Maharishi Jamadagni information (facts) (details) story | Parashurama, Kartavirya Arjuna, Kamadhenu (Jamadagni) story

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Just before going to “Maharishi Jamadagni information (facts) (details) story | Parashurama, Kartavirya Arjuna, Kamadhenu (Jamadagni) story“, let us know a brief, basic and very important information.

Maharshi Jamadagni parents names are : Rishi Ruchika (father) and Satyavati (mother). | Maharshi Jamadagni’s wife name is : Renuka Devi. | Maharshi Jamadagni’s children (sons) names are : Ṛumaṇvān, Suhotra, Vasu, Viśvāvasu, and Parashurama.

Maharshi Jamadagni’s great assets were Kamadhenu (a divine cow) and his tapas / penance. Jamadagni Maharishi is one of the Saptarishi (Seven Vedic Sages). He is a descendant of sage Bhrigu, one of the Prajapatis created by Lord Brahma, the creator.

Information about birth of Maharishi (Sage) Jamadagni is as given below:

Once upon a time in the Treta Yuga, there lived a king named King Gadhi. This King Gadhi had a beautiful daughter and her name was Satyavati. Rishi Ruchika asked the king to get her (Satyavati) married to him.  

For this King Gadhi asked for ‘kanya shulka’ (kanya dakshina / gift). This is as given here: “One who wish to marry his daughter must bring in 1,000 horses, which has one of its ears black color and the remaining body of the horse shall be white in color”.

Rishi Ruchika agreed to this and went to Lord Sri Varuna Deva. Lord Sri Varuna Deva in turn agreed to give the required number of horses in the desired quality. Thus, Rishi Ruchika handed over all the horses to the King Gadhi and got his daughter (Satyavati) married to him.

King Gadhi was able to realize the greatness and “tapas” (penance) of the Rishi Ruchika and he sought the Rishi to get a male child through a yajna (fire sacrifice), as he did not had male child. 

Rishi Ruchika agreed to this and did different ‘abhi-mantrana‘ (a type of mantra) of “charu” (A type of kheer / payasa / pudding food) and gave one for his wife (Satyavati) and one for his mother-in-law (King Gadhi’s wife). Both his wife (Satyavati) and mother-in-law (King Gadhi’s wife) took the “charu” separately meant for them.

But here, Rishi Ruchika’s mother-in-law (King Gadhi’s wife) thought:As Rishi Ruchika has more love for his wife (Satyavati), he would have kept more ‘mantra shakti’ for his wife (Satyavati)“. 

Thus, this mother-in-law (King Gadhi’s wife) asked her daughter Satyavati: “to interchange (swap) the same”, which Satyavati agreed. Thus now, King Gadhi’s wife took the “charu” meant for Satyavati and Satyavati took the “charu” meant for her mother.

Rishi Ruchika came to know about this later. Rishi Ruchika had done the ‘abhi-mantrana’ of “charu” with the intention of “Kshatriya” quality son for his father-in-law (King Gadhi) and a “Brahmana varchasvi” (A Brahmin) as his own son.

Thus Rishi Ruchika didn’t liked the interchange which his wife (Satyavati) and his mother-in-law (King Gadhi’s wife) had done. But, however, with his mantra shakti, Rishi Ruchika got a ‘Brahmana varchasvi’ (A Brahmin) son in the form of Jamadagni.

Thus, in this way Rishi Ruchika got Maharishi (Sage) Jamadagni as his son, who in turn got Lord Sri Parashurama with Kshatriya Tejas as son later on. While, King Gadhi begot a son by name Kaushika, who is famous as Maharishi (Sage) Vishwamitra.

Maharishi (Sage) Jamadagni had the distinction of becoming the father of Lord Sri Vishnu’s avatar of Lord Sri Parashurama.

Story of Maharishi (Sage) Jamadagni, Renuka and their son Lord Sri Parashurama is as given below:

Once in Treta Yuga Renuka Devi [Maharishi (Sage) Jamadagni’s wife and Lord Sri Parashurama’s mother] had gone to bring water. 

At the particular time, a Gandharva (A type of Demigod) named ‘Chitraratha’ had come with his wives for ‘jala-kreeda’ (water sports) in a nearby river. Renuka Devi upon seeing them also dreamed of such a sukha (happiness), for a fraction of a second.

Maharishi (Sage) Jamadagni on seeing her realized that she had been a ‘maanasika vyabhichaara’ (mentally thinking about intimacy). Thus, Maharishi (Sage) Jamadagni rejected Renuka Devi and asked his sons to remove her head immediately.

The first four sons (To know son’s names, please see the initial part of this post) refused to do so and as they refused the ‘pitru vaakya paripaalana‘ (to fulfill the words of father).

Thus Mahairishi (Sage) Jamadagni cursed all the four of them to die. Thus, all the first four sons of Maharishi (Sage) Jamadagni died after this curse.

Now, it’s the job of the fifth son Lord Sri Parashurama. Lord Sri Parashurama who had gone to forest for bringing samith (dry wooden sticks). Maharshi (Sage) Jamadagni ordered Lord Sri Parashurama to do kill his mother immediately.

Lord Sri Parashurama, without even a single hesitation removed his own mother’s head instantly. Now, Maharishi (Sage) Jamadagni was pleased with is son Lord Sri Parashurama and asked his son to seek the boons.

Lord Sri Parashurama immediately sought the boon that his mother and brothers to get back the life.

Lord Sri Parashurama also asked for the boon that his mother shall not have the sin of ‘vyabhichaara’ (intimacy). And his brothers shall not have the sin of not fulfilling the ‘pitru vaakya paripaalana‘ (to fulfill the words of father).

Maharishi (Sage) Jamadagni offered both of these boons and all their [Maharishi (Sage) Jamadagni’s 4 sons and wife’s sins] sins were cleared and they all got back life again.

Note : Kaliyuga people are least knowledgeable. They jump to conclusions very quickly. The same can happen in this story also. What we need to note here is that Lord Sri Parasurama is directly an avatar of Lord Sri Vishnu and he knows everything.

Lord Sri Parasurama knew that his father Maharishi Jamadagni was very capable and had the power to bring back death. Therefore, Lord Sri Parasurama immediately accepted his father’s order and without any hesitation cut off his mother’s head.

Story of Jamadagni and Kartavirya arjuna is as given below:

Once in Treta Yuga, the king by name ‘Kartavirya Arjuna‘ (Karta + Veerya + Arjuna). This King Kartavirya Arjuna had the blessings of Lord Sri Dattatreya (son of Maharshi Atri and an avatar of Lord Sri Vishnu), went for hunting into forests.

There Kartavirya Arjuna was very tired and was needed some rest. Thus to take rest Kartavirya Arjuna went to the an ashram (hermitage) of Maharishi (Sage) Jamadagni.

At this time Maharishi (Sage) Jamadagni called his Daivi / divine Gau (cow) ‘Kamadhenu‘. And gave a very good and special hospitality with very highly tasty and nutritious food to Kartavirya Arjuna and his soldiers.

King Kartavirya Arjuna mesmerized with this hospitality and asked Maharishi (Sage) Jamadagni, as to how he could give such a great hospitality to them all in no time. (There were thousands of soldiers in the Kartavirya Arjuna’s army. With the blessings of Lord Dattatreya, Karavirya Arjuna had 1000 hands).

Maharishi (Sage) Jamadagni told the importance of the Daivi / divine Gau (cow) Kamadhenu to Kartavirya Arjuna. Maharishi (Sage) Jamadagni explained the powers of the Daivi / divine Gau (cow) Kamadhenu has.

After hearing the greatness of the Daivi / divine Gau (cow) Kamadhenu, Kartavirya Arjuna wished to have that cow for himself. Thus, Kartavirya Arjuna took the Kamadhenu (cow) and it’s calf forcefully with him to his palace.

Maharishi (Sage) Jamadagni could not do any thing at this point of juncture, as he didn’t like to see blood in his ashrama (hermitage). And also Rishi Jamadagni had promised his son Lord Sri Parashurama that he (Jamadagni) will always be in study mind and in peace of mind.

(This happened when Lord Sri Parashurama’s 4 brothers and his mother came back to life – Read the story as given above for more information).

Lord Sri Parashurama, who was away came back to his father’s ashram (hermitage) and learnt about everything that happened in his absence. Thus Lord Sri Parashurama went to the King Kartavirya Arjuna’s place and asked King Kartavirya Arjuna to give back the Daivi / divine Gau (cow) Kamadhenu to him.

But, King Kartavirya Arjuna insisted that he won’t give back the Kamadhenu cow and started to fight with Lord Sri Parashurama. 

Thus, in the fight Lord Sri Parashurama killed Kartavirya Arjuna and brought back the Daivi / divine Gau (cow) Kamadhenu and it’s calf back to his father’s ashrama (hermitage).

Later, Kartavirya Arjuna’s sons again came back to Maharishi (Sage) Jamadagni’s ashram (hermitage) and killed the Maharishi (Sage) Jamadagni, who was doing meditation. (At this time also Lord Sri Parashurama was absent.)

Later Lord Sri Parashurama on his return took the oath that:such entire ill Kshatriya lineage will be killed by him shortly‘.  

Lord Sri Parashurama did the same by killing all the “dusta Kshatriyas” (inhuman / ill Kshatriyas). And constructed the “samanta panchaka” named pond for ‘Rakta tarpana’ (blood bath of type) for the pitrus (forefathers) in a place called Kurukshetra (Today’s Haryana).

After this, Maharishi (Sage) Jamadagni was included in the ‘saptarishi‘ (Seven Vedic Sages in the Sanatana Dharma) group.

Maharishi (Sage) Jamadagni stotram (hymn) is as given below:

जमदग्निर्महातेजा: तपसा कल्पितं धनं ।
लोकेषु धर्मसिद्द्यर्थं सर्वपापं निवर्तय ।

ಜಮದಗ್ನಿರ್ಮಹಾತೇಜಾ: ತಪಸಾ ಕಲ್ಪಿತಂ ಧನಂ |
ಲೋಕೇಷು ಧರ್ಮಸಿದ್ದ್ಯರ್ಥಂ ಸರ್ವಪಾಪಂ ನಿವರ್ತಯ |

jamadagnirmahātējā: tapasā kalpitaṁ dhanaṁ |
lōkēṣu dharmasiddyarthaṁ sarvapāpaṁ nivartaya |

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