What are Aranyakas, different Aranyakas names (information) (meaning) (importance) (significance)
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Just before going to “What are Aranyakas, different Aranyakas names (information) (meaning) (importance) (significance)“, let us know a brief, basic and very important information.
Hindu texts (scriptures) (Granthas) (Holy books) (treatise) are the manuscripts which are vast ancient composition literature.
These are authenticatively associated to the diverse traditions within Sanatana Dharma (Hinduism).
These authentic texts (scriptures) (Granthas) (Holy books) (treatise) of Sanatana Dharma (Hinduism) were written by Lord Sri Vishnu himself.
And few of them were composed by other Rishis and Devatas (Demigods) as per instructions of Lord Sri Vishnu.
The Hindu texts (scriptures) (Granthas) (Holy books) (treatise) are divided into Shrutis (that can be heard) and Smritis (that can be recalled or remembered).
In this post (article), you can get the knowledge about the Aranyakas, different Aranyakas names with basic information and meaning.
Aranyakas : In Sanskrit it is written as आरण्यक (āraṇyaka). Aranyaka (āraṇyaka) is derived from the Sanskrit word Aranya (अरण्य) (araṇya).
Since it is derived from the Sanskrit word Aranya (अरण्य) (araṇya), it is called as Aranyaka (āraṇyaka).
In Sanskrit Aranyaka (āraṇyaka) means “something produced or belongs or born or started or inside a forest“.
The Aranyakas (āraṇyaka) are the part of the ancient Indian Vedas concerned with the meaning of ritual sacrifice.
Aranyakas (āraṇyaka) basically typically represent the later sections of the Vedas, and are one of many layers of the Hindu Vedic texts.
Aranyakas (āraṇyaka) are typically identified as कर्मकाण्ड (Karma Kanda), that is, basically these texts are used in daily ritualistic or sacrificial works.
And on the other hand, the Upanishads are typically identified as ज्ञानकाण्ड (Jnana / Gyan Kanda), that is, basically these texts are used in knowledge or spiritual works.
Different Aranyakas (āraṇyaka) names are as given here : Aitareya Aranyaka, Sankhyayana Aranyaka, Taittiriya Aranyaka, Brihad Aranyaka, Katha Aranyaka.
Aranyakas (āraṇyaka) basic meaning (information) is as given below:
1. Aitareya Aranyaka : In Sanskrit it is written as ऐतरेय आरण्यक (ētareya āraṇyaka).
This Aitareya Aranyaka was written by Aitareya Mahidasa, that is, an avatar of Lord Sri Vishnu himself.
Aitaraya Aranyaka includes the information about Maha Vrata, Prana Vidya, (life-breath of a living body), etc.
2. Sankhyayana Aranyaka : In Sanskrit it is written as सान्ख्यायन आरण्यक (sāṅkhyāyana āraṇyaka).
This Aranyaka contents in the Maha Vrata, Prana, Agnihotra ritual, results of prayer, etc. This is also called as Kaushitaki Aranyaka.
3. Taittiriya Aranyaka : In Sanskrit it is written as तैत्तिरीय आरण्यक (taittiriya āraṇyaka).
This Aranyaka discusses about the eight Kathaka sections and mostly deal with varieties of the Agnicayana ritual.
4. Brihad Aranyaka : In Sanskrit it is written as बृहद् आरण्यक (br̥had āraṇyaka).
This Aranyaka is similar to Taittiriya Aranyaka and Katha Aranyaka and it deals with the Parvargya ritual.
5. Katha Aranyaka : In Sanskrit it is written as कठ आरण्यक (kaṭha āraṇyaka). The Katha Aranyaka is fairly similar to the text of the Taittiriyas.
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