aneka vaktra nayanam anekadbhuta darsanam – Bhagavad Gita Shloka meaning (What is Vishwatomukham)

Namaste friends, how are you doing today? Bhagavan Sri Vishnu blessings to you and your family!

In Bhagavad Gita and also in Sri Vishnu Sahasranama, Bhagavan Sri Vishnu has been eulogized as having unlimited hands, unlimited legs, unlimited body, unlimited heads, unlimited names, etc.

Only Bhagavan Sri Vishnu has been eulogized like this, as he is Omnipotent (सर्वशक्तिमान), Omniscient (सर्वज्ञ), Omniranges (सर्वव्यापी), Omniscient (सर्वज्ञानी) etc.

The name Vishnu itself means, someone who is pervading in everything, everywhere, that is, he is called as ‘antaryami’, as he is present in everything and everyone.

Here ‘antaryami’ means, someone who is sitting inside everyone and only because of his help and support we all are able to do all the multitasking in our lives starting from breathing, eating, drinking, etc.

What is Vishwatomukham

Let us know, what does it indicate?

Literally Vishwatomukham = Vishwa + To + Mukham = This means he is someone who has multi dimensional appearance facing all sides and whose face is turned everywhere.

Who can have such an ubiquitous stare other than the all pervading Sarvottama / Supreme Bhagavan Sri Vishnu?

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is omnipresent and dwells in the entire unlimited universes facing all directions and thus he is known as ‘Vishwatomukham’.

It is the ‘Virata Roopa’ (Vishwa Roopa) / universal form / cosmic form of Bhagavan Sri Vishnu the Cosmic Purusha who is called as ‘Purushottama’, that is, he is best among all starting from Sri Maha Lakshmi Devi, Sri Brahma Deva, Sri Saraswati Devi, Sri Rudra Deva, Sri Parvati Devi, Sri Indra Deva, etc.

We find this reference, that is of ‘Vishwatomukham’ of Bhagavan Sri Vishnu in Bhagavad Gita – In ‘Vishwa Roopa Darshana Yoga’ shloka #10 and 11.

Here Bhagavan Sri Krishna’s one of the best friend Arjuna witnesses this most divine Universal, Gigantic form of the Sarvottama / Supreme Bhagavan Sri Vishnu, that is of ‘Vishwatomukham’.

अनेकवक्त्रनयनमनेकाद्भुतदर्शनम् |
अनेकदिव्याभरणं दिव्यानेकोद्यतायुधम् || 11-10||

दिव्यमाल्याम्बरधरं दिव्यगन्धानुलेपनम् |
सर्वाश्चर्यमयं देवमनन्तं विश्वतोमुखम् || 11-11||

ಅನೇಕವಕ್ತ್ರನಯನಮನೇಕಾದ್ಭುತದರ್ಶನಮ್ |
ಅನೇಕದಿವ್ಯಾಭರಣಂ ದಿವ್ಯಾನೇಕೋದ್ಯತಾಯುಧಮ್ || 11-10 ||

ದಿವ್ಯಮಾಲ್ಯಾಂಬರಧರಂ ದಿವ್ಯಗಂಧಾನುಲೇಪನಮ್ |
ಸರ್ವಾಶ್ಚರ್ಯಮಯಂ ದೇವಮನಂತಂ ವಿಶ್ವತೋಮುಖಮ್ || 11-11 ||

anēkavaktranayanamanēkādbhutadarśanam |
anēkadivyābharaṇaṁ divyānēkōdyatāyudham || 11-10 ||

divyamālyāmbaradharaṁ divyagandhānulēpanam |
sarvāścaryamayaṁ dēvamanantaṁ viśvatōmukham || 11-11 ||

Translation: anēka = Many; vaktra = Faces; nayanam = Eyes; anēka = Many; adbhuta = Wonderful; darśhanam = Had a vision of; anēka = Many; divya = Divine; abharaṇam = Ornaments; divya = Divine; anēka = Many; udyata = Uplifted; āyudham = Weapons;

divya = Divine; mālya = Garlands; ambara = Garments; dharam = Wearing; divya = Divine; gandha = Fragrances; anulēpanam = Anointed with; sarva = All; āśhcarya-mayam = Wonderful; devam = Bhagavan / God; ananta = Unlimited; viśvataḥ = All sides; mukham = Face

Meaning: In this most divine Universal and cosmic form, Arjun saw unlimited faces and eyes, decorated with many divine celestial ornaments and wielding many kinds of divine weapons.

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu wore many garlands on his body and was anointed with many sweet-smelling heavenly fragrances. Bhagavan Sri Vishnu revealed himself as the wonderful and infinite Bhagavan / God whose face is facing everywhere.

Here Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is called as viśvatōmukham:

This is because, he boundless, that is he is called as ‘ananta…’ – Grand infinite.

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is all pervasive,

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is eternal,

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu is beyond all boundaries,

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu for whom there is no limit either in space, time or location.

Also, he is;

1. Someone who has infinite number of forms,

2. Someone who dwells in the entire unlimited Universes,

3. Someone who is invincible and omnipresent,

4. Someone whose glory is infinite,

5. Someone who is highly meritorious among the meritorious,

6. Someone that, no one can describe or define Him precisely.

Bhagavan Sri Vishnu in Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Phala Shruti:

|| ब्रह्मोवाच ||

नमोऽस्त्वनन्ताय सहस्रमूर्तये सहस्रपादाक्षिशिरोरुबाहवे ।
सहस्रनाम्ने पुरुषाय शाश्वते सहस्रकोटी युगधारिणे नमः ॥ 28 ॥

|| श्री सहस्रकोटी युगधारिणे नम ॐ नम इति ||

|| ಬ್ರಹ್ಮೋವಾಚ ||

ನಮೋಽಸ್ತ್ವನಂತಾಯ ಸಹಸ್ರಮೂರ್ತಯೇ ಸಹಸ್ರಪಾದಾಕ್ಷಿಶಿರೋರುಬಾಹವೇ ।
ಸಹಸ್ರನಾಮ್ನೇ ಪುರುಷಾಯ ಶಾಶ್ವತೇ ಸಹಸ್ರಕೋಟೀ ಯುಗಧಾರಿಣೇ ನಮಃ ॥ 28 ॥

|| ಶ್ರೀ ಸಹಸ್ರಕೋಟೀ ಯುಗಧಾರಿಣೇ ನಮ ಓಂ ನಮ ಇತಿ ||

|| brahmōvāca ||

namō̕stvanantāya sahasramūrtayē sahasrapādākṣiśirōrubāhavē।
sahasranāmnē puruṣāya śāśvatē sahasrakōṭī yugadhāriṇē namaḥ॥ 28॥

|| śrī sahasrakōṭī yugadhāriṇē nama ōṁ nama iti ||

Sri Brahma Deva eulogizes Bhagavan Sri Vishnu as:

namō̕stvanantāya – Salutations to the ‘ananta’, that is, someone who is ‘Infinite’,

sahasramūrtayē – You are the one who has manifested as innumerable number of forms,

sahasrapādākṣiśirōrubāhavē – You are the one who has innumerable feet, eyes, heads, arms,

sahasranāmnē – You are the one who has innumerable number of names,

puruṣāya – You are the one who is an eternal person, and

sahasrakōṭī yugadhāriṇē – You are the one who holds unlimited Yugas which are uncountable.

namaḥ – I do namaste to you.

Another shloka from Bhagavad Gita:

अनंतश्चास्मि नागानां वरुणो यादसामहम् |
पितूणामर्यमा चास्मि यम: संयमतामहम् || 10-29||

ಅನಂತಶ್ಚಾಸ್ಮಿ ನಾಗಾನಾಂ ವರುಣೋ ಯಾದಸಾಮಹಮ್ |
ಪಿತೂಣಾಮರ್ಯಮಾ ಚಾಸ್ಮಿ ಯಮಃ ಸಂಯಮತಾಮಹಮ್ || 10-29 ||

anantaścāsmi nāgānāṁ varuṇō yādasāmaham |
pitūṇāmaryamā cāsmi yamaḥ sanyamatāmaham || 10-29 ||

Translation: ananta = Ananta; cha = And; asmi = I am; nāgānāṁ = Amongst snakes; varuṇō = The celestial god of the ocean; yādasām = Amongst aquatics; aham = I am;

pitūṇām = Amongst the departed ancestors; aryamā = Aryama; cha = And; asmi = I am; yamaḥ = The celestial god of death; sanyamatām = Amongst dispensers of law; aham = I am.

Meaning: Amongst all the snakes I am Ananta. Amongst all the aquatics I am Varun Deva. Amongst the departed ancestors I am Aryama. Amongst dispensers of law I am Yama Deva, the lord of death.

Let us consider another shloka:

अनंतानंत देवेश अनंत फलदायक |
अनंतरूपि विश्वात्मन् अनंताय नमो नमः ||

ಅನಂತಾನಂತ ದೇವೇಶ ಅನಂತ ಫಲದಾಯಕ |
ಅನಂತರೂಪಿ ವಿಶ್ವಾತ್ಮನ್ ಅನಂತಾಯ ನಮೋ ನಮಃ ||

anantānanta dēvēśa ananta phaladāyaka |
anantarūpi viśvātman anantāya namō namaḥ ||

Translation: anantānanta = Someone who is sleeping on the snake Ananta and someone who is also called as Ananta (Infinite); dēvēśa = Someone who is the God of the Gods; ananta = Infinite; phaladāyaka = Someone who gives / blesses with the fruits;

anantarūpi = Someone who has infinite number of forms; viśvātman = Someone who the atma of all (Paramatma); anantāya = Someone who has infinite names, etc.; namō namaḥ = I do namaste again and again.

Meaning: You are the someone who is sleeping on the snake called Ananta and also someone who himself is called as Ananta (Infinite). You are someone who is the God of the Gods. You are the one who gives / blesses with the fruits.

You are the one who has infinite forms. You are the one who is the atma of all (Paramatma). You are the one who has infinite number of names. Thus, I do namaste to you again and again.

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Bhagavad Gita on Bhagavan Bhakthi

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