Patram Pushpam Phalam Toyam – Bhagavad Gita Sloka Meaning
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Just before going to “Patram Pushpam Phalam Toyam – Bhagavad Gita Sloka Meaning“, let us have a brief some brief information.
Bhagavad Gita is one of the most divine granthas (Hindu divine text) not only for Hindus, but for the whole world and for the whole humankind.
Just before the start of the Mahabharata (Kurukshetra) war, Bhagavan Lord Sri Krishna in the form of Gita (divine song) preaches this to his friend and great devotee Arjuna.
But, we should always remember that Bhagavan Lord Sri Krishna not just preached the great Bhagavad Gita only to Arjuna. No, it’s not like that.
Baby Sri Krishna temple at Mysore Road called as “NAVANEETA KRISHNA”
Bhagavan Lord Sri Krishna has preached the great Bhagavad Gita to all and especially to the Kali Yuga people as we lack the correct knowledge of Sanatana Dharma. Thus we should keep this in our mind that, Bhagavad Gita is for the wellbeing of all the living beings on earth.
Bhagavad Gita = Bhagavan’s + Gita = Bhagavan Sri Krishna preaches in the form of Gita (divine song) and thus the name Bhagavad Gita.
What is the meaning of the word ‘Bhagavad Gita’: Bhagavad = Bhagavan’s (God’s) + Gita (divine song). Bhagavad Gita was explained in the form a divine song. | Who said Bhagavad Gita: Bhagavan Sri Krishna.
To whom Bhagavad Gita was said: To Arjuna – To be more accurate, the divine Bhagavan Gita is for everyone starting from Sri Brahma Deva to the last living being in the ‘Brahmanda’ (Universe).
Where was the Bhagavad Gita upadesha given: At a divine place called Kurukshetra. | When was this upadesha was given: Approximately 3137 B.C
What can we learn by the study of Srimad Bhagavad-Gita: Accurate, fundamental knowledge about Bhagavan, the ultimate truth, creation, birth & death, the results of actions, the eternal soul, liberation and the purpose as well as the goal of human existence.
Doing ‘patram’ (Divine leaves) archana to Bhagavan Sri Krishna.
Now let us see the Bhagavad Gita shloka:
पत्रं पुष्पं फलं तोयं यो मे भक्त्या प्रयच्छति ।
तदहं भक्त्युपहृतमश्नामि प्रयतात्मनः ॥ ९-२६ ॥
ಪತ್ರಂ ಪುಷ್ಪಂ ಫಲಂ ತೋಯಂ ಯೋ ಮೇ ಭಕ್ತ್ಯಾ ಪ್ರಯಚ್ಛತಿ ।
ತದಹಂ ಭಕ್ತ್ಯುಪಹೃತಮಶ್ನಾಮಿ ಪ್ರಯತಾತ್ಮನಃ ॥ 9-26 ॥
patraṁ puṣpaṁ phalaṁ tōyaṁ yō mē bhaktyā prayacchati।
tadahaṁ bhaktyupahr̥tamaśnāmi prayatātmanaḥ॥ 9-26॥
Meaning: patram = A single leaf; puspam = A single flower; phalam = A single fruit; toyam = water (little water); yah = Whoever; me = Give to Me (Sri Krishya);
bhaktya = With full devotion; prayacchati = Offers; tat = That; aham = I (Sri Krishna); bhakti-upahri’tam = Offered in true devotion; asnami = Accept; prayata-atmanah = Of one in pious consciousness.
Simple or outer meaning: If someone offers Me (Sri Krishna) with pure love and devotion a single leaf or a single flower or a single fruit or little bit of water, I will definitely accept it and will surely save the devotee.
But here, Sri Krishna has added a condition. What is that condition?
Only when a true devotee offers at least any one of these with pure and true devotion, then only he will accept what the devotee has offered.
And definitely Sri Krishna will save that devotee and will surely help that devotee without a question. This was the simple and / or outer meaning of the Bhagavad Gita shloka.
Now, let us know the inner meaning of this shloka: Doing Parayana (पारायण / ಪಾರಾಯಣ – recitation) is like cooking. If we think we are going to cook a cumbersome and complex dish the first time itself and get it right, will be practically correct?
Can you please tell me? We keep on practicing, missing some or the other ingredients every time, but we don’t stop trying. Until we finally get it right.
Doing ‘pushpam’ (Divine flowers) archana to Bhagavan Sri Krishna.
Similarly while doing Parayana (पारायण / ಪಾರಾಯಣ), we do to our best possible way, keep on doing, keep on trying to the best of our possible level. Bhagavan Sri Vishnu doesn’t cares about the minor mistakes and thus we have to have confidence in him.
To get the opportunity to do seva / serve / Parayana itself takes several lives ‘Punya Karmas’ (Divine goods deeds.
We have to try to nullify our mistakes as much as possible. We should always remember that we are living in Kali Yuga and not in Satya Yuga. There is no 100% surety other than Bhagavan Sri Vishnu.
Do we know how much ‘Punya Karma’ (Divine good deeds) we need to have to stay at any divine Vaishnava Devalaya (Divine Temple) for 7 days continuously and do Seva (Divinely serving)?
Mostly all think, “What is special about it, I can do that Seva for 7 days”. But these people are not able to do it, some or the other reason because of multiple reasons and obstacle which keeps emerging every now and then.
It definitely takes a huge amount of ‘Punya Karma’ (Divinely good works), to get this opportunity to do seva at the Vaishnava temple.
We should always remember, when we get this chance, we have to grab it with wholeheartedly without a second thought.
We need to always remember, Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is the only one who can give the guarantee of anything and everything. Thus we need not worry too much and no need to waste any time now.
Let us take one good example from the divine and great Mahabharata:
Once a divinely Brahmin comes to meet the great Samrat Yudhisthira (Samrat = Divine Empire) asking for daana (Divine donation) for his son’s upanayna (Divine work of God).
But, Samrat Yudhisthira asks the Brahmin to come the next day as it was too late in the night. Thus the brahmin goes and meet the mighty Bhima.
Here the mighty Bhima without any second thought immediately gives the daana (Divine donation) and sends the brahmin with all respects.
Later, the great Bhima goes and makes sound of the ‘Victory Gong’ (A huge bell tied in the middle of the city, so that if anyone needs help then even the King has to come there and help that person at the earliest).
All people wake up, come there and asks him the reason for why Bhima is making the sound of the ‘Victory Gong’ in the middle of the night.
The fearless Bhima says that, “Yudhistira has conquered the death”. Samrat Yudishtira gets completely blank with these words of the Bhima.
Bhima explains like this: “By informing a Brahmin to come tomorrow to meet him (Yudhishthira), my brother Samrat Yudhishthira indirectly acknowledges and he is sure that he is going to be alive the next day, that is, he has conquered death for the night and this is no small feat for him”.
Samrat Yudhishthira immediately understands this and realizes his mistake.
Doing Abhisheka (Toyam) to Bhagavan Sri Krishna.
What is the moral of this story? – Do the work as if you won’t live the next day. Whatever work you need to do the next day, do it today. Whatever the work you need to do after some time, do it now! This is the true meaning of this story.
Some people will be always thinking “I am working 10 hours a day, 11 hours a day, 12 hours day etc., I am in a foreign country, I am too busy, I have something coming up shortly & that work (I am talking about material things) has to be completely at the earliest, I can do it later” etc. etc. etc.
About doing the divine parayana properly and correctly, what is meant by :properly and correctly” here?
Now going back to the above shloka from the Bhagavad Gita, about “patram pushpam phalam toyam“:
In the divine Bhagavad Gita, Bhagavan Sri Krishna instructs each and everyone that, what is required is a simple “patram pushpam phalam toyam” just all and nothing else. Many people will go to market to buy leaves, flowers, fruits etc.
But what we actually required is as given below:
Here, Patram means, the divine Hindu scriptures (Granthas), that is jnana from these Granthas. Pushpam means, we need to know the ‘mantra pushpam’ or ‘stotras’ or ‘Nama smarana’ of Bhagavan Sri Krishna with real and true devotion.
Phalam means, we need to do the ‘Sat Karmas’ (Karmas in the right way). We should always remember the divine words of Sri Madhwacharya Ji, “Naham Karta, Hari Karta” (Whatever I am doing is not done by me, but it is done by Bhagavan Sri Hari / Sri Krishna).
Now, what is Toyam? Just water is it? – Hot water? Cold water? Fridge water? Plastic bottle water? Corporation tap water? Well water? Which water? None of the above.
Bhagavan Sri Krishna expects the divine tears of his true Bhakta / devotion. When we are doing the pooja of Bhagavan Sri Krishna we should get the divine tears coming out of our eyes (not because of material expectations, but because of love and devotion towards Bhagavan Sri Krishna).
This the real and true ‘Toyam’ for Bhagavan Sri Krishna. Thus, we should always remember that, ‘the only person stopping you from doing Parayana’ is yourself and no one else.
At least now we have to wake up from the material expectation, material joy etc. We have to do ‘pathana’ (पठान / ಪಠಣ) of our divine granthas (books) from today and now itself.
This doesn’t means that we shouldn’t use the real leaves, flowers, fruits and water for the pooja of Bhagavan Sri Krishna. We should use all these, but we should always remember the above given knowledge.
If we don’t do it today and now, we will definitely won’t do anytime in the future too. This is 100% sure and truth.
More information will be added to this on regular basis, please visit after some time to know more information.
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