharishi (Sage) Atri and Maha Sati Anusuya Devi.

It is in this place where Maha Sati Anusuya Devi explained to Goddess Sri Sita Devi the grandeur and significance of satitva (wife’s loyalty, fidelity, etc.). The think forests of Dandakaranya start from this place of Chitrakuta.

Earlier this place of Dandakaranya was ruled by the demon King Ravana. Demon King Ravana had appointed strong rakshasas (demons) like Khara, Dushana, Viradha, etc. as its rulers. The place was infected by the terror of rakshasas (demons) before the arrival of Lord Sri Rama.

Information about Maharishi (Sage) Atri and Anusuya Devi’s ashram (hermitage) in South India is as given below:

In the earlier times, all the Maharishis and Rishis (Sages) were never staying in one place for a longtime. These Maharishis and Rishis were always travelling through out Bharata Varsha (India) and were building ashramas (hermitages).

Thus one of such kind of ashrama (hermitage) of Maharishi (Sage) Atri and Anusuya Devi is also present in South India. Both Maharishi (Sage) Atri and Anusuya Devi lived together near today’s Suchindram in Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu, located 13 km from Kanyakumari.

Maharishi Atri stotram (hymn) is as given below:

अत्रये च नमस्तुभ्यं सर्वभूतहितेषिणे ।
तपोरूपाय सत्याय ब्रह्मणेमिततेजसे ।

ಅತ್ರಯೇ ಚ ನಮಸ್ತುಭ್ಯಂ ಸರ್ವಭೂತಹಿತೇಷಿಣೇ |
ತಪೋರೂಪಾಯ ಸತ್ಯಾಯ ಬ್ರಹ್ಮಣೇಮಿತತೇಜಸೇ |

atrayē ca namastubhyaṁ sarvabhūtahitēṣiṇē |
tapōrūpāya satyāya brahmaṇēmitatējasē |

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