What are Lord Ganesh different avatars & significance
Namaste friends, how are you doing today? Bhagavan Sri Vishnu and Lord Ganesha blessings to you and your family!
Although Lord Ganesha has many characteristics, he can be easily identified by his beautiful elephant head. Lord Ganesha is widely admired through world and especially as the remover of obstacles and also he is the deva of high intellect and wisdom.
As the god of start, Lord Ganesha is honored at the start of all the Hindu functions, rites and ceremonies etc.
Just before knowing the different avatars / incarnations of Lord Ganesh, let us know the most auspicious ‘Dwadasha naamam’ (12 names) of Lord Ganesha.
Dwadasha naamam (12 names): Lord Ganesha Names are,
Meaning of these names are as given below:
1. Sumukha: Sri Ganesha is called as Sri Sumukha, as he is so beautiful even Sri Chandradeva is nothing in front of him. Sumukha = Su = Beautiful, very beautiful / mukha = face, body.
2. Ekadanta: Since Sri Ganesha has only one tooth, he is known as Sri Ekadanta. To write Sri Mahabharata, Bhagavan Sri Vedavyasa Ji appoints our Sri Ganesha.
Just before starting to write, Sri Ganesha would not be having the pen. For this reason, Sri Ganesha plucks out his one tooth and uses it as the pen. Thus Sri Ganesha is also known as Sri Ekadanta. Ekadanta = Eka / Ek = One, danta = danta / tooth.
3. Kapila: Sri Ganesha is known as Sri Kapila. Sri Ganesha’s body colour is red. In Samskruta / Sanskrit, Kapila means red. Thus our Sri Ganesha got the name as Sri Kapila.
Also, since Sri Ganesha’s body colour is red, he is called as Sri Raktavarna. In Samskruta, rakta means blood, which is red in colour and thus is the name.
4. Gajakarnaka: Sri Ganesha’s another name is Sri Gajakarnaka. Since our loving Sri Ganesha is having ears like that of the elephant, He is known as Sri Gajakarnaka.
Gajakarnaka = Gaja = Gaja / Gaj / Elephant, Karnaka = Karna = ear, ka = having.
5. Lambhodara: Ours Sri Parvati Shiva’s son Sri Ganesha likes modaka / modak, chakkali, nippattu etc very much. Thus his tummy is little bigger. For this reason, He is known as Sri Lambhodara. Lambhodara = Lambo + udhara. Lambo = Big, udara = udara / udar / tummy.
6. Vikata: Sri Ganesha likes to be happy always. The Ganagan who stay with Him are always kept happy by Sri Ganesha. Thus Sri Ganesha is known as Sri Vikata.
7. VighNanashaka: Sri Gowri son’s another name is called as Sri VighNanaashaka. With the blessings of Sri LakshmiNarayana, all the obstacles are destroyed by our Sri Ganesha. Thus the name. VighNanashaka = VighNa + nashaka = VighNa = Obstacles, nashaka = destroyer.
8. VinAyaka: Sri Skanda brother’s name is Sri Vinayaka. Our Sri Ganesha is very polite and whoever believes / follows Him, even that person will by made polite by our Sri Ganesha. Thus the name Sri Vinayaka for our Sri Ganesha. Vinayaka = Vinaya + nayaka, vinaya = politeness, nayaka = king / giver of politeness.
9. DhumravarNa: Sri Ganesha likes the smoke which effulges (spreads) during the pooja and also his body colour is illuminated with smoke.
Thus the name. DhumravarNa = Dhumra + varNa, Dhum = Dhum / Dhupa / Dhup, varNa = body colour. (Sri Ganesha also has the name Sri Kapila.
Devatagan / Demigods are not similar to humans as they can do anything with the blessings of Sri Hari).
10. GajAdhyeksha: Sri Ganesha is known as Sri GjAdhyeksha. Our Sri Ganesha is king, leader of all the gaja / gaj / gaNa / gaN.
Thus the name. GajAdhyeksha = Gaja + adhyeksha, gaja = gaja / gaj / gaNa / gaN, adhyeksha = adhyeksha / adhyeksh / king / leader.
11. BAlachandra: Our loving, Sri Ganesha is known as Sri BAlachandra.
Sri Ganesha is very loving son of his father Sri Shiva and mother Sri Parvatidevi and similar to His father Sri Ganesha also wears the Lord Sri Chandra on his forehead.
Thus the name Sri BAlachandra. BAlachandra = BAla + chandra, BAla = son, Sri Shiva and Sri Parvati’s son, chandra = He is similar to Lord Chandradeva and also He wears the Lord Chandra on his forehead.
12. GajAnana: Sri Ganesha’s another prominent name is Sri GajAnana. Sri Ganapati is having this name since his face is similar to gaja / gaj / elephant.
GajAnana = Gaja + anana, gaja / gaj = elephant, anana = countenance / having face.
Now let us come to our main point and let us know the different incarnations of Lord Ganesha:
The kathas / stories and legends of Lord Ganesha are very much clearly given in many Puranas / pauranic texts.
Out of which two Puranas, that is, Ganesha Purana and Mudgala Purana (both are Upa / sub Puranas) are totally dedicated to Lord Ganesha.
As per the Ganesha Purana and Mudgala Purana, it is said that Lord Ganesha got manifested in several svaroopas / forms.
Out of which eight avatars are considered to be the prominent avatars of Lord Ganesha.
These prominent avatars which have been taken place in different yugas are as given below:
Lord Ganesha in all these avatars has been depicted as having an elephant trunk.
Out of eight, five avatars of Lord Ganesha is symbolized with Mushaka / Mouse as his vahana / vehicle.
Whereas in the other three avatars, Lord Ganesha is said to have used Lion, Peacock, and Serpent as his vehicle (Vahana).
In each and every avatar a tatvika / philosophical importance is highlighted as the main theme apart from the other.
In each avatar, Lord Ganesha is said to have fought with an asura / demon symbolized with a weakness.
Ekadanta avatar: In this avatar Lord Ganesha defeated an asura / demon named Madaasura and his weakness was Madaa (i.e., drinking, arrogancy). In this avatar Lord Ganesha used mushaka / mouse as his vahana / vehicle.
Vakratunda avatar: In this avatar Lord Ganesha defeated an asura / demon named Maatsaraasura and his weakness was Maatsara (i.e., Jealousy, envy). In this avatar Lord Ganesha used Simha / Lion as his vahana / vehicle.
Gajavaktra / Gajaanana avatar: In this avatar Lord Ganesha defeated an asura / demon named Lobhaasura and his weakness was Lobha (i.e., greed). In this avatar Lord Ganesha used mushaka / Mouse as his vahana / vehicle.
Mahodhara avatar: In this avatar Lord Ganesha defeated an asura / demon named Mohaasura and his weakness was Moha (i.e., delusion). In this avatar Lord Ganesha used mushaka / Mouse as his vahana / vehicle.
Vikata avatar: In this avatar Lord Ganesha defeated an asura / demon named Kaamaasura and his was weakness Kaama (i.e., lust). In this avatar Lord Ganesha used Mayura / Peacock as his vahana / vehicle.
Lambodara avatar: In this avatar Lord Ganesha defeated an asura / demon named Krodhaasura and his weakness was Krodha (i.e., anger). In this avatar Lord Ganesha used mushaka / Mouse as his vahana / vehicle.
Dhumravarna avatar: Here Dhumravarna means, someone having smoke color body. In this avatar Lord Ganesha defeated an asura / demon named Ahankaraasura and his weakness was garva / pride, asakti / attachment, infatuation, aham / ego. In this avatar Lord Ganesha used mushaka / Mouse as his vahana / vehicle.
Vighnaraja avatar: Here Vighnaraja means, someone who removes all the obstacles. In this avatar Lord Ganesha defeated an asura / demon Mamaasura and his weakness was ego (i.e., Possessiveness). In this avatar Lord Ganesha he used sarpa / serpent as his vahana / vehicle.
All the above avatars indicate the requirement and the need to overcome these weaknesses as soon as possible, so that one can live a happy and peaceful life and to realize the ultimate truth.
According to the Ganesha Purana, the avatars of Lord Ganesha are said to be Mahokataka lion as his mountain, Mayurasvara with peacock as his mount, Gajana Mouse with Mount and his ascent with Mouse. It is believed and said that Lord Ganesha existed in all eras.
द्वात्रिंशत् / dwAtriMzat (thirty two) forms of Lord Ganesha are as given below:
Lord Ganesha Name – English Meaning
Bala Ganapati – Child like God
Bhakti Ganapati – Chaturbhuja / four armed
Dhundi Ganapati – Sought after
Durga Ganapati – Invincible
Dvija Ganapati – Twice born
Dvimukha Ganapati – Two divergent faces
Ekaakshara Ganapati – (Gam – Ganapati)
Ekadanta Ganapati – Single Tusk
Haridra Ganapati – Yellow colored
Heramba Ganapati – Five faced / ten armed
Kshipra Ganapati – Quick in action
Kshipra Prasada Ganapati – Quick rewarder
Lakshmi Ganapati – Varada Hasta
Maha Ganapati – The Great
Nritya Ganapati – Dancing
Rinamochana Ganapati – Liberator of bondage
Sankatahara Ganapati – Dispeller of sorrows
Shakti Ganapati – Along with his female energy
Siddhi Ganapati – The accomplished
Simha Ganapati – Mounted on Lion
Srushti Ganapati – Manifestation
Tharuna Ganapati – Eight armed, Astabhuja
Trimukha Ganapati – Three faced
Tryakshara Ganapati – Lord of three letters AUM
Ucchhishta Ganapati – Six armed
Uddanda Ganapati – Enforcer of Dharma
Urdhva Ganapati – Left hand elevated
Varada Ganapati – Boon giver
Veera Ganapati – Valiant warrior with shodasabhuja – 16 arms
Vighna Ganapati – Remover of all obstacles
Vijaya Ganapati – Victorious
Yoga Ganapati – Meditating
Lord Ganesha in different Yugas:
As per Ganesha Purana, Lord Ganesha has taken four different forms in four Yugas:
1. In Satya Yuga / Krita Yuga – Lord Ganesha was known as Mahotkata Ganapati. He was having dasha bhuja / 10 arms and his vahana / vehicle was a Simha / Lion.
2. In Treta Yuga – Lord Ganesha was white-colored. He had eight-arms and was known as Mayura Ganapati. His vahana / vehicle was Mayura / Peacock.
3. In Dwapara Yuga – Lord Ganesha was rakta varna / red colored. He was manifested from the clay of the body of Sri Parvati Devi. His vahana / vehicle was mushaka / mouse and had chaturbhuja (four arms) and was known as Gajaanana Ganapati.
4. In Kali Yuga – Lord Ganesha is known as Dhumraketu Ganapati.
Few other important aspects about Lord Ganesha
1. Many of us know that, Lord Ganesha is the putra / son of Lord Shiva and Sri Parvati Devi.
2. Lord Ganesha is the Abhimani Devata (controlling Demigod) of the akaasha (sky / space).
3. We have seen above that, Lord Ganesha has different vahana / vehicle in different avatars and in different Yugas. (Please see above).
4. We have to worship Lord Ganesha as one among a Parivara Devata (family Demigod) and should never ever worship Lord Ganesha as Sarvottama / Supreme. Only Sarvottama / Supreme Bhagavan is Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu and all others are Bhagavan Sri Mah Vishnu’s followers.
5. In kaksha / hierarchy Lord Ganesha is in the 18th place. In the same kaksha / hierarchy Vishwaksena, Kubera, and Ashwini Kumaras also present.
6. In Dwapara Yuga, Lord Ganesha is born as Charudeshna as the son of Bhagavan Sri Krishna and Sri Rukmini Devi.
Lord Ganesha born as the son of Sri Parvati Devi
Lord Ganesha birth as per Skanda Purana
As per Skanda Purana (it is considered as a ‘Taamasa Purana’), Sri Parvati got Lord Ganesha out of her body’s mud.
But here we should under the correct and real meaning of this story and we must not take the story as it is, as it gives a wrong image of Sri Parvati Devi.
As per Skanda Purana, when Sri Parvati Devi made the rachana / creation of Lord Ganesha out of her body’s clay, does it mean that she had lot of clay / mud in her body? How that much of clay / mud can come to her body? These are the few questions which appears mind in the mind of today’s liberals.
Let us go little back:
When Sri Parvati Devi was born as “Sri Sati Devi”, that is, the daughter of Daksha Prajapati (thus Sri Sati Devi is also called as Dakshayani), she had created agni / fire out of her body and entered fire. So this means her body was full of agni / fire.
Similarly, Sri Parvati Devi took out small portion of ‘Pruthvi amsha’, that is clay / mud out of her body.
Sri Parvati Devi herself cannot create a son. Sri Parvati Devi cannot by herself can give birth to a child alone without the support of her sangati / partner.
A Woman without the support and anugraha of her partner / Purusha, cannot produce a child and such things are not found anywhere.
We must understand that Sri Parvati Devi created Lord Ganesha only out of the grace, that is, anugraha / blessings and support of her husband Lord Shiva, but not on her own power.
Ultimately it was the wish of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu. Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu wanted to give a Devata, to whom the first pooja / worship to be done. Thus, with the wish of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu, Sri Parvati Devi using the clay / mud gave birth to Lord Ganesha.
Lord Ganesha birth as per Brahma Vaivartha Purana
As per Brahma Vaivartha Purana (it is considerd as a ‘Raajasa Purana’).
As per this Purana, Sri Parvati Devi was wanting to have putra / son.
Thus Sri Parvati Devi did the tapas / penance for Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu. After some while, Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu blessed her to get a putra / son as per her wish.
Once when both Lord Shiva and Sri Parvati Devi were in the intimate position, few Rushis / sages came to meet the couple and wished to get bhiksha from them.
Because of this, Sri Parvati Devi left Lord Shiva in the middle of their intimacy, so that she can arrange for the bhiksha.
Thus, in the meantime the veerya of Lord Shiva which had to be deposited inside Sri Parvati Devi fell on the ground.
With this veerya, a handsome and beautiful putra / son was born to Lord Shiva and Sri Parvati Devi.
The same putra / son was none other than Lord Ganesha.
Thus we should familiarize that, Lord Ganesha was born with the anugraha / blessings of Lord Shiva himself.
NOTE: We should note that both the Puranas were written by Bhagavan Sri Veda Vyasa Ji (he is an avatar of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu). The difference is because, Skanda Purana story is a ‘Taamasa story’.
This is a ‘mohakaprada katha’, that is, to product hallucination in the asura / demonic type of people, this Skanda Purana’s story was written.
How did Lord Ganesha got the head of an elephant
Here also there are two versions of the story.
What does the Skanda Purana say about the Lord Ganesha’s elephant head
This is very famous story and most of you must be aware of:
Once Sri Parvati Devi went to take bath and and made Lord Ganesh using the clay / mud and informed him to safeguard as a security at the main gate of the Sri Parvati Devi’s house.
At that very moment Lord Shiva who was thirsty comes to house where Lord Ganesha was safeguarding the gate of the house..
Seeing Lord Shiva, Lord Ganesha stopped Lord Shiva.
After lots of discussions, Lord Shiva looses his temper and out of anger, removes the head of Lord Ganesha.
Thus, after Sri Parvati Devi comes out and she sees the dead body of her beloved son and begged Lord Shiva to give life to him immediately.
Lord Shiva in turn, then realizes that Lord Ganesha was his own son, and orders his ganas / servants to bring the head of anyone who is lying with the head towards north direction.
The ganas / servants saw no one sleeping with head towards North and at the end found an elephant sleeping towards norrth direction.
Thus those ganas / servants cut off the head of that elephant and gives it to Lord Shiva.
Soon Lord Shiva places the elephant head on the body of Lord Ganesha and brings back to Lord Ganesha to life again.
This is the story which many of you know. Usually, you would have seen on the television and movies.
Now, what does the Brahma Vaivartha Purana say about the Lord Ganesha’s elephant head
As per the Brahma Vaivartha Purana, the story of completely different:
As per the Braham Vaivartha Purana, Lord Ganesha was very beautiful and handsome child.
All the Devatas / Demigods, Rushis wanted to have his a darshana (a glimse) of Lord Ganesha.
Everybody came to Lord Shiva home land, that is, Mount Kailasa to have a darshana (a glimse) of Lord Ganesha and were praising the Lord Ganesha.
Sri Parvati Devi was very much happy as she had given birth to a beautiful and handsome son.
After many Devatas came to Lord Ganesha, similarly Lord Shanaischara (Lord Shani Deva), also comes to see Lord Ganesha, but Lord Shani Deva was little hesitating to see Lord Ganesha and thus was sitting outside.
Sri Parvati Devi realizing this, asked Sri Shani Deva to come inside and have the darshana (a glimse) of Lord Ganesha.
Lord Shani Deva told Sri Parvati Devi, that, he is having a curse from his wife that, if he sees anybody directly his head would be cut off.
(The story of this is that, once Sri Shani Deva was doing Dhyana / meditating of Bhagavan. At that time very time his wife, the daughter of Chitraratha, came in front of him.)
(But Sri Shani Deva who was in dhyana / meditation did not see her at all. Thus Chitraratha cursed Sri Shani Deva that whoever Sri Shani Deva sees directly would get his head cut off immediately).
This was the story of Sri Shani Deva and his wife Chitraratha.
One the other hand, Sri Parvati Devi compels Sri Shani Devi to have a darshana (a glimse) of her son Lord Ganesha. Thus after a long compellation, Lord Shani Deva agrees to see Lord Ganesha.
As soon as Lord Shani sees Lord Ganesha directly, Lord Ganesha’s head gets cuts off from his body.
Thus, Sri Parvati Devi now repents for having forced Sri Shani Deva to see his beautiful and handsome putra / son and she starts to cry.
This is the original story as per the Brahma Vaivartha Purana, on how Lord Ganesha looses his head.
The great Vaishnava saint who is the avatar of Sri Vayu Deva, that is, Sri Madhvacharya Ji in his ‘Maandookopanishat Bhashya’ has give explanation about how Lord Ganesha got the elephant’s head.
As per Sri Madhvacharya Ji, Lord Ganesha is the aradhaka (worshipper) of Vishva and Taijasa roopas / forms of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu.
Both (that is, Vishva and Taijasa forms) are Jagrat and Svapnavasta niyamaka roopas / forms – i.e., Vishvambhara roopa. (Same roopa which Bhagavan Sri Krishna shows to Arjuna during the Bhagavad Gita pravachana).
This form of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu has 19 heads in total.
The Central head is of Gajamukha (Gajamukha – Gaja = elephant, mukha = head), whereas the other 18 faces are human faces.
Lord Ganesha was doing the chintana (thinking) of “Vishvambara roopa” of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu. Thus Lord Ganesha got the Gajamukha (elephant’s head).
(We should always remember that, what we think in our mind, so will Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu will give us the blessings as per our mindful thought.)
(If we think Bhagavan Sri Krishna is an ordinary human, we will be very ordinary human. And if we think Sri Krishna is svayam Bhagavan, we will get the blessings as per our bhakti / devotion.)
Thus, Sri Parvati Devi prayed Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu who immediately rushed there.
Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu went and removed the head of an elephant which was sleeping it’s head facing towards North.
Now naturally we will get a question in our mind that “Why Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu brought the head of an elephant and placed it on Lord Ganesha and not of any other animal or human:
Now let us get the clarification on this as per the Brahma Vaivartha Purana:
Once the great Rushi Durvasa (he is an avatar of Lord Shiva) gave the ‘Nirmalya’ (remains of an offering to a deity – here of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu) of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu to Sri Indra Deva.
Sri Indra Deva in turn put it on the head of an elephant, but this elephant threw it and touched with its legs.
Since, that elephant had neglected Nirmalya (remains of an offering to a deity – here of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu) of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu, Sri Indra Deva got so many problems and he had to loose his Indrapadavi (loosing the power of being the king of heaven) also.
After Samudra Mathana (churning of ocean) and after getting ‘Amruta’ (ambrosia), Sri Indra Deva got back his power.
Now the point to be noted is, here that particular elephant which touched the ‘Nirmalya’ (remains of an offering to a deity – here of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu) of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu with its legs got the sin.
Thus, that elephant had to be punished.
Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu removed the head of that particular elephant as a punishment and attached it to Lord Ganesha.
Here we should also note that, since that particular elephant was lucky to have the sparsha (touch) of ‘Harinaivedita Nirmalya’ (Naivedya food of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu) and as such, that particular elephant’s head could become the head of Lord Ganesha.
This is the original story as per the Brahma Vaivartha Purana.
(We should always keep in mind that, Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu will always be keeping a watch on everyone. If we do good Karmas, we will get the good fruits. Similarly, if we do bad Karmas, we will definitely get the fruits as per our Karmas. “Jaise karni, vaise bharni”).
Naamakarana / Naming ceremony of Lord Ganapathy – Sri Parvati Devi requested Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu to name her child – Thus Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu himself gave auspicious 8 names:
Name – English meaning
1. Vignesha – He is the one who is the pariharaka / remover of obstacles.
2. Ganesha – He is the head of all the Ganas including Nandi and Bhrungi.
3. Heramba – He fought with Lord Shiva.
4. Gajanana – He has the head of an elephant (also known as Gajamukha).
5. Lambodara – He has big fat udara / stomach
6. Shoorpakarana – He has broad ears.
7. Vinayaka – He is always immersed in the dhyana / meditation of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu.
8. Ekadanta – He has one tusk.
How Lord Ganesha lost of his “danta” / tooth and became “Ekadanta”?
First let us know as per Skanda purana
Once Lord Ganesha was sitting on his vahana / vehicle ‘mushakaraja’ (the mouse) and was travelling.
At that particular time, suddenly one sarpa / snake passed and the ‘mushakaraja’ (the mouse) on seeing that sarpa / snake got fear and shaken completely.
Lord Ganesha who was sitting on the rat ‘mushakaraja’ fell down.
Sri Chandra Deva who watching this started to make fun of this situation and started to laugh loudly at Lord Ganesha.
Because of this, Lord Ganesha got angry at Sri Chandra Deva.
Thus seeing this Lord Ganesha removed his danta / tooth and threw at Sri Chandra Deva.
Now let us know as per Brahma Vaivartha purana
The great Rushi Jamadagni, who was the pitru / father of Bhagavan Sri Parashurama was killed by a king named Kartaveeryarjuna (Kartarveerya Arjuna).
Bhagavan Sri Parashurama got angry and wanted to kill the king Kartaveeryarjuna.
At this time, the Devatas / Demigods and Rushis told that Karthaveeryarjuna is blessed with the boon and as such, he has to obtain vidya from Lord Shiva to enable him to kill Karthaveeryarjuna.
Thus Bhagavan Sri Parashurama (he is an avatar of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu) due to ‘loka reetya’ (just to teach ordinary people on how to learn) went to Lord Shiva for learning ‘Shastra Vidya’ (weaponery education) with Lord Shiva.
(Here we must note that, Lord Shiva did the samarpana of shastra vidya to Bhagavan Sri Parashurama. There is no need for Bhagavan Sri Parashurama to learn anything from anyone.)
(But only for ‘loka reetya’, Bhagavan Sri Parashurama is showing us the way on how to learn something which is unknown to the oridinary humans).
Thus after coming back from Kailasa, Bhagavan Sri Parashurama killed Karthaveeryarjuna. Then Parashurama again returned back to Kailasa and wanted to do the samarpana (to thank) of the killing of Karthaveeryarjuna to his Guru Lord Shiva (Please remember this is on ‘loka reetya’).
Lord Ganesha who was standing in front of Kailasa stopped Bhagavan Sri Parashurama telling that his parents are in Ekantha (secluded).
Bhagavan Sri Parashurama insisted to go inside.
Lord Ganesha told to Bhagavan Sri Parashurama if he wants to go inside, he has to fight with him and then go inside.
Here Bhagavan Sri Parashurama pretended to be angry and took his weapon and was about to throw at Lord Ganesha.
Now immediately Lord Ganesha realizing his huge mistake repented and begged to remove one of his danta (tooth) as a punishment for having prevented him from entering.
Thus Bhagavan Sri Parashurama removed one of Lord Ganesha’s danta (tooth).
For this reason, Lord Ganesha is having only one danta and thus Lord Ganesha is known as Ekadanta.
(We should always remember that, Bhagavan doesn’t do anything which would go against Dharma and Bhagavan always shows us the right path which will be in the Dharmic way. Whatever Bhagavan does will be automatically becomes Dharma.)
Siginficance of Bhadrapada Shudda (Shukla Paksha) Chaturti
This is the same that Lord Ganesha was reborn, means this is the day Lord Ganesha got the gaja / elephant’s head.
Further on this day, Lord Shiva had blessed Lord Ganesha that ‘before starting any new auspicious works like agriculture related, vivaha / wedding or any function:
One must do the pooja / worship of Lord Vigneshvara (someone who removes all the vighnas or obstacles. Vigneshvara is another name of Lord Ganesha),
So that there will not be any vighna / obstacles in completion of that work and that work will be comfortably completed’.
Why we shouldn’t watch Chandra / Moon on Bhadrapada Shudda (Shukla Paksha) Chaturti
Once after eating heavy food on Bhadrapada Shudda (Shukla) Chaturti Lord Ganesha was sitting on his vahana / vehicle ‘mushakaraja’ (the mouse).
The mushakaraja (the mouse) saw a snake passing nearby and thus mushakaraja (the mouse) become unconscious on seeing the snake and fell down.
Because of this reason even Lord Ganesha who was sitting on the mushakaraja fell down on the ground.
The laddus (sweet balls) which Lord Ganesha had in his hand fell on the ground and Lord Ganesha took it and put them again in his mouth.
Lord Ganesha took that sarpa / snake which was moving and tied to his belly as a belt.
Seeing the mischievous actions of Lord Ganesha, Sri Chandra Deva laughed in the sky (same story as said earlier).
Lord Ganesha felt it a disrespectful act of Sri Chandra Deva and hit him with his danta / tooth, and cursed Sri Chandra Deva that “no one shall see Chandra in future”.
With this Sri Chandra Deva repented a lot and came down and did the prarthana (pray) to Lord Ganesha for pardon him.
(We should note that Sri Chandra Deva in kakshya / hierarchy is in the 12th kakshya, whereas Lord Ganesha is in the 18th Kakshya / hierarchy. Now we may think, how can Sri Chandra Deva can accept the curse by a lower positioned Devata like Lord Ganesha?)
(Yes, even though Sri Chandra Deva on being cursed by Lord Ganesha, understood the real meaning behind the curse and saw no fault in Lord Ganesha.)
(Sri Chandra Deva new that actually the ‘Vishvambhara roopa’ of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu inside (antaryaami) Lord Ganesha and sought apology from the ‘antaryaami’ (Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu) of Lord Ganesha.)
Then later Lord Ganesha was convinced and reduced the curse that Sri Chandra Deva should decrease day by day slowly in Krishna paksha. Further, let no one shall see Sri Chandra Deva on the particular day of Bhadrapada Shudda (Shukla paksha) Chaturti day.
And that who ever sees Sri Chandra Deva on this day, shall have “misunderstanding and shall have blame even though the mistake is not of that particular person”.
Should we worship Lord Ganesha as Sarvottama / Supreme
We all know Lord Ganesha is the son of Sri Rudra and Sri Parvati Devi.
For those who have ‘taamasa gunas’, Lord Ganesha in order to make them feel the fierceful state, makes them to do ‘Sankashti Vrata’, and also gives them sukha (happiness), which will be the reason for Naraka / hell after the death.
Few ‘taamasa guna’ people are performing ‘Sankashti Vrata’ on every Krishna Paksha Chaturti day.
Lord Ganesha blesses them fully or partially and then pushes them to Naraka / hell.
Because those who perform such ‘vratas’ are basically ‘taamasica people’.
Why this happens is because, those kind of ‘taamasica people’ pray Lord Ganesha as Sarvottama / Supreme.
These ‘taamasic people’ pray to Lord Ganesha, thinking Lord Ganesha as the Creator, protector and destroyer, etc of the multiverses.
For this reason, nobody should do ‘Sankasti Vrata’.
Actual meaning of ‘Ganesha’ or ‘Ganapati’
We should know note that, ‘गणानाम पति’ / ‘gaNaanaam pati’ means, ‘देवगणानाम पति’ / ‘dEvagaNaanaam pati’.
(‘गणानाम पति’ / ‘gaNaanaam pati’ = head of all the Ganas. ‘देवगणानाम पति’ / ‘dEvagaNaanaam pati’ = head of all the devatagan.)
This means svayam Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu is the real ‘गणानाम पति’ / ‘gaNaanaam pati’ and ‘देवगणानाम पति’ / ‘dEvagaNaanaam pati’.
Actually the word “Ganapati” means Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu himself.
All the Vedas, all the Puranas, all the shabdhas, all the vaakyaas, all the aksharas etc etc etc whether ‘pourusheya’ or ‘apouresheya’, all speak, sing only the glorious of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu only. All other Devatas / Demigods are followers of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu.
Why did Bhagavan and other Devatas / Demigods worshipped Lord Ganesha
1. While constructing the Rama Setu (a bridge) to Lanka, Bhagavan Sri Rama did the pooja / worship of Lord Ganesha.
2. Bhagavan Sri Krishna also did the pooja / worship of Lord Ganesha.
3. Lord Shiva himself did the pooja / worship of Lord Ganesha before starting war with Tripurasura.
4. In order to kill rakshasa, Sri Indra Deva did pooja / worship of Lord Ganesha.
5. Dharmaraja / Yudhishthira did the pooja / worship of Lord Ganesha as per the orders of Bhagavan Sri Krishna.
Here we should note that, Bhagavan and other Devatas / Demigods mentioned are superior to Lord Ganesha in hierarchy / Kakshya.
All of the above mentioned did the pooja / worship only for ‘loka reetya’ (to teach to ordinary people on how to pray to Lord Ganesha) and to get blessings from Lord Ganesha.
Bhagavan Sri Rama did the pooja / worhsip of Vishvambhara roopa of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu (Rama himself) who is sitting as ‘antaryaami’ inside Lord Ganesha.
Dharmaraja / Yudhishthira did pooja / worship of Lord Ganesha to respect the boons granted by Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu and Lord Shiva to Lord Ganesha and to mislead the paapis / wicked souls also.
Lord Ganesha writing Mahabharatha as dictated by Bhagavan Sri Veda Vyasa Ji
Lord Ganesha is the recipient of mercy from Bhagavan Sri Veda Vyasa Ji (he is an avatar of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu).
The story goes on that Sri Veda Vyasa Ji ordered to Lord Ganesha to write Mahabharata, so the work will go on a faster rate as dictated by Bhagavan Sri Veda Vyasa Ji.
1. Moola / original Mahabharata consists of 60 lakh grantas.
2. Bhagavan Sri Veda Vyasa Ji kept 30 lakh grantas aside. (This is not available to anyone, but only made available to Sri Brahma Deva and to Sri Vayu Deva.)
The remaining 30 lakh grantas was split into four different parts as given below:
3. 30 lakh grantas were given to Maharshi Narada to teach the Devatas / Demigods.
4. In that again another half of that, i.e., 15 lakh grantas were taken and given to the Rushis Asitha, and Devala for teaching Pitru Devatas.
5. Shukacharya was given 14 lakh grantas, so that he could teach to Gandharvas.
6. Final one lakh grantas were made available to Janamejaya Raja by Rushi Sri Vaisampayana.
7. Only this final one lakh grantas is now available to us.
8. This one lakh grantas (approximately 8800 shlokas) is said to be written by Lord Ganesha and not the entire Mahabharata.
Ravana and Gokarna Atma Linga incident
Lord Shiva had given his ‘Atma Linga’ to Ravana to do ‘Shiva pooja’, and had instructed Ravana that “the ‘Atma Linga’ should not be placed anywhere on the ground.
If it is placed on the ground, then it will get establish there itself where it will be placed on ground”.
On the way, from Kailasa to Lanka, somewhere in a place called Gokarna (near to today’s Karnataka) the time to do ‘Sandyavandanam’ (as Ravana was Brahmana, he used to do ‘Sandyavandanam’) had arrived.
Meanwhile, Lord Ganesha had come in a disguise of a young Brahmana boy to mislead Ravana, so that Lord Shiva’s ‘Atma Linga’ will not be taken to Lanka puri.
Seeing Lord Ganesha, Ravana asked Lord Ganesha (in the disguise of a Brahmana boy), to look after the ‘Atma Linga’ and also instructed Lord Ganesha not to place the ‘Atma Linga’ on the ground and then thus later Ravana went to do ‘Sandhyavandanam’ near the ‘samudra tata’ (ocean side).
Lord Ganesha had also instructed Ravana that, he could not carry the idol for long time and Ravana should return back as soon as possible.
Ravana told he will come early.
Lord Ganesha having known about the ‘Atma Linga’, kept it on the ground, resulting in ‘Gokarneshvara Atma Linga’.
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