Sri Krishna and Rukmini marriage story (correct) (Srimad Bhagavatam) | Why did Lord Krishna marry Rukmini not Radha?

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Just before going to “Krishna and Rukmini marriage story (correct) (Srimad Bhagavatam) | Why did Lord Krishna marry Rukmini not Radha?“, let us know a brief, basic and very important information.

Rukmini place of birth : Lord Sri Krishna’s wife Rukmini was from Vidarbha. Similarly, Nala’s wife Damayanti was a princess of Vidarbha. Sage Agastya’s wife Lopamudra was also a princess of Vidarbha.

Indumati, grandmother of Lord Sri Rama and mother of King Dasharatha was also a princess of Vidarbha kingdom. Its capital was Kundinapuri, identified as Kaundinyapur in today’s eastern Maharashtra.

Rumkini birth name is Ruchiranana : Rukmini, the only daughter of King Bhishmaka, was very beautiful. Thus, she was known as Ruchiranana (रुचिरानना) (Rucirānanā), which means “one with a beautiful face stretched out like a divine and auspicious lotus flower.

King Bhishmaka (भीष्मक) (bhīṣmaka) was the Raja (King) of the Kingdom Kundina (Kundinapuri) (Vidarbha). Kundina or Kundinapuri was the capital of Vidarbha. The King Bhismaka was highly qualified. Bhishmaka had five sons and only one daughter.

King Bhishmaka first son was known as Rukmī (रुक्मी), the second son name was Rukmaratha (रुक्मरथा), the third son name is Rukmabāhu (रुक्मबाहु), the fourth son name is Rukmakeśa (रुक्मकेश) and the fifth son name is Rukmamālī (रुक्ममाली).

King Bhishmaka had one daughter known as Rukmiṇī (रुक्मिणी) (Sri Rukmini Devi). Rukmini Devi was highly beautiful and chaste and was meant to be married to Lord Sri Krishna.

Many saintly persons and sages like Devarishi (Sage) Narara Muni used to visit the palace of King Bhīṣmaka.

Thus and naturally Rukmini had a chance to talk with them including Devarishi (Sage) Narada and in this way she obtained information about Lord Sri Krishna from him.

Rukmini Devi was informed about the six opulences of Lord Sri Krishna, and simply by hearing about Him she desired to surrender herself to His lotus feet and become His consort.

As said above, King Bhishmaka had several children and among that one son named Rukmi and one daughter named Rukmini (Goddess Sri Rukmini Devi) were his prominent children.

(Lord Sri Krishna is an avatar of Lord Sri Vishnu and Sri Rukmini Devi is an avatar of Goddess Sri Lakshmi Devi.)

Both Lord Sri Krishna and Rukmini Devi were liking each other and they wanted to marry (Vivah).

But Rukmini Devi’s brother Rukmi didn’t like Lord Sri Krishna, and thus he was a wall between Lord Sri Krishna and Rukmini Devi. King Bhishmaka was also a friend of Raja (King) Jarasandha.

So, King Bhishmaka was also supporting both Rukmi and Jarasandha.

Rukmi decided to marry Rukmini Devi with Shishupala (Shishupal), and also all the arrangements for the marriage was also taking place.

[Shishupala (Shishupal) was an incarnation of the Lord Sri Vishnu (abode of Vaikuntha) gatekeeper named Jaya.]

[Shishupala (Shishupal) was same as Hiranyakashipu (Hiranyakashyap) during Satya Yuga and Ravana during the Treta Yuga.]

All the friends of Jarasandha went to Kundina to witness the marriage of Rukmini Devi and Shishupala (Shishupal).

Meanwhile, even many of the Yadavas also went to Kundina including Lord Sri Krishna and Balarama.

(Balarama was an avatar of Lord Sri Adishesha Naga, the bed of Lord Sri Vishnu. He is same as Lakshmana during the Treta Yuga.)

But one day before the marriage, Lord Sri Krishna made apaharanam (kidnap / abduction) of the Rukmini Devi as per the wish and will of Rukmini Devi.

Soon after, many Kings like Paundraka (Paundraka Vasudeva), Dantavakra, Viduratha, Shishupala (Shishupal), Jarasandha and Shalva all attacked the Yadavas, so that they can kill Lord Sri Krishna.

But, who can even touch Lord Sri Krishna in this unlimited Universes (Multiverse), without his (Lord Sri Krishna) permission.

On the other hand Balarama and other Yadavas defeated all these Kings with highest ease and in no time.

While Rukmi, made sankalpam (firm decision) that he won’t enter the Kundina, until he kills Lord Sri Krishna, an avatar of Lord Sri Vishnu.

Rukmi, followed Lord Sri Krishna with many ashwas (horses), gajas (elephants), rathams (chariots), sainikas (soldiers), but he was not even able to touch Lord Sri Krishna.

Lord Sri Krishna easily defeated Rukmi and his soldiers and friends with highest serenity.

After Rukmi got defeated by Lord Sri Krishna, Rukmi was enraged with Lord Sri Krishna and thus Rukmi told to his sister Rukmini Devi, that she won’t be able to stay with Lord Sri Krishna for a long time.

Hearing these words Lord Sri Krishna was wanting to kill Rukmi, but Rukmini Devi requested Lord Sri Krishna that she is very fond of her brother and she don’t want to see his brother been killed.

So Lord Sri Krishna cut off half portion of Rukmi’s hairs (head) and half of the moustache of the Rukmi and sent Rukmi with humiliation.

Doing this type of humiliation means, almost killing somebody according to our Sanatana Dharma (Hinduism).

Thus, Rukmi was not able to go to Kundina, as he had taken sankalpam (firm decision) of not entering Kundina without killing Lord Sri Krishna.

For this Rukmi built a new city (place) known as Bhojataka and started to live in this place.

Lord Sri Krishna, then later brought Rukmini Devi to Dvaraka and got married with her and started to live happily.

They had a son called Pradyumnya and another nine sons and one daughter.

The names of the other ten sons of Rukmini Devi and Lord Sri Krishna are as given below:

Pradyumna (An avatar of Lord Kama Deva), Charudeshna (He is the avatar of Lord Ganesha), Sudesna, Charudeha, Sucharu, Charugupta, Bhadracharu, Charuchandra, Vicharu and Charu.

The name of the daughter of Lord Sri Krishna and Rukmini Devi is Charumati.

PS: Here it should be noted that without the sankalpam (wish) of Lord Sri Krishna (Vishnu), nothing can happen.

How much ever we humans may try, but if Lord Sri Krishna doesn’t wishes, then all of our prayatnas (try) will be in vain.

But if we are doing something good, then we should try our best, the phalas (fruits) and pratiphalas (rewards) are left to Lord Sri Krishna.

Different names of Rukmini is as given below:

Shree – Lakshmi, Goddess of Fortune. She is the direct avatar (incarnation) of Goddess Lakshmi. There is no difference between Goddess Lakshmi and Rukmini. Both Lakshmi and Rukmini has the same meaning, the provider of auspicious wealth.

Bhaishmi – Since Rukmini is the daughter of Bhishmaka, she is also called as Bhaishmi. Thus Lord Sri Krishna is also called as ‘Bhaishmi Priya’, that is, he is someone who loves Bhaishmi (Rukmini) very dearly and there is no one who is more dearer to Lord Krishna than Bhaishmi (Rukmini).

Pradyumna Janani – Rukmini is the mother of Pradyumna and thus she is also called as Pradyumna Janani. Here Pradyumna Janani = Krishna and Rukmini first son + mother. Both Krishna and Rukmini had 11 children, among them 10 were males and 1 was female.

Rakhumai – In Maharashtra side Rukmini is also called as Rakhumai. Once Rukmini gets angry of Krishna and leaves Dwaraka and reaches a place called Pandharpur in today’s Maharashtra.

Here she is famously called as Rukhumai. Here Rakhumai means ‘mother Rukmini’. Rakhumai = Rakhu + Mai = Rukmini + mother.

Vaidarbhi – Rukmini father’s kingdom is called as Vidarbha. Since she also belonged to this place called Vidarbha, she is also called as Vaidarbhi. This is just like Gandhari belonged to a place called Gandhara or Gandhar (today’s Kandahar) and thus she is known as Gandhari.

Ruchiranana – This is the birth name of Rukmini. She got this name because she was the one who has very beautiful and auspicious face.

Also, her face was looking like an expanded lotus flower and thus she is got the name Ruchiranana. Ruchiranana = Ruchira + Anana = Beautiful, auspicious, expanded like lotus + face.

Chirayauvana – Rukmini through out her life was looking like a young girl of the age 16 years. Even though her age started to grow, but her physical appearance never ever showed her getting old like any other ordinary woman. Chirayauvana = Chira + Yauvana = Very long + youth.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Krishna and Rukmini marriage is as given below:

Why did Lord Krishna marry Rukmini not Radha? – First of all we should know that Rukmini and Radha, both are the avatars of Goddess Sri Lakshmi Devi (prakriti / nature) and there is no different between them.

Goddess Lakshmi wants to do ‘seva’ (serve) of Lord Sri Vishnu (Krishna) in different ways and thus she takes avatars in different forms and does the ‘seva’ (serve) of Lord Sri Krishna (Vishnu).

In the form of Radha, Goddess Lakshmi did the seva (serve) of Lord Sri Krishna (Vishnu) as a ‘premika’ (divine lover). In the form of Rukmini, Goddess Lakshmi did the seva (serve) of Lord Sri Krishna (Vishnu) as a divine wife.

There is a higher planet called ‘Golaka’, here Goddess Sri Lakshmi Devi is in the form of Goddess Sri Radha Devi and this same Goddess Sri Radha Devi is the wife of Lord Sri Krishna (Vishnu) in Goloka. This Goddess Sri Radha Devi is the one who controls the prakriti (nature) as per the instructions of Lord Sri Krishna (Vishnu).

On which day Krishna married Rukmini? – Rukmini marriage is celebrated during Shukla Paksha (waxing phase of moon) in Jyeshta masam (May-June month). The marriage of Lord Sri Krishna and Goddess Sri Rukmini Devi is one of the most celebrated events all over India by the Vaishnavas.

Did Krishna marry Radha or Rukmini? – Lord Sri Krishna on earth married Rukmini as per his boon to her in the previous avatar. Radha is the wife of Krishna in a higher planet called Goloka. In this Goloka, Radha is serving Lord Sri Krishna (Vishnu).

Where did Krishna marry Rukmini? – Madhuvan (today’s Mathura). This is the place where Lord Sri Vishnu killed a demon named Madhu and thus earlier this place was called as Madhuvan (Madhuvana), then later this place came to be known as Mathura. Lord Krishna married Rukmini at this place.

Famous Krishna and Rukmini temple names are as given below:

Rukmini Devi Temple, Dwaraka. | Kantajew Temple, Bangladesh. | Shri Vitthal Rukmini Temple, Thanjavur. | Vijaya Vitthala Mandhira, Hampi. | Tirumala Krishna Temple , Tirupati. | Sri Vittal Rakhumai Mandir, Dahisar. | 

Vithoba Temple, Pandharpur. | Thennangur Sri Rakhumai Sametha Panduranga Temple, Thiruvannamalai. | Sri Rukmini Panduranga Swamy Temple, Machilipatnam. | Pandava Thoothar Perumal Temple, Kanchipuram [ Divya Desam] | Sri Pandurangan Temple, Thennangur, Tiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu |

Let’s know more info about Bhagavan Sri Krishna by clicking the below link:

About Bhagavan Lord Sri Krishna

List of demons killed by Lord Krishna

More information will be added to this on regular, please visit after some time to know more information.

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To know about “Krishna son Pradyumna and Shambrasur story“, please click the below link:

Krishna son Pradyumna and Shambrasur story

To know the different names of Sri Krishna’s wives and their children, you visit this link:

What are Lord Krishna wives and children names

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