What are Indian Holy rivers names and it’s hierarchy (taratamya)

Namaste friends, how are your doing today? Bhagavan Sri Vishnu blessings to you and your family!

Bharata / India is the most auspicious and divine country on earth since ‘aadi kalam’ (Grand unknown time).

Bharata / India has been at the center stage of the world for anything and everything since unknown time. Earlier, everything used to be from our Great Nation Bharata / India and we used to provide / donate to the world.

It may be water, food, grains, vegetables, metals, knowledge, music, dance, technology, ahimsa, etc etc etc everything used to be from our Great Nation Bharata / India.

Among these, today let us know about the Greatest Nadis / Rivers of the Great Sanatana Dharma as per our Great Shastras.

Bharata / India has been at the center stage of the world for anything and everything since unknown time. Earlier, everything used to be from our Great Nation Bharata / India and we used to provide / donate to the world.

It may be water, food, grains, vegetables, metals, knowledge, music, dance, technology, ahimsa, etc etc etc everything used to be from our Great Nation Bharata / India.

Among these, today let us know about the Greatest Nadis / Rivers of the Great Sanatana Dharma as per our Great Shastras.

Sri Ganga – Sri Madhava Roopa

Sri Godavari – Sri Veera Narayana Roopa

Sri Krishnaveni – Sri Janardhana Roopa

Sri Swami Pushkarini – Sri Varaha & Srinivasa Roopa

Sri Chandra Pushkarini – Sri Vamana Roopa

Sri Manasa Sarovara – Sri Madhusoodana Roopa

Sri Kaveri – Sri Ranganatha Roopa

Sri Sarasvati – Sri Padmanabha Roopa

Sri Sarayu – Sri Ramachandra Roopa

Sri Tungabhadra – Sri Varaha Roopa

Sri Yamuna – Sri Yamaputra Krishna Roopa

Sri Narmada – Sri Maha Vishnu Roopa

Sri Sindhu – Sri Srimannaaraayana Roopa

Sri Bhavanashini – Sri Narasimha Roopa

Sri Kumadhvati – Sri Trivikrama Roopa

Sri Malaapaha – Sri Janardhana Roopa

Sri Tamraparni – Sri Anantha Namaka Roopa

Sri Bheemarati – Sri Sridhara Roopa

Sri Manjula – Sri Hayagreeva Roopa

Sri Pinakini – Sri Keshava Roopa

Sri Ganga

“Ganga” is shreshtta / supreme or the best among all the rivers as it has come out of the “paadakamala” of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu. 

There is extra saannidya of Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu in Sri Ganga Devi.

When Sri Trivikrama roopi bhagavan touched the Brahmaanda kavaaTa with his right foot’s angusta / thumb finger, the shuddodaka came out of it and entered “satya loka” of Sri Chatur Mukha Brahma Deva, who stored in his “kamandala” and did prakshalana on himself.

While other rivers flows in bhooloka only, Sri Ganga Devi flows in all the triloka, and removes all sins, so she is the “shreshtta”.

Sri Ganga Devi flows in Badari, Hrushikesha, Haridvara and enters Bay of Bengal.

Even while doing snaana in ordinary water, we must have the nama smarana of Sri Ganga Devi and the sannidhana of Sri Ganga Devi can be brought there.

When doing snaana in well, sarovara, pushkarini, and rivers we have to give arGya to Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu, Sri Ganga Devi and Sri Surya Deva apart from the respective theerthabhimani devatagan.

But while doing snaana in Sri Ganga Devi river, we must give arGya to Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu, Sri Surya Deva, Sri Ganga Devi only and not to other theerthabhimani devatagan.

To know about the Greatness of Sri Ganga Devi, you visit my other post. The link for the same is as given below:

What is the greatness of Ganga

Sri Godavari

Godavari comes next to Ganga in shreshttatva. This is one among the “sapta mahanadi”. Godavari’s birth place is Tryambaka parvata near Nasika. 

It flows upto Rajamahendri. “Nadee Taratamya Stotra” by Raghavendra Tirtharu says “Shanmaasa phaladaa gOdaa” meaning the snaana phala from Godavari will be there for six months.

Sri Krishnaveni

Krishnaveni is the sangama / uniting of “Krishna” and “Veni”. She borns in Sahyaadri.

Sri Swami Pushkarini

Swami Pushkarini, Chandrapushkarini and Manasa Sarovara are equal to “Krishnaveni”.

It is in Bhoovaikunta, that is in Tirupathi, where Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu has kept his sannidhana through Sri Varaha Svami and Sri Srinivasa roopas.

There are several theerthaas, one among them is Swami Pushkarni Tirtha – where it is said that

While doing snaana in Swamipushkarini, we must have the dhyana as “Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu will be standing with Sridevi-Bhoodevi, holding his Shanka, Chakra, and varadamudra.

Sri Chandra Pushkarini

It is a sarovara, which can be found in the fifth praakaara among sapta praakaraas at Sri Ranga.

It is believed that Chandra did penance at this place for more than thousand years as per Sri Vadirajaru in Theerthaprabandha

Sri Maanasa sarovara

This is in Himalaya mountain range, which has the special saannidhya of many Devatagan. Kaveri and Saraswathi – Both these rivers are in the same kakshya.

Sri Kaveri

It takes its birth in Bhagamandala Talakaveri. She was earlier Agastya Maharshi’s wife Lopamudra and now born as daughter of “Kavera” Rushi – that is “Kaveri”.

In Sri Ranga, Kaveri flows in two directions. We can find Kaveri in all the Ranga kshetraas viz., Aadiranga – Srirangapatna, Madhyaranga – Shivanasamudra and Antyaranga – Sri Ranga.

In all these places Bhagavan Sri Maha Vishnu is in the roopa of Ranganatha Svami itself.

Sri Sarasvati

It flows from Himalaya near Shamyapraasa, where there is Vyasashrama in Badari.

In “Prayaga” Sarasvati flows as Guptagamini, along with Ganga and Yamuna – so it is called as Triveni sangama (uniting of the three rivers).

Sri Sarayu

This flows in Ayodhya, that is in Sri Rama janma bhoomi. This is in the kakshya next to Kaveri and Saraswati.

Sri Tungabhadra

“Tungabhadra” and “Sarayoo” both are in the same kakshya.

Tunga & Bhadra are born from the teeth of “Sri Varaha Svami” and joins in Koodli near Shivamogga and flows in Honnali, Mantralaya, etc.

There is a saying “gangaa snaanam tungaa paanam”, meaning the Tunga river is very very tasty.

Sri Kalindi or Sri Yamuna

Yamuna river comes next to Tungabhadra. She is the daughter of Sri Surya Deva from Sanjya Devi and the sister of Sri Yama Deva.

This is also one among the sapta mahanadees.

Yamunotri is the janma staana of this river.

As this river flows in Kalinda parvata ranges, it is called as “Kalindi” and Bhagavan Sri Krishna did the Kalinga mardhana in this river itself.

Sri Narmada – Sindu

Next to Yamuna in taaratamya – comes Narmada which takes birth in Vindyaparvata and Sindhu River.

To know the greatness of Narmada river, you can visit this link:

What is the greatness of river Narmada

Sri Bhavanaashini

It flows in Ahobila which is the capital of Hiranyakashipu and it is Nava Naarasimha kshetra.

Next to Bhavanashini comes “Kumudhvati”.

Next to Kumudwati comes “Malaapaha” –

This removes daihika and maanasika kalmasha in us.

Next to Malaapaha comes “Taamraparni”, “Bheemarati”, “Manjula” and “Pinakini” which are equal in Kakshya.


This flows in Tirunelveli in Tamilnadu.


This flows in Pandarapura in Maharastra which is also called as Chandrabhaaga.


This flows as two channels that is, Dakshina Pinakini and Uttara Pinakini, which is said to be the birth place of Trivikrama.

Next – Saagaragaami Rivers – which flows independently and are equal to Bheemarati and joins the Sea.

Next – All other rivers

Next – Pushkarini – Which are usually found in the Eshaanya direction of the devastaanas.

Next – Sarovaraas

Next – Tataakaas – which flows in villages, forests and mountain ranges in half chandrakruti.

Next – Devakhata

Next – Koopaas (wells) – which is about 5 Feet width, created by digging earth and covered with Cement blocks (कुंआ).

Rivers Stotram in Sanskrit, Kannada and English:

Rivers Stotram in Sanskrit:

विष्णुपादाब्ज संभूता गंगा सर्वाधिका मता |
ततो गोदावरी न्यूना कृष्णवेणी ततोधमा || १ ||

स्वामि चंद्रा पुष्करिण्यौ मानसं च सरोवरं |
कृष्णवेण्याः समस्ताभ्यः कावेरी च सरस्वती || २ ||

हिनेन्योन्यसमे ताभ्यामाना च सरयू तथा |
गभद्रा समा तस्याः कलिंद्यूना ततोधमे || ३ ||

नर्मदासिंधुसरितौ तत्समा भवनाशिनी |
ततः कुमुद्वती नीचा ततो नीचा मलापहा || ४ ||

ताम्रपर्णी भीमरथी मंजुला च पिनाकिनी |
पृथक् सागरगामिन्यो नद्यो भीमरथी समाः || ५ ||

ततोन्याः सरितो नीचास्तटाकाश्च ततोधमाः |
ततो नीचाः पुष्करिन्णो देवखाताश्च तत्समाः || ६ ||

ततो वाप्योधमास्ताभ्यः कूपाः सर्वाधमा मताः |
स्वोत्तमाघ्र्यं प्रदातव्यं अवरासु न चान्यथा || ७ ||

राघवेंद्रेण यतिना ब्रह्मांडाख्यं पुराणगः |
इत्युध्व्रतः सारभागो नदी नीचोच्च सूचकः || ८ ||

Rivers Stotram in Kannada:

ವಿಷ್ಣುಪಾದಾಬ್ಜ ಸಂಭೂತಾ ಗಂಗಾ ಸರ್ವಾಧಿಕಾ ಮತಾ |
ತತೋ ಗೋದಾವರೀ ನ್ಯೂನಾ ಕೃಷ್ಣವೇಣೀ ತತೋsಧಮಾ || 1 ||

ಸ್ವಾಮಿ ಚಂದ್ರಾ ಪುಷ್ಕರಿಣ್ಯೌ ಮಾನಸಂ ಚ ಸರೋವರಂ |
ಕೃಷ್ಣವೇಣ್ಯಾ: ಸಮಸ್ತಾಭ್ಯ: ಕಾವೇರೀ ಚ ಸರಸ್ವತೀ || 2 ||

ಹಿನೇsನ್ಯೋನ್ಯಸಮೇ ತಾಭ್ಯಾಮೂನಾ ಚ ಸರಯೂ ತಥಾ |
ಗಭದ್ರಾ ಸಮಾ ತಸ್ಯಾ: ಕಾಲಿಂದ್ಯೂನಾ ತತೋsಧಮೇ || 3 ||

 ನರ್ಮದಾಸಿಂಧುಸರಿತೌ ತತ್ಸಮಾ ಭವನಾಶಿನೀ |
ತತ: ಕುಮುದ್ವತೀ ನೀಚಾ ತತೋ ನೀಚಾ ಮಲಾಪಹಾ || 4 ||

ತಾಮ್ರಪರ್ಣೀ ಭೀಮರಥೀ ವಂಜುಲಾ ಚ ಪಿನಾಕಿನೀ |
ಪೃಥಕ್ ಸಾಗರಗಾಮಿನ್ಯೋ ನದ್ಯೋ ಭೀಮರಥೀಸಮಾ: || 5 ||

ತತೋsನ್ಯಾ: ಸರಿತೋ ನೀಚಾಸ್ತಟಾಕಾಶ್ಚ ತತೋsಧಮಾ: |
ತತೋ ನೀಚಾ: ಪುಷ್ಕರಿಣ್ಯೋ ದೇವಖಾತಾಶ್ಚ ತತ್ಸಮಾ: || 6 ||

ತತೋ ವಾಪ್ಯೋsಧಮಾಸ್ತಾಭ್ಯ: ಕೂಪಾ: ಸರ್ವಾಧಮಾ ಮತಾ: |
ಸ್ವೋತ್ತಮಾಘ್ರ್ಯಂ ಪ್ರದಾತವ್ಯಂ ಅವರಾಸು ನ ಚಾನ್ಯಥಾ || 7 ||

ರಾಘವೇಂದ್ರೇಣ ಯತಿನಾ ಬ್ರಹ್ಮಾಂಡಾಖ್ಯಂ ಪುರಾಣಗ: |
ಇತ್ಯುಧ್ವ್ರತ: ಸಾರಭಾಗೋ ನದೀ ನೀಚೋಚ್ಚ ಸೂಚಕ: || 8 ||

Rivers Stotram in English:

viṣṇupādābja sambhūtā gaṅgā sarvādhikā matā |
tatō gōdāvarī n’yūnā kr̥ṣṇavēṇī tatōsdhamā || 1 ||

svāmi candrā puṣkariṇyau mānasaṁ ca sarōvaraṁ |
sr̥ṣṇavēṇyā: samastābhya: kāvērī ca sarasvatī || 2 ||

hinēsn’yōn’yasamē tābhyāmūnā ca sarayū tathā |
gabhadrā samā tasyā: Kālindyūnā tatōsdhamē || 3 ||

narmadāsindhusaritau tatsamā bhavanāśinī |
tata: kumudvatī nīcā tatō nīcā malāpahā || 4 ||

tāmraparṇī bhīmarathī van̄julā ca pinākinī |
pr̥thak sāgaragāmin’yō nadyō bhīmarathīsamā: || 5 ||

tatōsn’yā: saritō nīcāstaṭākāśca tatōsdhamā: |
tatō nīcā: puṣkariṇyō dēvakhātāśca tatsamā: || 6 ||

tatō vāpyōsdhamāstābhya: kūpā: sarvādhamā matā: |
svōttamāghryaṁ pradātavyaṁ avarāsu na cān’yathā || 7 ||

rāghavēndrēṇa yatinā brahmāṇḍākhyaṁ purāṇaga: |
ityudhvrata: sārabhāgō nadī nīcōcca sūcaka: || 8 ||

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