Shukla Paksha (Waxing) & Krishna Paksha (Waning) meaning
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My dear friends, just moving forward to know about “Shukla Paksha (Waxing) & Krishna Paksha (Waning) meaning“, Let us have very small brief about Hinduism (Sanatana Dharma).
Hinduism is the most perfect Dharma on this earth. Hinduism is not a religion.
Hinduism is called as Sanatana Dharma as it is present since the “aadi kalam” (unknown time frame) and will definitely last long for the “ananta kalam” (unknown infinite time frame).
This means Sanatana Dharma is eternal, everlasting, never-ending, endless, perpetual, undying, immortal, imperishable, etc.
I am not at all talking about religion here. I want to make you understand the words Shukla Paksha and Krishna Paksha and thus I am using the names like Dharma, Lord Vishnu etc.
Sanatana also means which is opposite of ‘anatha’, that is, orphan. Sanatana Dharma can never be anatha (orphan).
Sananata Dharma was first started by directly Lord Vishnu. Sanatana Dharma is as old as Lord Vishnu himself.
Now, let us understand the meaning of the words Shukla Paksha and Krishna Paksha in a very simple way.
In Sanskrit Shukla means brightness and Krishna means darkness.
Both Shukla and Krishna are the names of Lord Vishnu (Krishna / Rama) himself.
Meaning of Shukla – In Sri Vishnusahasra Nama, the first shloka itself starts from the word Shukla as given below:
शुक्लाम्बरधरं विष्णुं शशिवर्णं चतुर्भुजम् । प्रसन्नवदनं ध्यायेत् सर्वविघ्नोपशान्तये ॥ 1 ॥
ಶುಕ್ಲಾಂಬರಧರಂ ವಿಷ್ಣುಂ ಶಶಿವರ್ಣಂ ಚತುರ್ಭುಜಮ್ । ಪ್ರಸನ್ನವದನಂ ಧ್ಯಾಯೇತ್ ಸರ್ವವಿಘ್ನೋಪಶಾಂತಯೇ ॥ 1 ॥
śuklāmbaradharaṁ viṣṇuṁ śaśivarṇaṁ caturbhujam। prasannavadanaṁ dhyāyēt sarvavighnōpaśāntayē॥ 1॥
Meaning of shloka (Not the full meaning – Only the Shukla related meaning) : Here Lord Vishnu is called as śuklāmbaradharaṁ viṣṇuṁ
O Lord Vishnu, you are the one who have the color like the wide white sky (brightest).
Meaning of Krishna : Krishna means “नील मेघ वर्णं | ನೀಲ ಮೇಘ ವರ್ಣಂ | nīla mēgha varṇaṁ“.
Here nīla mēgha varṇaṁ – means, Lord Krishna (Vishnu) is someone who has the “body color of cloud – just before the rain“.
Even Lord Panduranga (nīla mēgha varṇaṁ) has the same meaning (Lord Panduranga / Vittala of Pandharpur). Panduranga is Sanskrit word and not Marathi word.
Lord Vishnu (Krishna / Rama) have both colors, that is, brightness and darkness and thus he is known as Shukla and Krishna.
Sometimes, Lord Vishnu takes the form of Shukla (brightness) and sometimes takes the form of Krishna (darkness).
But we should always remember that, Lord Vishnu has both the colors, that is, brightness and darkness.
Also we should note that, there is no difference between Lord Vishnu or any of his avatars like Lord Krishna, Lord Rama etc.
Let us know the meaning of Shukla Paksha and Krishna Paksha now:
Shukla Paksha meaning : Shukla Paksha means brightness, that is, Lord Chandra (Moon) moving from darkness to brightness.
In English it is called as waxing, that is, from waning Moon (dark Moon) towards waxing Moon (bright Moon).
Krishna Paksha meaning : Krishna Paksha means darkness, that is, Lord Chandra (Moon) moving from brightness to darkness.
In English it is called as waning, that is, from waxing Moon (bright Moon) towards waning Moon (dark Moon).
As per Hindu Panchanga (Lunar calendar), in Shukla Paksha there are 15 days and in Krishna Paksha there are 15 days as given below:
Shukla Paksha 15 days in Sanskrit (Hindi) script : प्रतिपदा/ प्रथमा, द्वितीया, तृतीया, चतुर्थी, पञ्चमी, षष्ठी, सप्तमी, अष्टमी, नवमी, दशमी, एकादशी, द्वादशी, त्रयोदशी, चतुर्दशी, पूर्णिमा (शुक्लपक्ष)
Shukla Paksha 15 days in Kannada script : ಪ್ರತಿಪದ / ಪ್ರಥಮ, ದ್ವಿತೀಯ, ತೃತೀಯ, ಚತುರ್ಥಿ, ಪಂಚಮಿ, ಷಷ್ಠಿ, ಸಪ್ತಮಿ, ಅಷ್ಟಮಿ, ನವಮಿ, ದಶಮಿ, ಏಕಾದಶಿ, ದ್ವಾದಶಿ, ತ್ರಯೋದಶಿ, ಚರ್ತುರ್ದಶಿ, ಪುಣಿಮ (ಶುಕ್ಲಪಕ್ಷ)
Shukla Paksha 15 days in English script : pratipada/ prathama, dvitīya, tr̥tīya, caturthi, pan̄cami, ṣaṣṭhi, saptami, aṣṭami, navami, daśami, ēkādaśi, dvādaśi, trayōdaśi, carturdaśi, puṇima (śuklapakṣa)
Krishna Paksha 15 days in Sanskrit (Hindi) script : प्रतिपदा/ प्रथमा, द्वितीया, तृतीया, चतुर्थी, पञ्चमी, षष्ठी, सप्तमी, अष्टमी, नवमी, दशमी, एकादशी, द्वादशी, त्रयोदशी, चतुर्दशी, अमावस्या (कृष्णपक्ष)
Krishna Paksha 15 days in Kannada script : ಪ್ರತಿಪದ / ಪ್ರಥಮ, ದ್ವಿತೀಯ, ತೃತೀಯ, ಚತುರ್ಥಿ, ಪಂಚಮಿ, ಷಷ್ಠಿ, ಸಪ್ತಮಿ, ಅಷ್ಟಮಿ, ನವಮಿ, ದಶಮಿ, ಏಕಾದಶಿ, ದ್ವಾದಶಿ, ತ್ರಯೋದಶಿ, ಚರ್ತುರ್ದಶಿ, ಅಮಾವಾಸ್ಯ (ಕೃಷ್ಣಪಕ್ಷ)
Krishna Paksha 15 days in English script : pratipada/ prathama, dvitīya, tr̥tīya, caturthi, pan̄cami, ṣaṣṭhi, saptami, aṣṭami, navami, daśami, ēkādaśi, dvādaśi, trayōdaśi, carturdaśi, amāvāsya (kr̥ṣṇapakṣa)
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