What are Vaikuntha Ekadashi unknown facts (Mukkoti Ekadashi) (Vaikuntha North door Darshanam)
Namaste friends, how are you doing today? Bhagavan Sri Vishnu blessings to you and your family!
Just before going to know about “What is Vaikuntha Ekadashi (Mukkoti Ekadashi) (Vaikuntha North door Darshanam)”, let us have a brief about Ekadashi.
Ekadashi in Sanskrit means the 11th lunar day (tithi) in Hindu calendar (Panchang) that occurs twice in a lunar month both in Shukla paksha (bright fortnight) as well as in Krishna paksha (dark fortnight).
This means, we normally get two Ekadashi days in a lunar month (Chandraman Panchang) and thus, in a year there will be 24 Ekadashi days.
Whereas, sometimes even more Ekadashis days are found, that is because whenever there is Adhika masam (Extra month) as per lunar calendar (Chandraman Panchang / Chandramana Panchanga).
List of Vaikuntha Ekadashi unknown facts are as given below:
Ekadashi is the most favourite day of Lord Vishnu
Ekadashi is also known as Hari Din
Ekadashi day has given the highest prominence in Hinduism
No austerity is equal to Ekadashi vrat (vrata)
Vaikuntha Ekadashi occurs during Dhanurmasam
Ekadashi is considered as the female energy of Lord Vishnu
During Vaikuntha Ekadashi, Vaikuntha’s northern doors will be opened
Lord Vishnu is also known as Vaikuntha
Vaikuntha Ekadashi is also known as Mukkoti Ekadashi
Lord Vishnu is worshipped on Vaikuntha Ekadashi day
Both Lord Vishnu and Lakshmi should be worshipped on Vaikuntha Ekadashi day
Nirjala upavasam should be done on Vaikuntha Ekadashi
Lord Vishnu different names has to be chanted on Vaikuntha Ekadashi
Lord Vishnu temples should be visited on Vaikuntha Ekadashi
And many many more…
Ekadashi is the most favourite day of Lord Vishnu and that’s why it is also known as Hari Din, that is, this day is dedicated to only Lord Sri Vishnu / Krishna / Rama / Hari.
In Hinduism, Ekadashi day has given the highest prominence, as it is the most sacred and holiest day prescribed for worshiping the Supreme Lord Vishnu.
We can easily find devotee of Lord Vishnu observe fasting on all the Ekadashi and spend the whole day in spiritual (adyatmik) pursuits.
In Hindu scriptures, it is said that there is no austerity that is equivalent to Ekadashi Vrat (Vrata / divine Hindu austerity) in terms of merits.
Most of the Puranas and including the great Padma Purana has eulogized the great importance and merits of Ekadashi Vrat (Vrata / divine Hindu austerity).
It is said that in our Puranas that :
न गायत्रय पर मंत्र | न मातृ पर दैवतं |
न काश्य परं तीर्थं | न एकादश्य समं व्रत: ||
ನ ಗಾಯತ್ರಯ ಪರ ಮಂತ್ರ | ನ ಮಾತೃ ಪರ ದೈವತಂ |
ನ ಕಾಶ್ಯ ಪರಂ ತೀರ್ಥಂ | ನ ಏಕಾದಶ್ಯ ಸಮಂ ವ್ರತಂ ||
na gāyatraya para mantra| na mātr̥ para daivataṁ |
na kāśya paraṁ tīrthaṁ | na ēkādaśya samaṁ vrataṁ ||
Meaning of the above shloka : There is no other mantra that is superior to Gayatri mantra, there is no other Daivam (Deity) superior to our Mother, there is no other sacred theertham (pilgrimage place) better than Kashi
And there is no other Vrat (Vrata / divine Hindu austerity) that is more meritorious than the great Ekadashi Vrat (Vrata / divine Hindu austerity).
Importance of Vaikuntha Ekadashi (Mukkoti Ekadashi) :
What is Vaikuntha Ekadashi day
Ekadashi that occurs in shukla paksha (bright fortnight) of the lunar Month either in Margashira masam (month) or Pushya masam (month) coinciding with holy solar month of Dhanur masam (month) is estimated as the great Vaikuntha Ekadashi day.
Though all Ekadashi days are equal in merits, whereas the great Vaikuntha Ekadashi has attained lot of importance in terms of spirituality as it occurs during Dhanurmasam, that is, before the onset of Uttarayan (Uttarayana).
If the same day occurs in Margashira masam (month), it is also known as Mokshada Ekadashi, that is, this day is capable of bestowing salvation to Lord Vishnu devotees.
And whereas, if this great day of Vaikuntha Ekadashi occurs in Pushya masam (month) it is also called as Putrada Ekadashi, that is, this day is capable of bestowing progeny to the couple who are devotees of Lord Vishnu.
As per the great Padma Purana, Ekadashi is considered as the female energy of Lord Vishnu, that is, Lord Vishnu himself another form of damsel manifested on this day and killed the demon known as Mura and also protected the Lord Indra and other Devatas (Demigods).
Thus, pleased by the act of His own female energy, Lord Vishnu named her as Ekadashi.
Lord Vishnu also gave her a boon that whoever worship Ekadashi and observe fasting on this particular day will reach His abode, that is, the most divine abode called Vaikuntha and his doors will be open for such people (Lord Vishnu devotees).
This divine abode name called Vaikuntha is one of the unlimited of Lord Vishnu.
Vaikuntha is the most divine place where Lord Vishnu is staying physically along with Goddess Sri Maha Lakshmi Devi since the unknown time.
This is the most divine place where Lord Vishnu resides along with his consort Goddess Sri Maha Lakshmi Devi in the resting position on Aadi Shesha Naag (Naaga). For this reason, Lord Vishnu is also called as Shesha Shayi or Shesha Shayana.
This means, Lord Vishnu will be always in the resting position on this great and divine serpent Lord Aadi Shesha Naag (Naaga).
This divine place of Vaikuntha is also called as ‘Paramapadam’, (most divine place or the supreme abode) and thus this place is the most coveted place of Lord Vishnu.
Since Vaikuntha is the most divine abode of Lord Vishnu, he is also called as ‘Vaikunthadhisha’, ‘Vaikunthavaasi’, etc.
Vaikuntha is the most sacred abode where every atma (soul) / devotee of Lord Vishnu will be longing to go and stay eternally.
The word Vaikuntha can be found in ‘Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram’ shloka no. 44 as given below :
वैकुण्ठः पुरुषः प्राणः प्राणदः प्रणवः पृथुः |
हिरण्यगर्भः शत्रुघ्नो व्याप्तो वायुरधोक्षजः || 44 ||
ವೈಕುಂಠಃ ಪುರುಷಃ ಪ್ರಾಣಃ ಪ್ರಾಣದಃ ಪ್ರಣವಃ ಪೃಥುಃ |
ಹಿರಣ್ಯಗರ್ಭಃ ಶತ್ರುಘ್ನೋ ವ್ಯಾಪ್ತೋ ವಾಯುರಧೋಕ್ಷಜಃ || 44 ||
vaikuṇṭhaḥ puruṣaḥ prāṇaḥ prāṇadaḥ praṇavaḥ pr̥thuḥ |
hiraṇyagarbhaḥ śatrughnō vyāptō vāyuradhōkṣajaḥ || 44 ||
Meaning of the above shloka : Lord Vishnu also known as Vaikuntha and he the remover of all the obstacles and sins. And also, the most divine abode of Vaikuntha is the place which removes obstacles.
Lord Vishnu is the one who has united all the Pancha Bhootas and made them to co-exist with each other. He is the Purifier and the one who gives in plenty to all his devotees.
Lord Vishnu is the primordial Supreme Personality who existed before anything else, and the one who is the main cause of the origin and end of the unlimited universes.
Lord Vishnu is the one who outshines everyone and everything. He burns away all the sins of his devotees.
Lord Vishnu is life giver and is the vital air that gives or sustains life. He is the Prana (life) to everyone including Devatas.
Lord Vishnu is the one who makes others bow before Him and the one who deserves to be adored. He is the one who expands himself as Cosmos. He is as pure as Gold. He is the one who delights every one’s heart.
Lord Vaikuntha (Vishnu) is the slayer of enemies (Arishadvargas) of people and also destroyer of enemies of Devatas (Demigods).
Lord Vishnu is the one who is full of benevolence, love and affection without any discrimination. He is the one who is omnipresent and there is no single place where he does not exist.
Lord Vishnu is the one who manifests himself as per his own wishes, never gets diminishes and is the all pervasive Supreme God none-other than Bhagavan Srimanm Narayana.
Mukkoti Ekadashi (3 Crore Ekadashi)
Uttar Dwar Darshanam (North door darshanam) importance
The most divine Vaikuntha Ekadashi is also known as Mukkoti Ekadashi. Dwadashi tithi following Vaikuntha Ekadashi is called Mukkoti Dwadashi.
Mukkoti literally means three crores. It is believed that on this auspicious day of Vaikuntha Ekadashi, Lord Brahma Deva along with the other Devatas (Demi Gods – 3 crores Devatas) will have darshanam of the Lord Vishnu at His abode of Vaikuntha during Arunodaya kalam.
Here, Uttar (Uttara) means north and dwara (dwar) means the gate of Vaikuntha.
Also, there is a spiritual and yogic (Kundalini) importance for Mukkoti Ekadashi. This is similarly to geographical directions (i.e., North, South, East, & West) to the world, we also have similar directions to our body.
North is towards our head, south is towards our feet, front portion is east and back portion is west.
On top of the head (skull) we have a hole called Brahma Randra (Sahasra Chakra) towards the Northern Direction which is not visible. Thus, since it is in the northern direction it is called Northern gate of the human body.
In Hindu scriptures, it is said that one should visualize the image of Lord Vishnu through the route of Ida, Pingala Nadi (Naadi), which run through left and right nostrils and Sushumna Nadi (Naadi) which runs through center of the nose, concentrating at midpoint of the eyebrows called Jnana Netra where Aajna chakra is located.
Then taking it further upwards to the center of the head where Sahasra chakra is located and have darshanam of the Lord Vishnu through the door that gets opened (Brahma Randra) when we meditate.
This is how one should visualize Lord Vishnu even during our daily prayers or whenever one visits a temple.
Since it is through the route of the confluence of three nadis (naadis) (Ida, Pingala and Sushumna) taken further north towards the Sahasra Chakra it is called Mukkoti.
Koti also means an angle, a knot, an edge and Mu means tying or binding.
Having darshanam of the Lord Vishnu from an angle where the three Nadis (Naadis) meet is spiritually known as Uttara dwara darshanam and the day is known as Mukkoti Ekadashi.
As per Hindu Puranas, there are fourteen (14) lokas or worlds in this Universe. That is, 7 are above (including Earth) and 7 are below earth.
7 above the Earth are called urdhwa Lokas which are in the Northern direction and Vaikuntha is one among them in the Northern direction.
Darshanam of the Lord of Vaikuntha (in northern direction) Lord Vishnu on this day which is nearer to Uttarayana the most auspicious time also catches significance for Uttara dwara darshanam.
On this most sacred day of Mukkoti Ekadashi one should have darshanam of the Lord Vishnu in this form and to give significance to this concept perhaps all temples provide darshanam of the Lord Vishnu on this day through the northern entrance that is popularly known as Uttara dwara darshanam.
What should be done on Vaikuntha Ekadashi day
Worshiping Lord Vishnu (according to ones own sampradaya) on this day as well as on the next day (Mukkoti Dwadashi day) during Arunodaya kalam (early hours between 4-6 a.m.) is prescribed in Hindu scriptures.
Since Ekadashi is the female energy of Lord Vishnu, it is auspicious and sacred to worship Goddess Sri Maha Lakshmi Devi also on this particular day.
Complete fasting called as nirjala upavasam is prescribed on all the Ekadashi day and more so in the Vaikuntha Ekadashi also one has to fast without even having a drop of water.
One can undertake fasting according to one’s physical fitness, that is, depending on the age, is any diseases etc are present, only then one can take little fruits or milk. Otherwise one has to do complete ‘nirjala upavasam’ (Without even a drop of water).
One should avoid taking rice and all types of grains on this day. Fasting becomes futile if it is not accompanied by sincere prayer and meditation.
Prayer and Parayana (Paaraayana / reading / chanting)
As per the one’s own sampradaya, one should chose any of the Lord Vishnu related prayers like Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram, Sahasra Namavali, Vishnu Ashtottara Namavali, Purusha Suktam, Vishnu Suktam, Narayana Upanishad, Sri Suktam, Lakshmi Ashtottara etc.
Those who cannot read them, should chant at least, “Om! Namo! Narayanaya”, “Om! Namo! Bhagavate Vasudevaya”, “Om! Namo! Venkateshaya”, or simply should chant “Sri Rama Nama” or “Nama Traya Japam”, that is, “Achyutaya Namah”, “Anantaya Namaha”, “Govindaya Namaha”, or at least should chant the “Hare Rama Hare Krishna” mantra as many number of times as possible.
Vaikunthat Ekadashi is considered to be the most divine and auspicious day to worship Lord Vishnu or Narayana or Krishna or Rama along with Goddess Sri Maha Lakshmi Devi and to have Uttara Dwara darshanam (both physically and spiritually).
Special celebrations are held on this occasion at all Lord Vishnu related temples especially at Tirupati (Tirumalai), Dwaraka, Mathura, Udupi, Sri Rangam, Puri Jagannath, Bhadrachalam etc. where thousands and lakhs of Lord Vishnu devotees will gather to have the Uttara Dwara darshanam of the Lord Vishnu / Krishna / Rama / Srinivasa.
Along with these, Srimad Bhagavatam (Vishnu), Ramayana, Mahabharata, etc. has to be read, heard and the Pandits should preach the same to the ordinary humans.
Let us all pray to Lord Vishnu to save us from all the evils inside and outside of us and show us the path to Vaikuntha. Lord Vishnu is the most karunanidhi (kindest) and he will definitely save all his devotees.
Sarvejano Sukhino bhavantu!!!
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