What are Pitru Devatas and Dwadasha (12) Pitru names (information)

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Just before going to “What are Pitru Devatas and Dwadasha (12) Pitru names (information)“, let us know a brief, basic and very important information.

Meaning of Dwadasha, Pitru and Devatas is as given below:

In Sanskrit Dwadasha means Twelve (12), Pitru means our ancestors (forefathers) (progenitors) and Devatas means Demigods.

Difference between Pitrus and Pitru Devatas is as given below:

Pitrus – Pitrus (English way of pronunciation) or in Sanskrit it is pronounced as Pitarah (पितरः / pitaraḥ) are the one who are our ancestors (forefathers), and who are either living or died.

E.g., Father side – Father, Grandfather (paternal), great-grandfather (paternal), mother, grandmother (paternal), great-grandmother (paternal).

E.g., Mother side – Mother’s father, Mother’s Grandfather (paternal), Mother’s Great-Grandfather (paternal), Mother’s mother, Mother’s Grandfather (maternal), Mother’s Great-Grandmother (maternal).

These above mentioned 12 ancestors are our immediate pitrus (forefathers).

All these above mentioned ancestors (forefathers) are (were) living beings like us (humans).

Pitru Devatas : After they (above mentioned) die, they won’t be having the capability to come to son’s house and accept the Shraddha rituals.

But Lord Sri Vishnu has assigned a group of Devatas (Demigods) who will bring all our dead ancestors (forefathers) to son’s house to accept the Shraddha rituals.

These group of Devatas (Demigods) are known as Pitru Devatas.

There are three main types of Pitru Devatas (Demigods) as given below:

Pitrupatis, Pitruganas, Chirapitrus.

Pitrupatis names are as given here : Lord Sri Yama Deva, Lord Sri Chandra Deva and Kavyavaha.

These three, that is, Lord Sri Yama Deva, Lord Sri Chandra Deva and Kavyavaha are the Pitru Devatas (Demigods) who will control all our Pitrus (ancestors) and also they will protect all the shraddha rituals done by son(s).

Pitruganas names are as given here : These Pitruganas are classified into 7 group of Devatas (Demigods) and their names are as given below –

Agnishvatas (अग्निष्वात्त), Somashadas (सोमषद), Barhishadas (बर्हिषद), Somapas (सोमप), Havirbhujas (हविर्भुज), Ajyaparas (आज्यप) and Sukalas (सुकाल).

Lord Sri Brahma Deva’s sons, that is, Saptarishis (7 Sages) children are these above said seven Pitruganas.

Agnishvatas (अग्निष्वात्त) : They are the children of Maharishi Marichi. These are the Devatas (Demigods) who accept the shraddha rituals done by other Devatas (Demigods).

Somashadas (सोमषद) : They are the children of Maharishi Virat. These are the Devatas (Demigods) who accept the shraddha rituals done by another group of Devatas (Demigods) called as Sadhyas (साध्य).

Barhishadas (बर्हिषद) : They are the children of Maharishi Atri. These are the Devatas (Demigods) who accept the shraddha rituals done by these:

Suparnas (सुपर्ण), Kinnaras (किन्नर), Gandharvas (गन्धर्व), Uragas (उरग), Rakshasas (राक्षस), Daityas (दैत्य), Danavas (दानव).

The above said three Pitruganas, that is, Agnishvatas, Somashadas and Barhishadas are called as Amurtaganas (अमूर्तगण).

Here Amurtaganas (अमूर्तगण) means, they don’t have the physical body and thus they appear as Jyotiroopa (ज्योतिरूप) and Vayuroopa (वायुरूप).

Here Jyotiroopa means in the form of divine light and Vayuroopa means in the form of divine air.

The other Pitruganas, that is, Somapas (सोमप), Havirbhujas (हविर्भुज), Ajyaparas (आज्यप) and Sukalas (सुकाल) are called as Murtaganas (मूर्तगण).

Here Somapas (सोमप), Havirbhujas (हविर्भुज), Ajyaparas (आज्यप) and Sukalas (सुकाल) will be having the physical body and all these four group will accept the shraddha rituals done by humans (son(s)) and will deliver the same to our ancestors (forefathers).

These four that is, Somapas (सोमप), Havirbhujas (हविर्भुज), Ajyaparas (आज्यप) and Sukalas (सुकाल) will be present inside the Brahmanas (Brahmins) in the Vayuroopa (वायुरूप) and will accept the food with highest devotion.

The four Pitruganas, that is, Somapas (सोमप), Havirbhujas (हविर्भुज), Ajyaparas (आज्यप) and Sukalas (सुकाल) Devatas will give darshan to the son(s) and his (their) family who do the stotra (hymns) with highest devotion and who have that yogyata (योग्यता).

Somapas (सोमप) : These are the Devatas (Demigods) who are the children of Maharishi Kavi.

The Brahmana (Brahmin) son(s) who do the Shraddha rituals will be accepted the group of Pitru Devatas called Somapas (सोमप).

Somapas (सोमप) are the group of Devatas (Demigods) who will look like Chandra (Moon) of Sharatkaal (शरत्काल) (Autumn season).

Havirbhujas (हविर्भुज) : The Pitru Devatas (Demigods) are the children of Maharishi Angiras.

The Kshatriya son(s) who do the Shraddha rituals will be accepted the group of Pitru Devatas (Demigods) called Havirbhujas (हविर्भुज).

Havirbhujas (हविर्भुज) Pitru Devatas (Demigods) will be having their body color similar to Rising Sun.

Ajyaparas (आज्यप) : These Pitru Devatas (Demigods) are the children of Maharishi Pulastya.

The Vaishya son(s) who do the Shraddha rituals will be accepted the group of Pitru Devatas (Demigods) called Ajyaparas (आज्यप).

Ajyaparas (आज्यप) Pitru Devatas (Demigods) will be having their body color similar to blazing fire.

Sukalas (सुकाल) : These Devatas (Demigods) are also pronounced as Sukalis (सुकालि).

These Pitru Devatas (Demigods) are the children of Maharishi Vashishtha.

The Shudra son(s) who do the Shraddha rituals will be accepted the group of Pitru Devatas (Demigods) called Sukalas (सुकाल).

Sukalas (सुकाल) Pitru Devatas (Demigods) will be having their body color similar to raining cloud (Blackish).

All the above mentioned Pitru Devatas (Demigods) are higher than the Goddess Sri Ganga Devi in the hierarchy.

All these Sukalas (सुकाल) Pitru Devatas (Demigods) does not get angry at all in any given time.

All these Sukalas (सुकाल) Devatas (Demigods) will always be clean and virtuous.

All these Sukalas (सुकाल) Devatas (Demigods) will always follow the Brahmachari rituals with utmost care.

[Seeing these Sukalas (सुकाल) Pitru Devatas (Demigods) who follow the Brahmachari rituals with utmost care, Lord Sri Vishnu will bless for them a manas daughter called as Acchōdā (अच्छोदा).]

[This divine lady Acchōdā (अच्छोदा) will again take rebirth (avatar) as Satyavati Devi and will become the mother of Lord (Sage) Sri Vedavyasa Ji.]

The above mentioned Sukalas (सुकाल) Pitru Devatas (Demigods) will never hold any weapons in their hands.

These Sukalas (सुकाल) Pitru Devatas (Demigods) will always follow the Sanatana Dharma is the right manner through out their life time.

About Chirapitrus : Totally there are thirty one (31) Chirapitrus as given below:

viśva (विश्व), viśvabhuk (विश्वभुक्), ārādhya (आराध्य), dhān’ya (धन्य), dharma (धर्म), sanātana (सनातन), bhūtida (भूतिद), bhūtikr̥t (भूतिकृत्),

bhūti (भूति), vara (वर), varēṇya (वरेण्य), varada (वरद), tuṣṭida (तुष्टिद), puṣṭida (पुष्टिद), viśvapātā (विश्वपाता), dhātā (धाता), kalyāṇa (कल्याण),

kalyātāṅkartā (कल्यतान्कर्ता), kalya (कल्य), kalyatarāśraya (कल्यतराश्रय), kalyatāhētu (कल्यताहेतु), anagha (अनघ), mahāḥ (महाः), mahāmahāḥ (महामहाः),

mahātējāḥ (महातेजाः), matimān‌ (मतिमान्), phalaprada (फलप्रद), sukhada (सुखद), dhanada (धनद), dharmada (धर्मद), bhūtida (भूतिद).

Among all the Pitru Devatas (Demigods), that is, Pitrupatis (3), Pitruganas (7), Chirapitrus (31):

The great Maharishi Sri Vishwamitra is the one who give the तत्त्वोपदेश (Tatvōpadēśa) to all the above mentioned Pitru Devatas (Demigods), expect Lord Sri Yama Deva and Lord Sri Chandra Deva.

Maharishi Sri Vishwamitra is the Guru of all the above mentioned Pitru Devatas (Demigods).

While a son(s) choosing a Brahamana (Brahmin) for the Shraddha rituals, we need to choose a right and Lord Sri Vishnu devotee only.

If the son(s) chooses an incorrect or not a Lord Sri Vishnu devotee for the Shraddha rituals, then it is of no use of doing the Shraddha rituals.

The son(s) and his family should and must always remember Maharishi Sri Vishwamitra while doing the Shraddha rituals, as he is the Guru of all the Pitru Devatas (Demigods).

Dwadasha (12) Pitrus (ancestors) names are as given below:

Pitaram (पितरम्) : Father – Vasu roopam / form.

Pitamaham (पितामहम्) : Grand Father – Father’s father (Paternal) – Rudra roopam / form.

Prapitamaham (प्रपितामहम्) : Great-Grandfather – Father’s paternal grand father – Aditya roopam / form.

Mataram (मातरम्) : Mother – Vasu roopam / form.

Pitamahim (पितामहिम्) : Grand Mother – Father’s mother (Maternal) – Rudra Roopam / form.

Prapitamahim (प्रपितामहिम्) : Great-Grandmother – Father’s paternal Grand Mother – Aditya roopam / form.

Matamaham (मातामहम्) : Grand Father – Mother’s Father – Vasu roopam / form.

Matu Pitamaham (मातु पितामहम्) : Great-Grandfather – Mother’s paternal grand father – Rudra roopam / form.

Matu Prapitamaham (मातु प्रपितामहम्) : Mother’s paternal Great-Grandfather – Aditya roopam / form.

Matamahim (मातामहिम्) : Mother’s mother.

Matu Pitamahim (मातु पितामहिम्) : Mother’s paternal grand mother.

Matu Prapitamahim (मातु प्रपितामहिम्) : Mother’s paternal Great-Grandmother.

Other few important Pitru names are as given below:

Atma Patnim (आत्म पत्निम्) : Wife

Tanaya (तनय / सुतम्) : Son

Tanayaadi (तनयादि / सुतमादि) : Sons

Bhrataram (भ्रातरम्) : Elder brother

Bhrataram Patnim (भ्रातरम् पत्निम्) : Elder brother’s wife

Anuja (अनुज) : Younger brother

Anuja Patnim (अनुज पत्निम्) : Younger brother wife

Pitruvya (पितृव्य) : Father’ brother

Pitruvyaa (पितृव्या) : Father’s brother’s wife

Matula (मातुल) : Mother’s brother

Putram (पुत्रम्) : Son

Putrim (पुत्रिम्) : Daughter

Jamata (जामाता) : Son-in-law

More information will be added to this on regular basis. Please visit this post after some time to get updated information.

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To know more about “Pitrus information, facts“, kindly click the below link:

Pitrus (ancestors) information, facts in Hinduism

To know more about “What are Relationship names in Sanskrit“, please click the below link”

What are Relationship names in Sanskrit

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